Voluntary State Curriculum
2.B.2: Recognize and explain that fossils found in layers of sedimentary rock provide evidence of changing life forms.
2.B.2.b: Recognize and explain that the fossil record of plants and animals describes changes in life forms over time.
2.D.2: Identify and explain celestial phenomena using the regular and predictable motion of objects in the solar system.
2.D.2.c: Identify and explain the cause of the phases of the moon.
2.D.2.d: Describe how lunar and solar eclipses occur.
2.D.3: Recognize and explain the effects of the tilt of Earth?s axis.
2.D.3.a: Recognize and describe that Earth's axis is tilted about 23º from vertical with respect to the plane of its orbit and points in the same direction during the year.
2.D.3.b: Recognize and describe that as Earth orbits the sun, the tilt of Earth's axis causes
2.D.3.b.1: Changes in the angle of the sun in the sky during the year
2.D.3.b.2: Seasonal differences in the northern and southern latitudes
2.D.3.c: Recognize and describe how the tilt of Earth's axis affects the climate in Maryland.
2.D.4: Recognize and explain how the force of gravity causes the tides.
2.D.4.a: Identify and describe the cause of high and low tides.
2.E.1: Cite evidence to explain the relationship between the hydrosphere and atmosphere.
2.E.1.b: Recognize and describe the water cycle as the distribution and circulation of Earth?s water through the glaciers, surface water, groundwater, oceans, and atmosphere.
2.E.1.c: Identify and describe how the temperature and precipitation in a geographic area are affected by surface features and changes in atmospheric and ocean content.
2.E.1.c.3: Proximity (closeness) to large bodies of water
2.E.2: Recognize and describe the various factors that affect climate.
2.E.2.a: Identify and describe how the temperature and precipitation of an area are affected by surface and ocean features.
2.E.2.a.2: Proximity (closeness) to large bodies of water
2.E.2.b: Recognize and describe the global effects of volcanic eruptions, greenhouse gases, and El Nino.
2.E.3: Identify and describe the atmospheric and hydrospheric conditions related to weather systems.
2.E.3.a: Identify and describe weather patterns associated with high and low pressure systems and the four frontal systems using appropriate data displays including weather maps.
2.E.3.b: Identify and describe the atmospheric and hydrospheric conditions associated with the formation and development of hurricanes, tornadoes, and thunderstorms.
3.D.1: Recognize and describe that evolutionary change in species over time occurs as a result of natural variation in organisms and environmental changes.
3.D.1.a: Recognize and describe that gradual (climatic) and sudden (floods and fires) changes in environmental conditions affect the survival of organisms and populations.
3.D.1.c: Recognize and describe that adaptation and speciation involve the selection of natural variations in a population.
3.D.1.e: Recognize that evolution accounts for the diversity of species.
4.C.1: Describe how the motion of atoms and molecules in solids, liquids, and gases changes as heat energy is increased or decreased.
4.C.1.b: Describe what the temperature of a solid, or a liquid, or a gas reveals about the motion of its atoms and molecules.
4.D.2: Cite evidence and give examples of chemical properties of substances.
4.D.2.b: Use information gathered from investigations using indicators and the pH scale to classify materials as acidic, basic, or neutral.
4.D.3: Provide evidence to support the fact that common substances have the ability to change into new substances.
4.D.3.c: Identify the reactants and products involved in a chemical reaction given a symbolic equation, a word equation, or a description of the reaction.
5.A.1: Develop an explanation of motion using the relationships among time, distance, velocity, and acceleration.
5.A.1.a: Observe, describe, and compare the motions of objects using position, speed, velocity, and the direction.
5.A.1.b: Based on data given or collected, graph and calculate average speed using distance and time.
5.A.1.c: Compare accelerated and constant motions using time, distance, and velocity.
5.A.1.d: Describe and calculate acceleration using change in the speed and time.
5.A.2: Identify and relate formal ideas (Newton?s Laws) about the interaction of force and motion to real world experiences.
5.A.2.a: Investigate and explain the interaction of force and motion that causes objects that are at rest to move.
5.A.2.d: Based on data collected and organized, explain qualitatively the relationship between net force applied to an object and its mass for a given acceleration.
5.A.2.e: Calculate the net force given the mass and acceleration.
5.A.3: Recognize and explain that every object exerts gravitational force on every other object.
5.A.3.a: Explain the difference between mass and weight.
5.A.3.a.2: Weight is a measure of the force of gravity.
5.A.3.b: Describe the relationship between the gravitational force and the masses of the attracting objects.
5.A.3.c: Describe the relationship between the gravitational force and the distance between the attracting objects.
5.A.3.d: Recognize and cite examples showing that mass remains the same in all locations while weight may vary with a change in location (weight on Earth compared to weight on moon).
5.A.3.e: Recognize that gravity is the force that holds planets, moons, and satellites in their orbits.
5.A.4: Recognize and explain that energy can neither be created nor destroyed; rather it changes form or is transferred through the action of forces.
5.A.4.a: Observe and describe the relationship between the distance an object is moved by a force and the change in its potential energy or kinetic energy, such as in a slingshot, in mechanical toys, the position of an object and its potential energy..
5.A.4.b: Identify the relationship between the amount of energy transferred (work) to the product of the applied force and the distance moved in the direction of that force.
5.A.4.c: Identify and describe that simple machines (levers and inclined planes) may reduce the amount of effort required to do work.
5.A.4.c.1: Calculate input and output work using force and distance
5.A.4.c.2: Demonstrate that input work is always greater than output work
5.B.1: Describe and cite evidence that heat can be transferred by conduction, convection and radiation.
5.B.1.a: Based on observable phenomena, identify and describe examples of heat being transferred through conduction and through convection.
5.B.1.b: Based on observable phenomena, identify examples to illustrate that radiation does not require matter to transfer heat energy.
5.B.1.c: Research and identify the types of insulators that best reduce heat loss through conduction, convection, or radiation.
5.B.2: Identify and explain that heat energy is a product of the conversion of one form of energy to another.
5.B.2.a: Identify and describe the various forms of energy that are transformed in order for systems (living and non-living) to operate.
5.B.2.a.2: Mechanical ? Pulleys-Motion
5.B.2.a.4: Chemical - Plant cells
5.B.2.b: Explain that some heat energy is always lost from a system during energy transformations.
6.B.1: Recognize and explain how human activities can accelerate or magnify many naturally occurring changes.
6.B.1.b: Identify and describe how human activities produce changes in natural processes:
6.B.1.b.2: Loss of habitat due to construction
6.B.1.b.3: Hunting and fishing
Correlation last revised: 1/19/2015