Grade Level Articulations
4.1.PO 2: Compare the form and function of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells and their cellular components.
4.1.PO 3: Explain the importance of water to cells.
4.1.PO 4: Analyze mechanisms of transport of materials (e.g., water, ions, macromolecules) into and out of cells:
4.1.PO 4.a: passive transport
4.1.PO 4.b: active transport
4.1.PO 5: Describe the purposes and processes of cellular reproduction.
4.2.PO 1: Analyze the relationships among nucleic acids (DNA, RNA), genes, and chromosomes.
4.3.PO 1: Identify the relationships among organisms within populations, communities, ecosystems, and biomes.
4.3.PO 3: Assess how the size and the rate of growth of a population are determined by birth rate, death rate, immigration, emigration, and carrying capacity of the environment.
4.4.PO 1: Identify the following components of natural selection, which can lead to speciation:
4.4.PO 1.b: genetic variability and inheritance of offspring due to mutation and recombination of genes
4.4.PO 1.c: finite supply of resources required for life
4.4.PO 1.d: selection by the environment of those offspring better able to survive and produce offspring
4.4.PO 2: Explain how genotypic and phenotypic variation can result in adaptations that influence an organism’s success in an environment.
4.4.PO 3: Describe how the continuing operation of natural selection underlies a population’s ability to adapt to changes in the environment and leads to biodiversity and the origin of new species.
4.4.PO 4: Predict how a change in an environmental factor (e.g., rainfall, habitat loss, non-native species) can affect the number and diversity of species in an ecosystem.
4.4.PO 6: Analyze, using a biological classification system (i.e., cladistics, phylogeny, morphology, DNA analysis), the degree of relatedness among various species.
4.5.PO 1: Compare the processes of photosynthesis and cellular respiration in terms of energy flow, reactants, and products.
4.5.PO 2: Describe the role of organic and inorganic chemicals (e.g., carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, nucleic acids, water, ATP) important to living things.
4.5.PO 3: Diagram the following biogeochemical cycles in an ecosystem:
4.5.PO 3.b: carbon
4.5.PO 4: Diagram the energy flow in an ecosystem through a food chain.
4.5.PO 5: Describe the levels of organization of living things from cells, through tissues, organs, organ systems, organisms, populations, and communities to ecosystems.
5.1.PO 1: Describe substances based on their physical properties.
5.1.PO 3: Predict properties of elements and compounds using trends of the periodic table (e.g., metals, non-metals, bonding – ionic/covalent).
5.1.PO 6: Describe the following features and components of the atom:
5.1.PO 6.a: protons
5.1.PO 6.b: neutrons
5.1.PO 6.c: electrons
5.1.PO 6.e: number and type of particles
5.1.PO 6.f: structure
5.1.PO 6.g: organization
5.1.PO 7: Describe the historical development of models of the atom.
5.1.PO 8: Explain the details of atomic structure (e.g., electron configuration, energy levels, isotopes).
5.2.PO 2: Analyze the relationships among position, velocity, acceleration, and time:
5.2.PO 2.a: graphically
5.2.PO 2.b: mathematically
5.2.PO 3: Explain how Newton’s 1st Law applies to objects at rest or moving at constant velocity.
5.2.PO 4: Using Newton's 2nd Law of Motion, analyze the relationships among the net force acting on a body, the mass of the body, and the resulting acceleration:
5.2.PO 4.a: graphically
5.2.PO 4.b: mathematically
5.2.PO 5: Use Newton’s 3rd Law to explain forces as interactions between bodies (e.g., a table pushing up on a vase that is pushing down on it; an athlete pushing on a basketball as the ball pushes back on her).
5.2.PO 6: Analyze the two-dimensional motion of objects by using vectors and their components.
5.2.PO 7: Give an example that shows the independence of the horizontal and vertical components of projectile motion.
5.2.PO 8: Analyze the general relationships among force, acceleration, and motion for an object undergoing uniform circular motion.
5.2.PO 10: Describe the nature and magnitude of frictional forces.
5.2.PO 11: Using the Law of Universal Gravitation, predict how the gravitational force will change when the distance between two masses changes or the mass of one of them changes.
5.2.PO 12: Using Coulomb’s Law, predict how the electrical force will change when the distance between two point charges changes or the charge of one of them changes.
5.3.PO 2: Describe various ways in which energy is transferred from one system to another (e.g., mechanical contact, thermal conduction, electromagnetic radiation.)
5.3.PO 3: Recognize that energy is conserved in a closed system.
5.3.PO 4: Calculate quantitative relationships associated with the conservation of energy.
5.3.PO 6: Distinguish between heat and temperature.
5.3.PO 7: Explain how molecular motion is related to temperature and phase changes.
5.4.PO 1: Apply the law of conservation of matter to changes in a system.
5.4.PO 2: Identify the indicators of chemical change, including formation of a precipitate, evolution of a gas, color change, absorption or release of heat energy.
5.4.PO 3: Represent a chemical reaction by using a balanced equation.
5.4.PO 4: Distinguish among the types of bonds (i.e., ionic, covalent, metallic, hydrogen bonding).
5.4.PO 6: Solve problems involving such quantities as moles, mass, molecules, volume of a gas, and molarity using the mole concept and Avogadro’s number.
5.4.PO 7: Predict the properties (e.g., melting point, boiling point, conductivity) of substances based upon bond type.
5.4.PO 8: Quantify the relationships between reactants and products in chemical reactions (e.g., stoichiometry, equilibrium, energy transfers).
5.4.PO 9: Predict the products of a chemical reaction using types of reactions (e.g., synthesis, decomposition, replacement, combustion).
5.4.PO 11: Predict the effect of various factors (e.g., temperature, concentration, pressure, catalyst) on the equilibrium state and on the rates of chemical reaction.
5.4.PO 12: Compare the nature, behavior, concentration, and strengths of acids and bases.
5.5.PO 1: Describe various ways in which matter and energy interact (e.g., photosynthesis, phase change).
5.5.PO 2: Describe the following characteristics of waves:
5.5.PO 2.a: wavelength
5.5.PO 2.b: frequency
5.5.PO 2.c: period
5.5.PO 2.d: amplitude
5.5.PO 4: Describe the basic assumptions of kinetic molecular theory.
5.5.PO 5: Apply kinetic molecular theory to the behavior of matter (e.g., gas laws).
5.5.PO 6: Analyze calorimetric measurements in simple systems and the energy involved in changes of state.
6.1.PO 1: Identify ways materials are cycled within the earth system (i.e., carbon cycle, water cycle, rock cycle).
6.1.PO 4: Demonstrate how the hydrosphere links the biosphere, lithosphere, cryosphere, and atmosphere.
6.2.PO 1: Describe the flow of energy to and from the Earth.
6.2.PO 5: Demonstrate the relationships among earthquakes, volcanoes, mountain ranges, mid-oceanic ridges, deep sea trenches, and tectonic plates.
6.2.PO 6: Distinguish among seismic S, P, and surface waves.
6.2.PO 9: Explain the effect of heat transfer on climate and weather.
6.2.PO 11: Describe the origin, life cycle, and behavior of weather systems (i.e., air mass, front, high and low systems, pressure gradients).
6.2.PO 12: Describe the conditions that cause severe weather (e.g., hurricanes, tornadoes, thunderstorms).
6.2.PO 15: List the factors that determine climate (e.g., altitude, latitude, water bodies, precipitation, prevailing winds, topography).
6.2.PO 16: Explain the causes and/or effects of climate changes over long periods of time (e.g., glaciation, desertification, solar activity, greenhouse effect).
6.2.PO 17: Investigate the effects of acid rain, smoke, volcanic dust, urban development, and greenhouse gases, on climate change over various periods of time.
6.3.PO 3: Explain the phases of the Moon, eclipses (lunar and solar), and the interaction of the Sun, Moon, and Earth (tidal effect).
6.3.PO 9: Analyze patterns in the fossil record related to the theory of organic evolution.
6.4.PO 3: Analyze the evolution of various types of stars using the Hertzsprung-Russell (HR) diagram.
Correlation last revised: 1/23/2020