21st Century Science
9.2.1: apply principles of Mendelian genetics to solve heredity problems.
9.2.2: illustrate meiosis and mitosis and relate to chromosome number and production of sperm, egg and body cells.
9.2.3: analyze cyclic changes in populations of organisms.
9.2.4: design an environment that demonstrates the interdependence of plants and animals (e.g., energy and chemical cycles, adaptations of structures and behaviors).
9.2.5: compare and contrast the structure and function of cells, tissues and systems of different organisms.
9.2.6: diagram the transfer of matter and energy in the chemical/molecular processes of photosynthesis, respiration and fermentation.
9.2.7: predict chemical and physical properties of an element using its position in the periodic table.
9.2.8: compare the types of radioactive decay in terms of particles and energy generated.
9.2.9: predict the changes in density as mass and volume change.
9.2.10: relate molecular motion, kinetic energy and states of matter.
9.2.11: write formulas and name compounds given oxidation numbers of monatomic and polyatomic ions.
9.2.12: propose the results of changing the number of protons, neutrons or electrons on the properties of an atom.
9.2.13: determine formulas and names for binary compounds.
9.2.14: classify a binary chemical bond as ionic, nonpolar covalent or polar covalent.
9.2.15: given a chemical equation deduce the coefficients and classify the reaction type (e.g., synthesis or combination, decomposition, single replacement, or double replacement and combustion).
9.2.16: assess and provide evidence to justify the occurrence of a chemical reaction (e.g., production of color, light, heat, sound, smell, gas, or precipitate).
9.2.17: differentiate various forms of energy and energy transformations including fission and fusion.
9.2.18: assess absorption and dissipation of heat by various materials.
9.2.20: construct electric circuits and mathematically model electric circuits using Ohm?s Law and power equations.
9.2.21: establish the relationship between distance and the intensity of light, charge and gravitational attraction (e.g., inverse square law).
9.2.22: interpret and draw conclusions from speed-distance-time data and graphs.
9.2.23: analyze experiments to determine which variables affect the motion of pendulums.
9.2.24: differentiate between transverse and longitudinal waves and model examples of each type (e.g., light, sound, or seismic).
9.2.25: predict weather based on the relationships of temperature, air pressure, wind speed, wind direction and humidity as depicted on a weather map and meteorological data.
9.2.26: analyze the relationships among latitude, altitude and climate.
9.2.27: classify common rock forming minerals by examining their physical and chemical properties.
9.2.28: analyze the processes of the rock cycle to predict the paleo-environment in which a rock sample is formed.
9.2.31: interpret a half-life graph to determine the absolute age of a given sample.
9.2.32: compare and contrast theoretical models explaining forces driving lithospheric plate motion (e.g., slab pull, plate push, or convection).
9.2.33: research and organize evidence to support the theory of plate tectonics.
9.2.34: apply fusion, heat transfer, gravity, and electromagnetism to the sun, its evolution and its impact on earth.
PS.2.1: apply dimensional analysis and scientific notation in making metric calculations
PS.2.2: predict chemical and physical properties of an element using its position in the periodic table.
PS.2.4: relate molecular motion and the amount of kinetic energy to the temperature of a system.
PS.2.5: characterize compounds as ionic, nonpolar covalent or polar covalent and distinguish the difference between molecular and ionic structures
PS.2.7: determine the coefficients and classify the reaction type of a chemical equation (e.g., synthesis or combination, decomposition, single replacement, or double replacement and combustion).
PS.2.8: cite evidence for the occurrence of a chemical reaction from student generated experimental data (e.g., production of color, light, heat, sound, smell, gas, or precipitate).
PS.2.9: qualitatively and quantitatively describe the law of conservation of mass/energy (e.g., mechanical, thermal, chemical, electrical and nuclear)
PS.2.10: compare the types of particles liberated in nuclear decay and interpret half-life graphs (e.g., radiometric dating, nuclear medicine and nuclear waste disposal)
PS.2.11: experimentally demonstrate the relationship between heat and temperature (i.e., specific heat, melting point, latent heat)
PS.2.15: conduct experiments to verify the inverse square relationship between gravity, distance and intensity of light and sound
PS.2.16: experimentally obtain data and apply graphs, vectors and mathematical models to quantify Newton?s Laws of motion (i.e., velocity, acceleration, force, momentum, and time)
PS.2.17: conduct an experiment to calculate the mechanical advantages, work in/out and efficiencies of simple machines
PS.2.18: design, conduct and analyze experiments to determine variables affecting the period of pendulums.
PS.2.19: differentiate between transverse and longitudinal waves and model examples of each type and relate to water, light and sound waves
PS.2.20: examine seismographic and geologic evidence to determine structure, composition and age of the Earth
PS.2.21: predict and present a weather forecast using a weather map and meteorological data
PS.2.23: research and organize evidence to support the theory and effects of plate tectonics including density, force, mountain building, fossil and/or magnetic evidence
PS.2.24: apply fusion, heat transfer, gravity, and electromagnetism to the sun?s evolution and its impact on the solar system
PS.2.25: investigate theories for the origin and configuration of the solar system (e.g. nebular theory, Earth-Moon formation, heliocentric and geocentric models)
10.2.1: relate the structure of cell organelles to their functions.
10.2.2: apply knowledge of cells to variations in cells, tissues, and organs of different organisms.
10.2.3: compare and contrast mechanisms for the movement of materials into and out of cells.
10.2.4: explore the discovery of DNA and its structure; examine nucleotide bonding to the importance of to the double helix structure.
10.2.5: apply DNA analysis to current societal and technological issues (e.g., DNA?s role in protein synthesis, heredity, cell division, or cellular functions).
10.2.6: integrate DNA mutations, chromosomal crossing over and linkage with the principles of genetics.
10.2.8: compare traditional and modern classification systems.
10.2.9: construct a scientific explanation for variation in the species and common ancestors using fossil records, homologous features and selective pressures.
10.2.10: compare and contrast theories for the development, diversity and/or extinction of a species (e.g., natural selection, Lamarckism, or catastrophism).
10.2.11: construct diagrams showing energy flow and cycles of matter between chemical and biological systems including photosynthesis, stored chemical energy, decomposition, carbon and nitrogen cycles.
10.2.12: integrate the human body systems to the functioning of the entire organism.
10.2.13: design an investigation in which the needs of growing plants are determined.
10.2.14: evaluate environmental factors that affect succession, populations and communities.
10.2.15: model the flow of matter and energy flow through the respiration process.
10.2.16: compare and contrast by investigation the properties of solutions including density, conductivity, solubility, concentration, pH and colligative properties.
10.2.17: compare and contrast the characteristics of physical, chemical and nuclear changes/reactions.
10.2.18: determine the relationships among temperature, pressure and volume in gases and interpret graphs that depict these relationships (e.g., Charles? Law, Boyle?s Law, Gay-Lussac?s Law).
10.2.20: compare and contrast the characteristics and uses of electromagnetic waves and relate the frequency of the wave to its application.
10.2.21: correlate the motion of a body to its Doppler shift.
10.2.23: qualitatively and quantitatively describe the conservation of energy (e.g., thermal, chemical, or mechanical).
10.2.24: apply Newton?s Laws of Motion to depict the relationship among rate, force, momentum, work, and time using kinematics graph and mathematical models.
10.2.25: describe and quantify how machines can provide mechanical advantage.
10.2.26: determine the effect of different forces on vibrating systems (e.g., pendulums, or springs).
10.2.28: predict the amplitude and frequency of tides using the concepts of gravity and positions of the earth-sun-moon (e.g., spring and neap tides).
10.2.29: evaluate the effects of geological events on weather and climate (e.g., volcanism and bolide impact).
10.2.32: examine the effects of plate tectonics on geological and biological processes (e.g., rock cycle and paleo-geography).
B.2.2: relate the structure of cellular organelles to their functions and interactions in eukaryotic cells.
B.2.3: analyze the chemistry and fluid mosaic model of the cell membrane as it relates to import and export of molecules necessary for life including osmosis, diffusion, active and passive transport and dialysis.
B.2.4: compare and contrast cell types (e.g., prokaryotic/eukaryotic, plant/animal, nerve/muscle, archaea/bacteria).
B.2.5: analyze the flow of energy through cellular processes such as photosynthesis, cellular respiration and fermentation.
B.2.6: outline mechanisms of homeostasis in living systems (negative and positive feedback).
B.2.7: analyze meiosis and the cell cycle and relate the processes to the number of chromosomes and production of gametes and somatic cells.
B.2.8: predict phenotypic ratios by applying Mendel?s Laws of Genetics (e.g., complete and incomplete dominance, codominance, sex-linked, crossing over).
B.2.9: explore the discovery of DNA and examine the molecular structure of the double helix.
B.2.10: distinguish the structure and function of messenger, transfer and ribosomal RNA in the process of transcription and translation.
B.2.12: evaluate the evidence for natural selection including speciation, fossil record evidence, molecular similarities and homologous structures.
B.2.13: evaluate the influence of the historical social context on the development of evolutionary theory.
B.2.15: interpret the placement of viruses in the current classification systems.
B.2.16: incorporate the structure and function of individual body systems to the overall functioning of the organism.
B.2.17: assess responses of organisms to internal and environmental stimuli.
B.2.18: evaluate environmental factors that affect succession, populations and communities.
B.2.19: propose ecosystem models that incorporate interactions of biotic and abiotic environmental variables (e.g., biogeochemical cycles).
B.2.20: diagram changes in energy as it flows through an ecosystem to illustrate conservation of energy (e.g., energy pyramid, food web, food chain).
B.2.21: characterize interrelationships of organisms within an ecosystem (e.g., symbiosis, competition, predation, mutualism, parasitism, commensalism).
B.2.22: analyze graphs, GIS data and traditional maps reflecting changes in population to predict limiting factors in ecosystems as they determine carrying capacity.
CB.2.2: relate the structure of cellular organelles to their functions and interactions in eukaryotic cells.
CB.2.3: correlate the properties of molecules to their movement through biological membranes (e.g., osmosis and diffusion).
CB.2.4: compare and contrast cell types (e.g., prokaryotic/eukaryotic, plant/animal).
CB.2.5: analyze the flow of energy through cellular processes such as photosynthesis, cellular respiration and fermentation.
CB.2.6: apply the absorption spectrum of photosynthetic pigments to the action of spectrum of photosynthesis.
CB.2.7: analyze meiosis and the cell cycle and relate the processes to the number of chromosomes and production of gametes and somatic cells.
CB.2.8: predict phenotypic ratios by applying Mendel?s Laws of Genetics (e.g., complete and incomplete dominance, codominance, sex-linked, and crossing over).
CB.2.9: explore the discovery of DNA and examine the molecular structure of the double helix.
CB.2.12: evaluate the evidence of evolution through natural selection (e.g., speciation, fossil record evidence, molecular similarities and homologous structures.
CB.2.14: examine the life cycle of viruses and compare disease prevention (e.g., vaccinations, vector control and drug therapy).
CB.2.15: incorporate the structure and function of individual body systems to the overall functioning of the organism.
CB.2.16: assess responses of organism to internal and environmental stimuli (e.g., homeostasis metabolism, and cyclic behaviors).
CB.2.17: evaluate forest and wildlife best management practices as they affect succession, populations and communities.
CB.2.18: assess the implications of the introduction of exotic species on native wildlife and their habitat requirements.
CB.2.19: diagram changes in energy as it flows through an ecosystem to illustrate conservation of energy, (e.g., energy pyramid, food web, food chain).
CB.2.20: characterize complex interactions of organism with ecosystems based on their niches including interspecific and intraspecific competition and symbiosis.
CB.2.21: analyze graphs, GIS data and traditional maps reflecting changes in population to predict limiting factors in ecosystems as they determine carrying capacity.
CB.2.22: predict the effects of human activities on biogeochemical cycles of matter and energy in the biosphere over time (e.g., water quality, air quality, recycling and global warming).
BII.2.1: correlate functional groups to unique properties of organic molecules to biochemical pathways.
BII.2.2: describe the transfer of energy during condensation and hydrolysis reactions of organic molecules (e.g., ATP, enzyme substrate and active site).
BII.2.3: summarize the electrochemical gradients in various cells and their corresponding environments.
BII.2.5: examine the flow of energy through specific molecules in light dependent and light independent photosynthesis reactions, glycolysis, Kreb?s cycle, EPS, and fermentation.
BII.2.6: interpret important research leading to the current knowledge of molecular genetics (e.g., Griffith, Avery, Hershey & Chase, Chargaff, Franklin & Wilkins and Waston & Crick).
BII.2.9: analyze the process of DNA replication including DNA polymerase, semi-conservative replication and base-pairing.
BII.2.11: demonstrate the role of DNA in determining phenotype and illustrate ways of controlling and regulating expression and function of genes.
BII.2.12: distinguish between chromosomal and gene mutations and their potential effects.
BII.2.13: analyze a karyotype to determine chromosomal abnormalities.
BII.2.14: predict phenotypic ratios of crosses involving pleiotropy, epistasis, multiple alleles and polygenic inheritance.
BII.2.16: analyze the criteria for classifications of protists (e.g., motility, cellular structures, reproduction, energy sources).
BII.2.17: survey the fungi kingdom (e.g., characteristics, reproduction, relationship to humans and the ecosystem).
BII.2.18: compare and contrast members of the plant kingdom in terms of their reproductive systems.
BII.2.21: examine types of innate and learned animal behaviors (e.g., competitive, reproductive, social, cyclic, and communication).
C.2.2: research and evaluate the contributions of Dalton, Bohr, Heisenberg, and Schrödinger to the evolution of the atomic theory.
C.2.3: determine the proper set of quantum numbers (n, l, ml, and ms) for any electron in any given element.
C.2.4: produce electron configurations and orbital diagrams for any element on the periodic table and predict the chemical properties of the element from the electron configuration.
C.2.5: illustrate Lewis? dot structures for representative (main group) elements.
C.2.6: generate the correct formula and/or name for ionic and molecular compounds.
C.2.7: analyze periodic trends in atomic size, ionic size, electronegativity, ionization energy and electron affinity.
C.2.9: construct models to explain the structure and geometry of organic and inorganic molecules.
C.2.10: given the reactants, anticipate the products and create balanced equations for the five general types of chemical reactions (e.g., synthesis or combination, decomposition, single replacement, or double replacement and combustion).
C.2.11: determine experimentally the effects of temperature and concentration on solution properties (e.g., solubility, conductivity, density and colligative properties).
C.2.16: compare and contrast the Arrhenius and Bronsted-Lowry definitions of acids and bases.
C.2.17: compare methods of measuring pH (e.g., indicators, indicator papers, or pH meters).
CC.2.3: compare and contrast the properties of metals, nonmetals and metalloids.
CC.2.4: use the kinetic molecular theory to explain states of matter.
CC.2.6: produce and use electron configuration to explain chemical properties of elements.
CC.2.7: generate the correct formula and/or name for ionic and molecular compounds.
CC.2.8: predict the type of bonding that occurs between atoms and characterize the properties of the ionic, covalent or metallic bond formed.
CC.2.9: given the reactants, anticipate the products and create balanced equations for the five general types of chemical reactions (e.g., synthesis or combination, decomposition, single replacement, or double replacement and combustion).
CC.2.10: analyze the periodic table to predict trends in atomic size, ionic size, electronegativity, ionization energy and electron affinity
CC.2.11: illustrate Lewis? dot structures for representative (main group) elements.
CC.2.13: perform the following ?mole? calculations:
CC.2.13.d: formulas of hydrates
CC.2.13.e: theoretical yields.
CC.2.14: construct models to explain the structure and geometry of organic and inorganic molecules and the lattice structures of crystals.
CC.2.15: determine experimentally the effects of temperature and concentration on solution properties (e.g., solubility, conductivity, or density and colligative properties).
CC.2.16: compare methods of measuring pH (e.g., indicators, indicator papers, or pH meters).
CC.2.18: compare and contrast the Arrhenius and Bronsted-Lowry definitions of acids and bases.
CC.2.20: given the reactants, anticipate the products and create balanced equations for nuclear reactions.
CII.2.1: identify types of binding forces such as: ionic, covalent, metallic, and van der Waals forces (including London) and relate binding forces to state, structure, and properties of matter.
CII.2.2: investigate the valence bond including the concepts of hybridization of orbitals, resonance, and formation of sigma and pi bonds and demonstrate an understanding of the VSEPR theory.
CII.2.4: relate Avogadro?s hypothesis and its relation to the mole concept.
CII.2.5: define changes of state, including critical temperatures and triple points, based on the kinetic molecular theory.
CII.2.6: calculate concentration and explain the effect of changing concentration on the colligative properties of solutions.
CII.2.7: identify oxidation numbers for ions and for any element in a compound to calculate the electron movement in a redox reaction and calculate the voltage using the Nernst equation.
CII.2.9: use experimental data and graphical analysis to determine reactant order, rate constants, and reaction rate laws, calculate the rate of reaction and explain the effect of temperature on rate changes.
CII.2.13: calculate molar masses from gas density, freezing-point, and boiling-point measurements.
CII.2.14: identify weak electrolytes; define pH, pOH, pK, Ka, Kb, Kw, ionization constant, percent ionization, Ksp; calculate pH and pOH; measure pH with indicator papers and electronic meters; recognize salts that undergo hydrolysis and write a reaction for the ion with water and interpret a titration curve to identify the equivalence point don?t forget buffers.
CII.2.15: perform stoichiometric calculations to produce values for theoretical yield and to decide the limiting reactant of a given chemical reaction.
ES.2.2: analyze seismic, density, gravity, and magnetic data to explain the structure of the earth.
ES.2.4: analyze radiometric dating and rock and fossil evidence to determine the age of substances.
ES.2.5: use chemical and physical properties to distinguish between common minerals and explain their economic uses.
ES.2.9: predict geologic activity associated with specific plate boundaries and interactions.
ES.2.10: analyze modern and historical seismic information to determine epicenter location and magnitude of earthquakes.
ES.2.11: evaluate current explanations for mechanisms, which drive the motion of plates (convection, slab-pull, plate push).
ES.2.12: relate the effect of degradation and tectonic forces on the earth?s surface features, i.e.,
ES.2.12.b: physical features of the ocean floor,
ES.2.12.c: life with the oceans.
ES.2.13: construct and/or interpret information on topographic maps.
ES.2.15: compare and contrast characteristics of the various oceans, including their lateral and vertical motions.
ES.2.16: analyze the evolution of the ocean floor including ocean crust, sedimentation, active and passive continental margins.
ES.2.18: investigate to explain heat transfer in the atmosphere and its relationship to meteorological processes (e.g., pressure, winds, evaporation, condensation, or precipitation).
ES.2.20: use meteorological evidence and weather maps (including air masses, wind, barometric pressure, and temperature data) to forecast weather.
ES.2.21: examine global change over time, i.e.,
ES.2.21.b: global warming,
ES.2.22: apply Newton?s Law of Universal Gravitation to the motion of celestial objects to explain phenomenon observed in the sun-earth-moon system.
ES.2.23: analyze several origin theories of the solar system and universe and use them to explain the celestial bodies and their movements.
ES.2.27: evaluate the potential conflicts, which arise between societal reliance on natural resources and the need to act as responsible stewards to reclaim the earth, including disposal of hazardous and non-hazardous waste.
ES.2.28: research alternative energy sources and evaluate the ecological, environmental and economic cost-benefit ratio.
P.2.1: construct and interpret graphs of position versus time, velocity versus time and acceleration versus time.
P.2.3: develop solutions for multi-step problems involving velocity, acceleration, momentum and net force.
P.2.4: interpret graphical, algebraic and/or trigonometric solutions to prove the values for vector components and resultants.
P.2.5: justify Newton?s Laws of Motion in terms of equilibrium and net force situations.
P.2.6: evaluate the conservation of energy and momentum and deduce solutions for elastic and inelastic collisions.
P.2.7: assess the magnitude of buoyant force on submerged and floating objects.
P.2.10: examine the reflective, refractive and diffractive properties of mechanical and transverse waves.
P.2.11: perform calculations to determine wavelength, frequency, velocity or energy of a wave.
P.2.13: research applications of Doppler shift in determining an approaching or receding source in wave propagation.
P.2.14: apply ray optics diagrams to lenses and mirrors; use the lens/mirror equation and the magnification equation to solve optics problems.
P.2.15: justify the image results obtained by diagramming the ray optics of lenses and mirrors and/or by deducing the image information from the lens/mirror equation.
P.2.16: construct and analyze electrical circuits and calculate Ohm?s law problems for series and parallel circuits.
P.2.18: analyze the motion of a projectile.
CP.2.2: compare and contrast distance, velocity and acceleration of moving objects to describe accelerated and non-accelerated motions of a particle from textbook or lab collected data.
CP.2.3: analyze the motion of a projectile.
CP.2.4: illustrate forces acting on objects with free body diagrams.
CP.2.5: interpret Newton?s Laws in terms of natural phenomena.
CP.2.6: compare and contrast kinetic and potential energies and recognize situations where mechanical energy is conserved.
CP.2.7: deduce work, energy, power and efficiency in mechanical systems.
CP.2.8: analyze Archimedes? and Pascal?s principles to solve problems involving equilibrium and stability of floating systems.
CP.2.10: compare and contrast the common temperature scales, convert from one temperature scale to another and evaluate temperature in terms of kinetic energy.
CP.2.11: apply the mechanism of heat transfer and relate to environmental and energy conservation issues.
CP.2.13: compare and contrast sound and light waves using the concepts of reflection, refraction, and interference.
CP.2.14: solve problems involving wave speed, frequency and wavelength; determine factors that affect the speed of sound; recognize that the speed of light is a constant.
CP.2.16: compare the Doppler shift effect for sound and light and point out examples of its occurrences and applications.
CP.2.17: diagram image location involving plane and spherical mirrors, concave and convex lenses.
CP.2.18: illustrate the applications of colored lights and pigments.
CP.2.20: analyze simple direct current circuits using Ohm?s Law.
PII.2.1: apply graphical analysis to interpret motion in terms of position, velocity, acceleration, and time.
PII.2.3: experimentally verify laws of motion including Newton?s Laws, Conservation of Momentum (linear and angular), and Conservation of Energy.
PII.2.4: using knowledge of linear motion equations, synthesize concepts of rotational motion (e.g., angular speed and acceleration, centripetal acceleration, Newtonian gravitation, Kepler?s Laws, torque).
PII.2.6: interpret and apply concepts of thermal physics (e.g., distinction of heat and temperature, thermal expansion, properties of Ideal Gases, Kinetic Theory, specific heat, and energy transfer).
PII.2.7: deduce the relative values of electric force and field strength based on the magnitude of and the distance from the point charge (e.g., Coulomb?s Law and inverse square law).
PII.2.8: construct, diagram and evaluate complex electrical circuits.
PII.2.10: critique electromagnetic induction and evaluate its application to electric circuits and various devices.
PII.2.12: apply knowledge of simple harmonic motion (e.g., springs, pendulums and other oscillating objects) to calculate the kinetic and potential energies of the oscillating system.
PII.2.13: examine wave properties and their interactions (e.g., reflection, refraction, dispersion, total internal deflection, interference, diffraction, Doppler Shift, beats, and polarization).
PII.2.14: evaluate the application of wave properties to the development of optical and acoustical devices.
PII.2.16: examine evidence for the historical development of the quantum mechanical theory (e.g., Planck?s blackbody radiation, Einstein?s photoelectric effect, deBroglie?s duality).
PII.2.17: calculate an atom?s binding energy as related to Einstein?s special theory of relativity, and interpret the nuclear forces present.
PII.2.18: differentiate between stable and unstable nuclei, and if the nucleus is unstable predict the type(s) of nuclear decay.
Correlation last revised: 3/29/2010