### N: Number Sense

N.1.1: Read, write, and compare rational numbers in scientific notation (positive and negative powers of 10) with approximate numbers using scientific notation.

N.1.2: Add, subtract, multiply, and divide rational numbers (integers, fractions, and terminating decimals) and take positive rational numbers to whole-number powers.

N.1.3: Convert fractions to decimals and percents and use these representations in estimations, computations, and applications.

N.1.6: Calculate the percentage of increases and decreases of a quantity.

N.1.7: Solve problems that involve discounts, markups, commissions, and profit and compute simple and compound interest.

N.2.1: Understand negative whole-number exponents. Multiply and divide expressions involving exponents with a common base.

N.2.2: Add and subtract fractions by using factoring to find common denominators.

N.2.3: Multiply, divide, and simplify rational numbers by using exponent rules.

N.2.4: Use the inverse relationship between raising to a power and extracting the root of a perfect square integer; for an integer that is not square, determine without a calculator the two integers between which its square root lies and explain why.

N.2.5: Understand the meaning of the absolute value of a number; interpret the absolute value as the distance of the number from zero on a number line; and determine the absolute value of real numbers.

### A: Algebra and Functions

A.1.1: Use variables and appropriate operations to write an expression, an equation, an inequality, or a system of equations or inequalities that represents a verbal description (e.g., three less than a number, half as large as area A).

A.1.3: Simplify numerical expressions by applying properties of rational numbers (e.g., identity, inverse, distributive, associative, commutative) and justify the process used.

A.1.4: Use algebraic terminology (e.g., variable, equation, term, coefficient, inequality, expression, constant) correctly.

A.1.5: Represent quantitative relationships graphically and interpret the meaning of a specific part of a graph in the situation represented by the graph.

A.2.1: Interpret positive whole-number powers as repeated multiplication and negative whole-number powers as repeated division or multiplication by the multiplicative inverse. Simplify and evaluate expressions that include exponents.

A.2.2: Multiply and divide monomials; extend the process of taking powers and extracting roots to monomials when the latter results in a monomial with an integer exponent.

A.3.1: Graph functions of the form y = nx² and y = nx³ and use in solving problems.

A.3.2: Plot the values from the volumes of three-dimensional shapes for various values of the edge lengths (e.g., cubes with varying edge lengths or a triangle prism with a fixed height and an equilateral triangle base of varying lengths).

A.3.3: Graph linear functions, noting that the vertical change (change in y-value) per unit of horizontal change (change in x-value) is always the same and know that the ratio ("rise over run") is called the slope of a graph.

A.3.4: Plot the values of quantities whose ratios are always the same (e.g., cost to the number of an item, feet to inches, circumference to diameter of a circle). Fit a line to the plot and understand that the slope of the line equals the quantities.

A.4.1: Solve two-step linear equations and inequalities in one variable over the rational numbers, interpret the solution or solutions in the context from which they arose, and verify the reasonableness of the results.

A.4.2: Solve multistep problems involving rate, average speed, distance, and time or a direct variation.

### G: Measurement and Geometry

G.1.3: Use measures expressed as rates (e.g., speed, density) and measures expressed as products (e.g., person-days) to solve problems; check the units of the solutions; and use dimensional analysis to check the reasonableness of the answer.

G.2.1: Use formulas routinely for finding the perimeter and area of basic two-dimensional figures and the surface area and volume of basic three-dimensional figures, including rectangles, parallelograms, trapezoids, squares, triangles, circles, prisms, and cylinders.

G.2.2: Estimate and compute the area of more complex or irregular two- and three-dimensional figures by breaking the figures down into more basic geometric objects.

G.2.3: Compute the length of the perimeter, the surface area of the faces, and the volume of a three-dimensional object built from rectangular solids. Understand that when the lengths of all dimensions are multiplied by a scale factor, the surface area is multiplied by the square of the scale factor and the volume is multiplied by the cube of the scale factor.

G.3.1: Identify and construct basic elements of geometric figures (e.g., altitudes, mid-points, diagonals, angle bisectors, and perpendicular bisectors; central angles, radii, diameters, and chords of circles) by using a compass and straightedge.

G.3.2: Understand and use coordinate graphs to plot simple figures, determine lengths and areas related to them, and determine their image under translations and reflections.

G.3.3: Know and understand the Pythagorean theorem and its converse and use it to find the length of the missing side of a right triangle and the lengths of other line segments and, in some situations, empirically verify the Pythagorean theorem by direct measurement.

G.3.5: Construct two-dimensional patterns for three-dimensional models, such as cylinders, prisms, and cones.

G.3.6: Identify elements of three-dimensional geometric objects (e.g., diagonals of rectangular solids) and describe how two or more objects are related in space (e.g., skew lines, the possible ways three planes might intersect).

### S: Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability

S.1.1: Know various forms of display for data sets, including a stem-and-leaf plot or box-and-whisker plot; use the forms to display a single set of data or to compare two sets of data.

S.1.2: Represent two numerical variables on a scatterplot and informally describe how the data points are distributed and any apparent relationship that exists between the two variables (e.g., between time spent on homework and grade level).

S.1.3: Understand the meaning of, and be able to compute, the minimum, the lower quartile, the median, the upper quartile, and the maximum of a data set.

Correlation last revised: 9/11/2014

This correlation lists the recommended Gizmos for this state's curriculum standards. Click any Gizmo title below for more information.