Standards and Objectives
AB.4.1: review foundational chemical concepts including atomic structure, bonding, chemical reactions, water and pH as they relate to living systems.
AB.4.3: identify the structure, functions, and interactions of eukaryotic cell organelles and their products.
AB.4.4: analyze the chemistry and structure of the cell membrane as it relates to import and export of molecules necessary for life, exploring osmosis, diffusion, active and passive transport and dialysis.
AB.4.5: research the diversity/uniqueness of cell types (compare differences in prokaryotic/eukaryotic, plant/animal cells; explore nerve cells, blood cells, gametes, etc.).
AB.4.6: explore capture and release of energy as demonstrated by photosynthesis, cellular respiration, fermentation, and the role of coenzymes and vitamins.
AB.4.7: investigate and discuss homeostasis.
AB.4.9: identify the stages of mitotic and meiotic eukaryotic cell division and explain significance of the stages.
AB.4.11: investigate and discuss the importance of replication and mutation in the diversity of life.
AB.4.12: evaluate the advantages of asexual and sexual reproduction.
AB.4.13: identify Mendel’s 1st Law and 2nd Law of Genetics and apply these laws to predict phenotypic and genotypic ratios from mono and dihybrid crosses.
AB.4.14: explore basic phenotypic and genotypic genetics beyond Mendel including such things as incomplete dominance, gene interaction, codominance, multi-alleles, crossing over, genetic recombination; and influences of environment, development, sex and age.
AB.4.15: identify the function of DNA in replication and transfer of the genetic code.
AB.4.16: identify the function of the RNAs; messenger, transfer and ribosomal in the transcription and translation process of protein formation.
AB.4.18: discuss the regulatory process in controlling gene function.
AB.4.20: discuss gene mutations.
AB.4.21: discuss evidence of evolution and natural selection, including examples such as peppered moth, fossil records, biogeography, molecular biology and comparative anatomy.
AB.4.22: investigate and discuss that behavioral response is a set of actions determined in part by heredity and in part from experience.
AB.4.23: research pioneers and current authors of evolutionary ideas.
AB.4.25: discuss reasons why viruses are not included in the modern classification system.
AB.4.27: investigate and discuss responses of organisms to internal and environmental stimuli.
AB.4.28: investigate and discuss that extinction of a species occurs when the environment changes and the adaptive characteristics of a species are insufficient to allow its survival.
AB.4.29: investigate and discuss ecology as the interaction of living organisms and their nonliving environment.
AB.4.30: trace the energy flow through an ecosystem.
AB.4.31: investigate and discuss that the number of organisms any environment can support depends on the resources available.
BTC.4.1: trace matter and energy transfers occurring during photosynthesis, cell respiration, and fermentation.
BTC.4.2: explore material transport in and out of cells (e.g., diffusion and osmosis).
BTC.4.3: investigate the nature of light in relation to energy transformation in photosynthesis.
BTC.4.4: compare and describe the properties of sound waves and how they affect organisms (e.g., sound pollution, sonography, echolocation and animal vocalization).
BTC.4.6: review of foundational chemical concepts including atomic structure, bonding, chemical reactions, water and pH as they relate to living systems.
BTC.4.8: estimate molecular weight through the diffusion of biological stains.
BTC.4.9: explain common problems related to conservation, use, supply and quality of water.
BTC.4.13: use topographic maps and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to investigate biological systems and patterns (e.g., land use).
BTC.4.14: examine global change over time (e.g., climatic trends, fossil fuel depletion, global warming, ozone depletion).
BTC.4.17: investigate variations in ecosystem productivity.
BTC.4.18: investigate population biology.
BTC.4.23: review the structure and function of cell membranes.
BTC.4.24: review DNA as it relates to mitosis, meiosis and protein synthesis.
BTC.4.25: review basic genetics including incomplete dominance, gene interactions, co-dominance, multiple-alleles, crossing over, genetic recombinations, environmental influences, development, sex and age
BTC.4.26: analyze karyotypes and pedigrees as diagnostic tools.
BTC.4.29: compare and contrast hydrophytic, mesophytic and xerophytic plants.
BTC.4.30: investigate the diversity of plants, their habitat, transport system, reproduction and life cycle.
BTC.4.33: research and evaluate the importance of cultivated and wild plants to human society, economics and the environment.
HAP.4.3: review of foundational chemical concepts including atomic structure, bonding, chemical reactions, water and pH as they relate to living systems.
HAP.4.5: identify the role of DNA in transcription and relate to types of RNA and protein synthesis.
HAP.4.6: identify the structure, functions and interactions of eukaryotic cell organelles and their products.
HAP.4.24: compare and contrast the purposes, processes and outcomes of cellular meiosis and mitosis.
HAP.4.26: analyze the change in DNA activity and how it affects the control of protein synthesis and human inheritance.
HAP.4.27: relate Mendel’s laws of inheritance and DNA to genetic diseases such as sickle-cell anemia, chromosomal abnormalities, Tay-Sachs disease, Huntington’s disease, etc.
HAP.4.28: identify the cellular processes and the energy and nutritional requirements needed to maintain human metabolism.
HAP.4.29: illustrate how transport mechanisms in cells, tissues and/or organs depend on osmosis and mixture gradients.
HAP.4.31: explain how structures of the respiratory system are significant to communication, gas exchange and cellular respiration.
HAP.4.35: describe potential system failures in the human body due to genetic, nutritional, operational, disease, or environmental influences.
HAP.4.38: identify disorders related to each major system.
AC.4.1: review the classification of matter using the periodic table; the use the kinetic molecular theory to explain physical states of matter; physical and chemical properties; and physical and chemical changes.
AC.4.2: review Bohr model of the atom and calculation of subatomic particles - protons, neutrons, and electrons.
AC.4.3: research and evaluate the contributions of Dalton, Planck, Bohr, Einstein, and de Broglie, Heisenberg, and Schrodinger to the evolution of the atomic theory.
AC.4.4: identify four types of electron clouds (s, p, d, f) and describe the quantum number (n, l, m, s) for electrons.
AC.4.5: write electron configurations and associate electron configuration of elements with element location on periodic table.
AC.4.6: write electron dot structures for representative elements.
AC.4.7: predict the formulas of ionic compounds and molecular compounds.
AC.4.8: analyze the periodic table to predict trends in atomic size, ionic size, electronegativity, ionization energy and electron affinity.
AC.4.11: recognize simple organic functional groups and name simple organic compounds.
AC.4.12: predict the products and write balanced equations for the general types of chemical reactions.
AC.4.13: use dimensional analysis to perform unit conversions and to verify experimental calculations.
AC.4.14: use the Avogadro constant to define the mole and to calculate molecular and molar mass as well as a molar volume.
AC.4.15: perform calculations using the combined and ideal gas laws.
AC.4.18: perform stoichiometric calculations including mass-mass, mass-volume, volume-volume including problems to determine theoretical yield and to identify the limiting reactant.
AC.4.19: experimentally determine the factors that influence the rate of reaction.
AC.4.20: apply LeChatelier’s principle to explain the effect of changes in concentration, pressure, volume, and temperature on an equilibrium system.
AC.4.21: review colligative properties.
AC.4.23: predict the products upon adding water to both acidic and basic anhydrides.
AC.4.24: write and balance net ionic equations.
AC.4.25: solve problems using the solubility product constants.
AC.4.26: calculate the pH and/or pOH for various solutions and relate to the pH scale.
AC.4.32: write balanced nuclear equations and make predications using half-life values.
AC.4.35: research the application of nuclear technology.
CTC.4.1: review the classification of matter and the properties of metals and nonmetals.
CTC.4.2: identify sources and uses of elements.
CTC.4.3: use the kinetic molecular theory to explain physical states of matter.
CTC.4.4: perform calculations using the gas laws.
CTC.4.6: review the parts of the atom.
CTC.4.7: review the relationship of an element’s group and period position with its properties.
CTC.4.8: compare atomic and ionic electronic structures.
CTC.4.9: review formula writing and ionic and covalent bonding.
CTC.4.11: predict solute solubility based on molecular polarity.
CTC.4.12: review balancing equations.
CTC.4.13: use dimensional analysis to perform unit conversions and to verify experimental calculations.
CTC.4.14: relate the mole concept to chemical formulas.
CTC.4.15: use moles to measure chemical quantities.
CTC.4.17: make connections between resource conservation and the Law of Conservation of Matter.
CTC.4.18: illustrate the concept of a limiting reagent.
CTC.4.19: review solution properties (e.g., solubility, conductivity, density, pH and colligative).
CTC.4.21: perform solutions concentration calculations (e.g., molarity, ppm).
CTC.4.22: compare and contrast the properties of strong and weak acids and bases.
CTC.4.26: review temperature and heat.
CTC.4.28: predict the effect of temperature and catalysts on reaction rates.
CTC.4.31: relate the properties of organic compounds to their functional groups (e.g., alcohol and esters).
CTC.4.36: balance simple nuclear equations.
CTC.4.37: explain practical applications of nuclear technology (e.g., radioactive dating, radioisotopes in medicine).
AES.4.1: review foundational earth science concepts including rocks and minerals, properties of waves, constructing and interpreting weather maps, surface features found on maps, climatic relationships to biomes, use of data gathering instruments, temperature-phase change relationships.
AES.4.8: investigate and explain the processes of the rock cycle.
AES.4.9: explain the relationship between pressure and temperature to the formation and reformation of rocks.
AES.4.11: identify and describe tectonic forces relating to internal energy production and convection currents.
AES.4.12: understand the cause and effect relationships of degradational and tectonic forces with respect to the dynamic earth and its surface (e.g., volcanoes, earthquakes).
AES.4.13: construct and/or interpret information on topographic maps.
AES.4.18: investigate and explain, heat transfer in the atmosphere and its relationship to meteorological processes (e.g., pressure, winds, evaporation, condensation, and precipitation).
AES.4.19: predict the effects of ocean currents on climate.
AES.4.20: compare and contrast meteorological processes related to air masses, weather systems, and forecasting.
AES.4.21: examine global change over time (e.g., climatic trends, fossil fuel depletion, global warming, ozone depletion).
AES.4.23: apply Newton’s Law of Universal Gravitation to the motion of celestial objects.
AES.4.24: investigate the solar system including origin theories, comparing and contrasting the planets, planetary motions, and other celestial bodies.
AES.4.26: explain the relationships between location, navigation and time.
AES.4.30: explore the relationships between human consumption of natural resources and the stewardship responsibility for reclamations including disposal of hazardous and nonhazardous waste.
AES.4.32: explain common problems related to the conservation, use, supply and the quality of water.
AES.4.37: investigate which federal and state agencies have responsibility for environmental monitoring and actions.
AES.4.38: develop decision-making skills with respect to addressing environmental problems.
AP.4.1: review Newton’s Laws of Motion.
AP.4.2: using both given information and laboratory collected data, calculate velocity and acceleration along linear and circular paths.
AP.4.3: solve multi-step problems involving velocity, acceleration and net force.
AP.4.4: apply both graphical, algebraic, and trigonometric solutions to vector, problems involving two or more vectors; calculate both vector components and resultants including projectile motion in both one and two dimensions.
AP.4.5: apply the concepts of potential and kinetic energy to final velocity of an object-independent of path; evaluate the conservation of energy and momentum in simple harmonic motion.
AP.4.6: investigate and calculate the work, energy, power, mechanical advantage, and efficiency using simple machines involving linear and rotational motion.
AP.4.7: define fluids and determine the magnitude of buoyant force exerted on floating and submerged objects; explain why some objects float or sink.
AP.4.10: define the general properties of an ideal gas; apply the Ideal Gas Law to predict the properties of an ideal gas under different conditions.
AP.4.11: distinguish between temperature and heat; relate these to kinetic energy and internal energy of matter; apply the principle of conservation of energy to calculate changes in potential, kinetic and internal energy.
AP.4.12: investigate and apply concepts of specific heat, heat of fusion and vaporization to calculate phase changes of materials, and perform calculations using the specific heat equation; interpret phase diagrams.
AP.4.13: investigate and apply the reflective, refractive and diffractive properties of waves to study mechanical and electromagnetic waves.
AP.4.14: relate the wavelength, velocity and frequency of waves with the equation velocity=frequency x wavelength and use it to perform calculations.
AP.4.15: analyze the properties of sound waves and perform appropriate calculations; relate the physical properties of sound waves to the way sound is perceived.
AP.4.16: define Doppler shift and identify applications.
AP.4.17: apply ray optics diagrams to lenses and mirrors, use the lens/mirror equation and the magnification equation to solve optics problems.
AP.4.20: recognize the basic properties of electrical charge, charging by conduction and induction, and differentiate between conductors and insulators; calculate electrical force using Coulomb’s law.
AP.4.21: recognize that circuits are closed loops; define units of electrical measure.
AP.4.22: construct and analyze electrical circuits and calculate Ohm’s law problems for series, parallel and complex circuits including voltage drops; calculate power and energy in electrical systems.
AP.4.23: describe the orbital relationships within the solar system; apply Kepler’s Laws to calculate orbital periods.
AP.4.24: apply Newton’s law of Universal Gravitation to derive relationships to calculate acceleration of gravity on other planets and orbital velocities.
AP.4.27: describe nuclear reactions and discuss applications of nuclear energy.
PTC.4.1: qualitatively and quantitatively analyze mechanical systems (e.g., force, work, rate, resistance, energy, power, force transformations).
PTC.4.2: use both given information and lab collected data to calculate velocity and acceleration along linear and circular paths.
PTC.4.3: draw free body diagrams to illustrate the forces acting on objects and perform simple calculations involving velocity, acceleration and net force; research the applications of force and acceleration in modern design and technology.
PTC.4.4: apply graphical and algebraic solutions to vector problems.
PTC.4.5: identify the relationship between potential energy and kinetic energy in gravitational and elastic potential/kinetic energy systems; recognize the conservation of energy in simple harmonic motion.
PTC.4.6: calculate work, energy, power and efficiency in mechanical systems.
PTC.4.7: construct models and/or working systems that show applications of technology to solve problems involving mechanical systems.
PTC.4.8: qualitatively and quantitatively analyze fluid systems (e.g., pressure, work, rate, resistance, energy, power, force transformations).
PTC.4.9: identify and apply the properties of solids, liquids and gases to explain their behavior at different pressures and temperatures.
PTC.4.10: identify and apply Bernoulli’s principle to floating objects; identify the buoyant force acting on floating and submerged objects.
PTC.4.15: define specific heat capacity; use the specific heat equation to calculate heat gained or lost during phase changes and heat lost when objects cool.
PTC.4.16: investigate and analyze the different rates of heat transfer by different materials.
PTC.4.17: construct models and/or working systems that show applications of technology to solve problems involving heat flow and heat exchange.
PTC.4.18: investigate and apply the reflective, refractive and diffractive properties of waves to study mechanical and electromagnetic waves.
PTC.4.19: use the relationship between wavelength, velocity and frequency to calculate the speed of waves; recognize that the speed of light is a constant.
PTC.4.20: construct models and/or working systems that show applications of technology to solve problems involving energy transfer by wave motion.
PTC.4.22: qualitatively and quantitatively analyze electrical systems (e.g., voltage, work, rate, resistance, energy, power, force transformations).
PTC.4.24: draw and construct electrical circuits; apply Ohm’s law to calculate voltage drops in series and parallel circuits.
PTC.4.27: recognize the products of nuclear decay and write decay chain equations.
Correlation last revised: 10/24/2008