Model Content Standards
2.1.b: describing and explaining properties and composition of samples of matter using models (for example, atomic and molecular structure, the periodic table);
2.1.c: separating substances based on their chemical and physical properties (for example, color, solubility, chemical reactivity, melting point, boiling point);
2.1.d: using word and chemical equations to relate observed changes in matter to its composition and structure.
2.2.a: identifying, measuring, calculating, and analyzing quantitative relationships involved with energy forms (for example, heat transfer in a system involving mass, specific heat, and change in temperature of matter);
2.2.b: identifying, measuring, calculating, and analyzing qualitative and quantitative relationships associated with energy transfer or energy transformation (for example, changes in temperature, velocity, potential energy, kinetic energy, conduction, convection, radiation, voltage, current).
2.3.a: identifying, describing, and explaining physical and chemical changes involving the conservation of matter and energy (for example, oscillating pendulum/spring, chemical reactions, nuclear reactions);
2.3.b: observing, measuring, and calculating quantities to demonstrate conservation of matter and energy in chemical changes (for example, acid-base, precipitation, oxidation- reduction reactions), and physical interactions of matter (for example, force, work, power);
2.3.c: describing and predicting chemical changes (for example, combustion, simple chemical reactions), and physical interactions of matter (for example, velocity, force, work, power), using word or symbolic equations;
2.3.d: describing and explaining physical interactions of matter using conceptual models (for example, conservation laws of matter and energy, particle model for gaseous behavior).
3.1.b: predicting and describing the interactions of populations and ecosystems;
3.1.c: explaining how adaptations (for example, structure, behavior) of an organism determine its niche (role) in the environment;
3.2.a: comparing and contrasting the processes of photosynthesis and respiration (for example, in terms of energy and products);
3.3.a: describing cellular organelles and their function (for example, the relationship of ribosomes to protein synthesis; the relationship of mitochondria to energy transformation);
3.3.b: differentiating among levels of organization (cells, tissues, and organs) and their roles within the whole organism;
3.3.c: explaining human body functions in terms of interacting organ systems composed of specialized structures that maintain or restore health (for example, mechanisms involved in homeostasis [balance], such as feedback in the endocrine system);
3.3.e: using examples to explain the relationship of structure and function in organisms;
3.4.a: comparing and contrasting the purpose and process of cell division (mitosis) with the production of sex cells (meiosis);
3.4.b: giving examples to show how some traits can be inherited while others are due to the interaction of genes and the environment (for example, skin cancer triggered by over- exposure to sunlight or contact with chemical carcinogens);
3.4.c: describing how DNA serves as the vehicle for genetic continuity and the source of genetic diversity upon which natural selection can act;
3.4.d: describing how mutation, natural selection, and reproductive isolation can lead to new species and explain the planet's biodiversity;
3.4.e: explaining why variation within a population improves the chances that the species will survive under new environmental conditions;
3.4.f: describing the general structure and function of the gene (DNA) and its role in heredity and protein synthesis (for example, replication of DNA and the role of RNA in protein synthesis);
3.4.g: calculating the probability that an individual will inherit a particular single gene trait (for example, calculating the probability of offspring inheriting cystic fibrosis when both parents are carriers for the disease).
4.1.b: using the theory of plate tectonics to explain relationships among earthquakes, volcanoes, mid- ocean ridges, and deep-sea trenches;
4.1.c: using evidence (for example, fossils, rock layers, ice cores, radiometric dating) to investigate how Earth has changed or remained constant over short and long periods of time (for example, Mount St. Helens' eruption);
4.2.b: explaining and analyzing general weather patterns by collecting, plotting, and interpreting data;
4.2.c: describing how energy transfer within the atmosphere influences weather (for example, the role of conduction, radiation, convection, and heat of condensation in clouds, precipitation, winds, storms);
4.2.e: describing and explaining factors that may influence weather and climate (for example, proximity to oceans, prevailing winds, fossil fuel burning, volcanic eruptions).
4.3.b: identifying and analyzing the costs, benefits, and consequences of using water resources;
4.4.a: explaining the causes of and modeling the varied lengths of days, seasons, and phases of the Moon;
4.4.b: describing the effect of gravitation on the motions observed in the solar system and beyond;
4.4.d: comparing the Sun with other stars (for example, size, color, temperature);
Correlation last revised: 12/1/2009