2A.1.1: understands atoms, the fundamental organizational unit of matter, are composed of subatomic particles. Chemists are primarily interested in the protons, electrons, and neutrons found in the atom.
2A.1.2: understands isotopes are atoms with the same atomic number (same number of protons) but different numbers of neutrons. The nuclei of some atoms are radioactive isotopes that spontaneously decay, releasing radioactive energy.
2A.2.2: understands the periodic table lists elements according to increasing atomic number. This table organizes physical and chemical trends by groups, periods, and sub-categories.
2A.2.3: understands chemical bonds result when valence electrons are transferred or shared between atoms. Breaking a chemical bond requires energy. Formation of a chemical bond releases energy. Ionic compounds result from atoms transferring electrons. Molecular compounds result from atoms sharing electrons. For example, carbon atoms can bond to each other in chains, rings, and branching networks. Branched network and metallic solids also result from bonding.
2A.3.1: understands a chemical reaction occurs when one or more substances (reactants) react to form a different chemical substance(s) (products). There are different types of chemical reactions all of which demonstrate the Law of Conservation of Matter and Energy.
2A.3.2: understands how to perform mathematical calculations regarding the Law of Conservation of Matter, i.e., through stoichiometric relationships.
2A.3.3: understands the differences and reactions between acids, bases, and salts. Perform calculations to determine the concentration of ions in solutions.
2B.1.1: understands Newton?s Laws and the variables of time, position, velocity, and acceleration can be used to describe the position and motion of particles.
2B.1.2: understands physicists use conservation laws to analyze the motion of objects.
2B.2.1: understands matter has energy. Mass and energy can be interchanged. The total energy in the universe is constant, but the type of energy may vary.
2B.2.2: understands the first law of thermodynamics states the total internal energy of a substance (the sum of all the kinetic and potential energies of its constituent molecules) will change only if heat is exchanged with the environment or work is done on or by the substance. In any physical interaction, the total energy in the universe is conserved.
2B.3.1: There are four fundamental forces in nature: strong nuclear force, weak nuclear force, electromagnetic force, and gravitational force.
2B.3.2: understands waves have energy and can transfer energy when they interact with matter.
2B.3.3: The student understand interference ? how waves interact with other waves.
2B.3.4: The student will understand the principles of reflection and refraction.
2B.3.6: The student understands basic electrostatics and circuits.
3.1.1: understands cells are composed of a variety of specialized structures that carry out specific functions.
3.1.3: understands cells function and replicate as a result of information stored in DNA and RNA molecules.
3.1.4: understands some plant cells contain chloroplasts, which are the sites of photosynthesis.
3.2.1: understands living organisms contain DNA or RNA as their genetic material, which provides the instructions that specify the characteristics of organisms.
3.2.2: understands organisms usually have a characteristic number of chromosomes; one pair of these may determine the sex of individuals.
3.2.3: understands hereditary information is contained in genes, located in the chromosomes of each cell.
3.2.5: understands expressed mutations occur in DNA at very low rates.
3.3.2: understands populations of organisms adapt to environmental challenges and changes as a result of natural selection, genetic drift, and various mechanisms of genetic change.
3.3.3: understands biological evolution is used to explain the earth?s present day biodiversity: the number, variety and variability of organisms.
3.3.4: understands organisms vary widely within and between populations. Variation allows for natural selection to occur.
3.3.5: understands the primary mechanism acting on variation is natural selection.
3.4.1: understands atoms and molecules on the earth cycle among the living and nonliving components of the biosphere.
3.4.2: understands energy is received, transformed and expended in ecosystems.
3.4.3: understands the distribution and abundance of organisms and populations in ecosystems are limited by the carrying capacity.
3.4.4: understands organisms cooperate and compete in complex, interdependent relationships
3.4.5: understands human beings live within and impact ecosystems.
3.5.2: understands the sun is the primary source of energy for life through the process of photosynthesis.
3.5.3: understands food molecules contain biochemical energy, which is then available for cellular respiration.
3.6.1: understands animals have behavioral responses to internal changes and to external stimuli.
3.7.1: understands differences in structure and function among organisms and can identify the characteristics of relevant life forms.
3.7.4: understands that in complex organisms there is a division of labor into specific body systems i.e., respiration, digestion, nervous, endocrine, excretion, circulatory, reproductive, immune, skeletal and muscle.
4.1.3: The ultimate source of atmospheric and oceanic energy comes from the sun. Energy flow drives global climate and weather. Climate and weather are influenced by geographic features, cloud cover, and the earth?s rotation.
4.1.4: Understands the processes of water cycling through surface water (oceans, lakes, streams, glaciers), ground water (aquifers), and the atmosphere. (hydrological cycle)
4.3.1: understands gravitational attraction of objects in the solar system keeps solar system objects in orbit.
4.3.2: understands the relationship between the earth, moon, and sun explains the seasons, tides and moon phases.
4.3.3: understands the relative sizes and distances of objects in the solar system.
Correlation last revised: 1/20/2017