### P: Physical Science

#### P.FM: Develop an understanding that the position and/or motion of an object is relative to a point of reference. Understand forces affect the motion and speed of an object and that the net force on an object is the total of all of the forces acting on it. Understand the Earth pulls down on objects with a force called gravity. Develop an understanding that some forces are in direct contact with objects, while other forces are not in direct contact with objects.

P.FM.03.22: Identify the force that pulls objects towards the Earth.

P.FM.03.38: Demonstrate when an object does not move in response to a force, it is because another force is acting on it.

P.FM.03.42: Identify changes in motion (change direction, speeding up, slowing down).

P.FM.03.43: Calculate the speed of an object based on the distance it travels divided by the amount of time it took to travel that distance.

#### P.EN: Develop an understanding that there are many forms of energy (such as heat, light, sound, and electrical) and that energy is transferable by convection, conduction, or radiation. Understand energy can be in motion, called kinetic; or it can be stored, called potential. Develop an understanding that as temperature increases, more energy is added to a system. Understand nuclear reactions in the sun produce light and heat for the Earth.

P.EN.03.11: Identify light and sound as forms of energy.

#### P.PM: Develop an understanding that all matter has observable attributes with physical and chemical properties that are described, measured, and compared. Understand that states of matter exist as solid, liquid, or gas; and have physical and chemical properties. Understand all matter is composed of combinations of elements, which are organized by common attributes and characteristics on the Periodic Table. Understand that substances can be classified as mixtures or compounds and according to their physical and chemical properties.

P.PM.03.51: Demonstrate how some materials are heated more than others by light that shines on them.

### L: Life Science

#### L.OL: Develop an understanding that plants and animals (including humans) have basic requirements for maintaining life which include the need for air, water and a source of energy. Understand that all life forms can be classified as producers, consumers, or decomposers as they are all part of a global food chain where food/energy is supplied by plants which need light to produce food/energy. Develop an understanding that plants and animals can be classified by observable traits and physical characteristics. Understand that all living organisms are composed of cells and they exhibit cell growth and division. Understand that all plants and animals have a definite life cycle, body parts, and systems to perform specific life functions.

L.OL.03.31: Describe the function of the following plant parts: flower, stem, root and leaf.

### E: Earth Science

#### E.ES: Develop an understanding of the warming of the Earth by the sun as the major source of energy for phenomenon on Earth and how the sun?s warming relates to weather, climate, seasons, and the water cycle. Understand how human interaction and use of natural resources affects the environment.

E.ES.03.41: Identify natural resources (metals, fuels, fresh water, farmland, and forests).

E.ES.03.52: Describe helpful or harmful effects of humans on the environment (garbage, habitat destruction, land management, renewable and non-renewable resources).

#### E.SE: Develop an understanding of the properties of earth materials and how those properties make materials useful. Understand gradual and rapid changes in earth materials and features of the surface of Earth. Understand magnetic properties of Earth.

E.SE.03.14: Recognize that rocks are made up of minerals.

Correlation last revised: 10/13/2008

This correlation lists the recommended Gizmos for this state's curriculum standards. Click any Gizmo title below for more information.