### B: Motion and Its Applications

#### B.2: investigate, in qualitative and quantitative terms, the linear uniform and non-uniform motion of objects, and solve related problems;

B.2.1: use appropriate terminology related to motion, including, but not limited to: distance, displacement, position, speed, acceleration, instantaneous, force, and net force

B.2.2: plan and conduct investigations to measure distance and speed for objects moving in one dimension in uniform motion

B.2.3: plan and conduct investigations to measure constant acceleration for objects moving in one dimension

B.2.4: draw distance?time graphs, and use the graphs to calculate average speed and instantaneous speed of objects moving in one dimension

B.2.5: draw speed?time graphs, and use the graphs to calculate average acceleration and distance of objects moving in one dimension

B.2.7: solve simple problems involving one-dimensional average acceleration (aav), change in speed ("Delta"v), and elapsed time ("Delta"t) using the algebraic equation aav = "Delta"v/"Delta"t

B.2.8: plan and conduct an inquiry to determine the relationship between the net force acting on an object and its acceleration in one dimension

B.2.9: analyse, in quantitative terms, the forces acting on an object, and use free-body diagrams to determine net force and acceleration of the object in one dimension

B.2.10: conduct an inquiry to measure gravitational acceleration, and calculate the percentage error of the experimental value

#### B.3: demonstrate an understanding of different kinds of motion and the relationships between speed, acceleration, displacement, and distance.

B.3.3: describe, in quantitative terms, the relationship between one-dimensional average acceleration (aav), change in speed ("Delta"v), and elapsed time ("Delta"t)

B.3.5: explain the relationship between the acceleration of an object and the net unbalanced force acting on that object

### C: Mechanical Systems

#### C.2: investigate forces, torque, work, coefficients of friction, simple machines, and mechanical advantage, and interpret related data;

C.2.1: use appropriate terminology related to mechanical systems, including, but not limited to: coefficients of friction, torque, mechanical advantage, work input, and work output

C.2.2: analyse, in qualitative and quantitative terms, the forces (e.g., gravitational, frictional, and normal forces; tension) acting on an object in one dimension, and describe the resulting motion of the object

C.2.3: use an inquiry process to determine the factors affecting static and kinetic friction, and to determine the corresponding coefficient of friction between an everyday object and the surface with which it is in contact

C.2.4: use an inquiry process to determine the relationships between force, distance, and torque for the load arm and effort arm of levers

C.2.5: solve problems involving torque, force, load-arm length, and effort-arm length as they relate to the three classes of levers

C.2.7: construct a simple or compound machine, and determine its mechanical advantage (e.g., a pulley, a mobile, a can crusher, a trebuchet)

#### C.3: demonstrate an understanding of concepts related to forces and mechanical advantage in relation to mechanical systems.

C.3.1: identify and describe, in quantitative and qualitative terms, applications of various types of simple machines (e.g., wedges, screws, levers, pulleys, gears, wheels and axles)

C.3.4: explain the concept of mechanical advantage

### D: Electricity and Magnetism

#### D.2: investigate real and simulated mixed direct current circuits and the nature of magnetism and electromagnetism, and analyse related data;

D.2.1: use appropriate terminology related to electricity and magnetism, including, but not limited to: direct current, alternating current, electrical potential difference, resistance, power, energy, permanent magnet, electromagnet, magnetic field, motor principle, and electric motor

D.2.2: construct real and simulated mixed direct current (DC) circuits (i.e., parallel, series, and mixed circuits), and analyse them in quantitative terms to test Kirchhoff?s laws

D.2.3: analyse, in quantitative terms, real or simulated DC circuits and circuit diagrams, using Ohm?s law and Kirchhoff?s laws

D.2.4: conduct an inquiry to determine the magnetic fields produced by a permanent magnet, a straight current-carrying conductor, and a solenoid, and illustrate their findings

#### D.3: demonstrate an understanding of the basic principles of electricity and magnetism.

D.3.1: compare and contrast the behaviour and functions of series, parallel, and mixed DC circuits

D.3.2: state Kirchhoff?s laws and Ohm?s law, and use them to explain, in quantitative terms, direct current, potential difference, and resistance in mixed circuit diagrams

D.3.4: describe, with the aid of an illustration, the magnetic field produced by permanent magnets (bar and U-shaped) and electromagnets (straight conductor and solenoid)

### E: Energy Transformations

#### E.2: investigate energy transformations and the law of conservation of energy, and solve related problems;

E.2.1: use appropriate terminology related to energy and energy transformations, including, but not limited to: work, gravitational potential energy, kinetic energy, chemical energy, energy transformations, and efficiency

E.2.2: use the law of conservation of energy to solve problems involving gravitational potential energy, kinetic energy, and thermal energy

E.2.3: construct a simple device that makes use of energy transformations (e.g., a pendulum, a roller coaster), and use it to investigate transformations between gravitational potential energy and kinetic energy

E.2.4: design and construct a complex device that integrates energy transformations (e.g., a mousetrap vehicle, an ?egg-drop? container, a wind turbine), and analyse its operation in qualitative and quantitative terms

E.2.5: investigate a simple energy transformation (e.g., the use of an elastic band to propel a miniature car), explain the power and output, and calculate the energy

#### E.3: demonstrate an understanding of diverse forms of energy, energy transformations, and efficiency.

E.3.1: describe and compare various types of energy and energy transformations (e.g., transformations related to kinetic, sound, electric, chemical, potential, mechanical, nuclear, and thermal energy)

E.3.2: explain the energy transformations in a system (e.g., a toy, an amusement park ride, a skydiver suspended from a parachute), using principles related to kinetic energy, gravitational potential energy, conservation of energy, and efficiency

### F: Hydraulic and Pneumatic Systems

#### F.2: investigate fluid statics, fluid dynamics, and simple hydraulic and pneumatic systems;

F.2.6: solve problems related to the relationships between force, area, pressure, volume, and time in hydraulic and pneumatic systems (e.g., the force exerted on the wheel of a motor vehicle by the hydraulically operated brake pad; the time required for a robotic system to complete one cycle of operation)

Correlation last revised: 8/18/2015

This correlation lists the recommended Gizmos for this province's curriculum standards. Click any Gizmo title below for more information.