### 1: The student understands and applies the concepts and procedures of mathematics.

#### 1.1: Understand and apply concepts and procedures from number sense.

1.1.1: Understand the concept of rational numbers including whole number powers and square roots of square numbers.

1.1.1.c: Identify a square number and find its root.

1.1.1.d: Identify different representations of rational numbers and select the best representation in the situation (e.g., percent for sales discount or sales tax, fraction for probability, and decimals for money, distance [4.35 kilometers], batting averages).

1.1.2: Understand the relative values of rational numbers including whole number powers and square roots of square numbers.

1.1.2.a: Compare and order rational numbers using models or implementing strategies.

1.1.2.b: Order different representations of rational numbers.

1.1.2.c: Place symbolic representations of rational numbers on a number line including whole number powers and square roots of square numbers.

1.1.4: Apply ratio, percent, and direct proportion in situations.

1.1.4.a: Solve problems involving ratio and proportion (e.g., similar figures, scale drawings, rates, find unit pricing, increase or decrease a recipe, find the portions for a group converting between different units of measure, or finding medicinal dosages).

1.1.4.b: Solve problems involving percentages (e.g., percent increase/decrease, tax, commission, discount).

1.1.4.c: Explain advantages and disadvantages of different representations of ratios or percents in a given situation (e.g., using 1/8 versus 12 1/2 %).

1.1.4.d: Determine an unknown value for a dimension or a number of events or objects using ratio or proportion.

1.1.4.e: Complete a proportion in a situation.

1.1.5: Understand the meaning of operations on rational numbers (including square roots of square numbers and whole number powers).

1.1.5.c: Demonstrate or describe the meaning of multiplication and division of integers using words, visual, or physical models.

1.1.5.d: Create a problem situation involving multiplication or division of integers.

1.1.5.e: Explain solutions when dividing by fractions (e.g., when dividing by a number between 0 and 1, the result is larger than the dividend).

1.1.6: Apply computational procedures with fluency on rational numbers including whole number powers and square roots of square numbers.

1.1.6.a: Compute with rational numbers using order of operations.

1.1.6.b: Compute fluently with rational numbers in all forms except exponential.

1.1.6.c: Write and solve problems that involve computation with rational numbers.

1.1.6.d: Solve problems using rational numbers with whole number powers.

1.1.7: Understand and apply strategies and tools to complete tasks involving computation on rational numbers.

1.1.7.d: Use calculators to compute square roots of perfect squares greater than 100.

1.1.8: Apply estimation strategies to predict or determine the reasonableness of answers in situations involving computation on rational numbers in any form including whole number powers and square roots of square numbers.

1.1.8.d: Describe various strategies used during estimation involving integers.

#### 1.2: Understand and apply concepts and procedures from measurement.

1.2.1: Analyze how a change in a linear dimension affects volume and surface area of rectangular prisms and right cylinders.

1.2.1.a: Compare the impact that a change in one dimension has on volume and surface area in right cylinders and rectangular prisms.

1.2.1.b: Describe the relationships among linear dimensions, volume, and surface area (e.g., changing the length of a side affects the surface area and volume).

1.2.1.c: Solve problems involving the effects of changes in one dimension on area (e.g., given a box with certain dimensions, make the volume of the box y cubic units by changing only one dimension of the box).

1.2.2: Understand and apply derived units of measurement.

1.2.2.a: Explain the concept of a rate.

1.2.2.c: Find a rate of change in a situation (e.g., increase per year in stamp cost) and label the results.

1.2.2.e: Use rate to determine a measured outcome.

1.2.3: Understand why different situations require different levels of precision.

1.2.3.b: Justify the use of a unit of measure (e.g., measuring to order fencing requires a different precision than if one is selling land and needs to be precise about borders).

1.2.3.c: Compare situations for the level of precision needed.

1.2.3.d: Explain and give examples of situations that require more and less precision.

1.2.5: Understand and apply formulas including the Pythagorean Theorem to right prisms, right cylinders, and triangles.

1.2.5.a: Explain how to use a formula for finding the surface area and volume of a solid.

1.2.5.b: Find missing sides or area of right triangles (e.g., use the Pythagorean Theorem to find any of the missing values).

1.2.5.c: Calculate measures of objects for which no direct information is given (e.g., apply ratio, proportion, and scale to determine the area, surface area, and/or volume of a similar figure or solid).

1.2.5.d: Compare surface areas of shapes with given volumes (e.g., compare cost of material to make various right cylinder and right prism containers with a given volume).

1.2.6: Apply strategies to obtain reasonable estimates of volume and surface area measurements for right cylinders, right prisms, and of the lengths of sides of right triangles.

1.2.6.a: Estimate volume and surface area for right cylinders and right prisms.

1.2.6.b: Estimate the length of the remaining side of a right triangle given the lengths of two sides.

1.2.6.c: Approximate distance or height in a problem situation using similar triangles or Pythagorean relationships (e.g., height of a flagpole using proportional reasoning, distance across a lake using Pythagorean relationship).

#### 1.3: Understand and apply concepts and procedures from geometric sense.

1.3.1: Apply understanding of characteristics and relationships among onedimensional, two-dimensional, and three-dimensional figures to solve problems.

1.3.1.b: Match or draw three-dimensional objects from different perspectives using the same properties and relationships (e.g., match to the correct net, draw the top view).

1.3.1.c: Draw and label with names and symbols, nets of prisms, and cylinders.

1.3.1.d: Describe everyday objects in terms of their geometric characteristics.

1.3.1.e: Identify the two-dimensional components of three-dimensional figures.

1.3.2: Apply understanding of similarity to two-dimensional figures.

1.3.2.a: Use properties of similarity to draw, describe, and compare two-dimensional figures.

1.3.2.b: Find the length of a missing side or the measure of a missing angle of one of the figures, given two similar figures.

1.3.2.c: Create symmetrical, congruent, or similar figures using a variety of tools (e.g., ruler, pattern blocks, geoboards).

1.3.2.d: Draw a similar shape to a given shape.

1.3.2.e: Use properties of circles, cylinders, and figures with rotational symmetry to compare figures.

1.3.2.f: Create a scale drawing and label the scale and the dimensions.

1.3.3: Understand and apply procedures to find distance between points in twodimensional representations.

1.3.3.a: Locate a missing vertex given the coordinates of the vertices of a regular polygon.

1.3.3.b: Apply the Pythagorean Theorem to find the length of a side of a right triangle or distance between two points.

1.3.3.c: Explain a method for finding the missing side of a triangle in a real-world setting (e.g., the height of a totem pole or building).

1.3.3.d: Describe the relationship of any two or more points on a coordinate grid.

1.3.3.e: Find the distance between two points on a coordinate grid including lines that are non-parallel with either axis (oblique).

1.3.4: Understand and apply transformations to figures.

1.3.4.a: Identify and explain how a shape has been translated, reflected, or rotated with or without a grid (e.g., location of the North Star, rotate the Big Dipper).

1.3.4.b: Use transformations (rotations, reflections, and translations) to draw or locate congruent two-dimensional figures.

1.3.4.e: Create a design using a combination of two or more transformations with one or two two-dimensional figures.

#### 1.4: Understand and apply concepts and procedures from probability and statistics.

1.4.1: Understand the concept of compound events.

1.4.1.a: Determine and explain when events are compound.

1.4.1.b: Explain the difference between compound events involving ‘and’ and ‘or’ (e.g., rolling a six and rolling an odd number vs. rolling a six or rolling an odd number).

1.4.2: Understand and apply the procedures for comparing theoretical probability and empirical results for independent or compound events.

1.4.2.a: Calculate the probability of two independent events occurring simultaneously using various methods (e.g., organized list, tree diagram, counting procedures, and area model).

1.4.2.b: Explain the relationship between theoretical and empirical probability of compound events.

1.4.2.c: Predict the probability of outcomes of experiments and compare the predictions to empirical results.

1.4.2.d: Design or create a situation that would produce a given probability (e.g., how many of each colored marble would it take to have a given probability of selecting one particular color?).

1.4.2.e: Design a game using compound probabilities with equal chances of winning for all players.

1.4.3: Analyze how different samples of a population affect the data.

1.4.3.b: Describe a procedure for selecting an unbiased sample.

1.4.3.c: Compare the results of a survey given two different sample groups.

1.4.4: Analyze variations in data to determine the effect on the measures of central tendency.

1.4.4.a: Identify clusters and outliers and determine how clusters or outliers may affect measures of central tendency.

1.4.4.b: Alter a set of data so that the median is a more reasonable measure than the mean.

1.4.4.c: Use and interpret the most appropriate measure of central tendency and the range to describe a given set of data (e.g., the model hourly wage earned by eighth graders is \$5.75 per hour and the range is \$5.00 to \$6.50; therefore, there are very small differences in hourly wages for eighth graders).

1.4.5: Understand and apply data techniques to interpret bivariate data.

1.4.5.d: Draw trend lines with or without technology and make predictions about realworld situations (e.g., population trends, socio-economic trends).

1.4.5.f: Use observations about differences between two or more samples to make conjectures about the populations from which the samples were taken (e.g., age groups, regions of the U.S., genders, racial/ethnic distributions).

1.4.6: Evaluate how statistics and graphic displays can be used to support different points of view.

1.4.6.a: Critique the use of data and data displays for bivariate data.

1.4.6.c: Determine whether a prediction is reasonable based on a trend line and explain the rationale.

#### 1.5: Understand and apply concepts and procedures from algebraic sense.

1.5.1: Apply understanding of linear and nonlinear relationships to analyze patterns, sequences, and situations.

1.5.1.a: Extend, represent, or create linear and non-linear patterns and sequences using tables and graphs.

1.5.1.b: Explain the difference between linear and non-linear relationships.

1.5.1.c: Predict an outcome given a linear relationship (e.g., from a graph of profit projections, predict the profit).

1.5.1.d: Use technology to generate linear and non-linear relationship.

1.5.2: Analyze a pattern, table, graph, or situation to develop a rule.

1.5.2.a: Use technology to help develop a table or graph from an iterative definition (e.g., the number of cells doubles every hour starting with one cell at noon).

1.5.2.b: Explain the nature of changes in quantities in linear relationships using graphs, tables, or expressions.

1.5.2.c: Develop recursive equations that describe linear relations in terms of current and previous values (e.g., start = 7; Current = Previous + 5 would give a set of values (1,7),(2,12), (3,17) ...).

1.5.2.d: Use words or algebraic symbols to describe a rule for a linear relationship between two sets of numbers (e.g., given a table, describe a rule).

1.5.3: Understand relationships between quantities including whole number exponents, square roots, and absolute value.

1.5.3.b: Explain the placement of numbers including square roots and exponents on a number line.

1.5.3.c: Model or describe a real-life situation using absolute value (e.g., the taxi-cab distance from one point to another can be represented by the sum of two absolute values).

1.5.3.d: Use relational symbols to express relationships between rational numbers including percents, square roots, absolute value, and exponents.

1.5.4: Apply understanding of concepts of algebra to represent situations involving single-variable relationships.

1.5.4.a: Represent variable quantities through expressions, linear equations, inequalities, tables, and graphs of situations.

1.5.4.b: Write an expression, equation, or inequality with a single variable representing a situation or real-world problem.

1.5.4.c: Identify and use variables to read and write relationships involving rational numbers.

1.5.4.d: Model a given description or situation involving relationships with a graph or table.

1.5.4.e: Describe a situation involving relationships that matches a given graph.

1.5.4.f: Create a table or graph given a description of, or an expression for, a situation involving a linear or non-linear relationship.

1.5.5: Understand and apply the procedures for simplifying single-variable expressions.

1.5.5.a: Simplify expressions and evaluate formulas involving integers.

1.5.6: Understand and apply a variety of strategies to solve multi-step equations and one-step inequalities with one variable.

1.5.6.a: Solve multi-step equations and one-step inequalities with one variable.

1.5.6.b: Solve single variable equations involving parentheses, like terms, or variables on both sides of the equal sign.

1.5.6.c: Solve one-step inequalities (e.g., 2x < 6, x + 4 > 10).

1.5.6.d: Solve real-world situations involving single variable equations and proportional relationships and verify that the solution is reasonable for the problem.

### 3: The student uses mathematical reasoning.

#### 3.1: Analyze information.

3.1.1: Analyze information from a variety of sources to interpret and compare information.

3.1.1.a: Predict the probability of outcomes of experiments and compare the prediction to empirical results.

3.1.1.b: Predict an outcome given a linear relationship and a particular input (e.g., from a graph of profit projections, predict the profit in 2005).

#### 3.2: Make predictions, inferences, conjectures, and draw conclusions.

3.2.2: Apply the skills of drawing conclusions and support those conclusions using evidence.

3.2.2.a: Draw conclusions from displays, texts, or oral discussions and justify those conclusions with logical reasoning or other evidence (e.g., read an editorial or ad, draw a conclusion and support that conclusion with evidence in the article or elsewhere).

#### 3.3: Verify results.

3.3.2: Analyze thinking and mathematical ideas using models, known facts, patterns, relationships, or counter examples.

3.3.2.a: Explain why a given rational number is greater than or less than another rational number.

### 4: The student communicates knowledge and understanding in both everyday and mathematical language.

#### 4.1: Gather information.

4.1.2: Synthesize information from multiple sources using reading, listening, and observation.

4.1.2.b: Model the relationship with a table or graph given a description of, or an equation for, a situation involving an inequality or linear relationship.

#### 4.2: Organize, represent, and share information.

4.2.1: Apply organizational skills for a given purpose.

4.2.1.a: Design and conduct a simulation, with and without technology, to determine the probability of an event occurring.

4.2.2: Apply communication skills to clearly and effectively express or present ideas and situations using mathematical language or notation.

4.2.2.a: Articulate various strategies used during estimation involving integers.

### 5: The student understands how mathematical ideas connect within mathematics, to other subject areas, and to real-life situations.

#### 5.1: Relate concepts and procedures within mathematics.

5.1.1: Apply concepts and procedures from a variety of mathematical areas in a given problem or situation.

5.1.1.a: Solve problems involving ratio and proportion (e.g., similar figures, scale drawings, rates, find unit pricing, increase or decrease a recipe, find the portions for a group converting between different units of measure, or finding medicinal dosages).

5.1.1.b: Find the area of a circle given the coordinates of the center and a point on the circle.

#### 5.2: Relate mathematical concepts procedures to other disciplines.

5.2.1: Analyze mathematical patterns and ideas to extend mathematical thinking and modeling to other disciplines.

5.2.1.b: Check to see if a corner is square using the Pythagorean Theorem.

Correlation last revised: 11/13/2008

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