7.1: Forces are Interactions Between Matter

7.1.1: Carry out an investigation which provides evidence that a change in an object’s motion is dependent on the mass of the object and the sum of the forces acting on it. Various experimental designs should be evaluated to determine how well the investigation measures an object’s motion. Emphasize conceptual understanding of Newton’s First and Second Laws. Calculations will only focus on one-dimensional movement; the use of vectors will be introduced in high school.

Crumple Zones
Fan Cart Physics
Force and Fan Carts
Free-Fall Laboratory

7.1.2: Apply Newton’s Third Law to design a solution to a problem involving the motion of two colliding objects in a system. Examples could include collisions between two moving objects or between a moving object and a stationary object.

Crumple Zones

7.1.3: Construct a model using observational evidence to describe the nature of fields existing between objects that exert forces on each other even though the objects are not in contact. Emphasize the cause and effect relationship between properties of objects (such as magnets or electrically charged objects) and the forces they exert.

Charge Launcher
Coulomb Force (Static)
Electromagnetic Induction
Magnetic Induction
Magnetism
Pith Ball Lab

7.1.4: Collect and analyze data to determine the factors that affect the strength of electric and magnetic forces. Examples could include electromagnets, electric motors, or generators. Examples of data could include the effect of the number of turns of wire on the strength of an electromagnet, or of increasing the number or strength of magnets on the speed of an electric motor.

Charge Launcher
Magnetic Induction
Pith Ball Lab

7.1.5: Engage in argument from evidence to support the claim that gravitational interactions within a system are attractive and dependent upon the masses of interacting objects. Examples of evidence for arguments could include mathematical data generated from various simulations.

Gravitational Force
Gravity Pitch
Weight and Mass

7.2: Changes to Earth Over Time

7.2.1: Develop a model of the rock cycle to describe the relationship between energy flow and matter cycling that create igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks. Emphasize the processes of melting, crystallization, weathering, deposition, sedimentation, and deformation, which act together to form minerals and rocks.

Carbon Cycle
Cell Energy Cycle
Plate Tectonics
Rock Cycle
Weathering

7.2.2: Construct an explanation based on evidence for how processes have changed Earth’s surface at varying time and spatial scales. Examples of processes that occur at varying time scales could include slow plate motions or rapid landslides. Examples of processes that occur at varying spatial scales could include uplift of a mountain range or deposition of fine sediments.

Erosion Rates
Plate Tectonics
River Erosion
Rock Cycle
Weathering

7.2.3: Ask questions to identify constraints of specific geologic hazards and evaluate competing design solutions for maintaining the stability of human-engineered structures, such as homes, roads, and bridges. Examples of geologic hazards could include earthquakes, landslides, or floods.

Hurricane Motion - Metric

7.2.5: Ask questions and analyze and interpret data about the patterns between plate tectonics and:

Building Pangaea
Plate Tectonics

7.2.5.1: The occurrence of earthquakes and volcanoes.

Earthquakes 1 - Recording Station
Plate Tectonics

7.2.5.2: Continental and ocean floor features.

Plate Tectonics

7.3: Structure and Function of Life

7.3.1: Plan and carry out an investigation that provides evidence that the basic structures of living things are cells. Emphasize that cells can form single-celled or multicellular organisms, and multicellular organisms are made of different types of cells.

Cell Types
Embryo Development

7.3.2: Develop and use a model to describe the function of a cell in living systems and the way parts of cells contribute to cell function. Emphasize the cell as a system, including the interrelating roles of the nucleus, chloroplasts, mitochondria, cell membrane, and cell wall.

Cell Energy Cycle
Cell Structure
Cell Types
Osmosis
RNA and Protein Synthesis

7.3.3: Construct an explanation using evidence to explain how body systems have various levels of organization. Emphasize understanding that cells form tissues, tissues form organs, and organs form systems specialized for particular body functions. Examples could include relationships between the circulatory, excretory, digestive, respiratory, muscular, skeletal, or nervous systems. Specific organ functions will be taught at the high school level.

Cell Types
Circulatory System
Digestive System
Senses

7.4: Reproduction and Inheritance

7.4.1: Develop and use a model to explain the effects that different types of reproduction have on genetic variation. Emphasize genetic variation through asexual and sexual reproduction.

Chicken Genetics
Fast Plants® 1 - Growth and Genetics
Fast Plants® 2 - Mystery Parent
Inheritance
Mouse Genetics (One Trait)
Mouse Genetics (Two Traits)

7.4.2: Obtain, evaluate, and communicate information about specific animal and plant adaptations and structures that affect the probability of successful reproduction. Examples of adaptations could include nest building to protect young from the cold, herding of animals to protect young from predators, vocalization of animals and colorful plumage to attract mates for breeding, bright flowers attracting butterflies that transfer pollen, flower nectar and odors that attract insects that transfer pollen, or hard shells on nuts that squirrels bury.

Flower Pollination
Honeybee Hive

7.4.3: Develop and use a model to describe why genetic mutations may result in harmful, beneficial, or neutral effects to the structure and function of the organism. Emphasize the conceptual idea that changes to traits can happen because of genetic mutations. Specific changes of genes at the molecular level, mechanisms for protein synthesis, and specific types of mutations will be introduced at the high school level.

Evolution: Mutation and Selection
Genetic Engineering
Human Karyotyping

7.4.4: Obtain, evaluate, and communicate information about the technologies that have changed the way humans affect the inheritance of desired traits in organisms. Analyze data from tests or simulations to determine the best solution to achieve success in cultivating selected desired traits in organisms. Examples could include artificial selection, genetic modification, animal husbandry, or gene therapy.

Evolution: Natural and Artificial Selection
GMOs and the Environment
Genetic Engineering

7.5: Changes in Species Over Time

7.5.1: Construct an explanation that describes how the genetic variation of traits in a population can affect some individuals’ probability of surviving and reproducing in a specific environment. Over time, specific traits may increase or decrease in populations. Emphasize the use of proportional reasoning to support explanations of trends in changes to populations over time. Examples could include camouflage, variation of body shape, speed and agility, or drought tolerance.

Evolution: Mutation and Selection
Evolution: Natural and Artificial Selection
Microevolution
Natural Selection
Rainfall and Bird Beaks - Metric

7.5.2: Analyze and interpret data for patterns in the fossil record that document the existence, diversity, extinction, and change of life forms throughout the history of life on Earth, under the assumption that natural laws operate today as in the past.

Human Evolution - Skull Analysis

7.5.3: Construct explanations that describe the patterns of body structure similarities and differences within modern organisms and between ancient and modern organisms to infer possible evolutionary relationships.

Cladograms
Embryo Development
Human Evolution - Skull Analysis

7.5.4: Analyze data to compare patterns in the embryological development across multiple species to identify similarities and differences not evident in the fully formed anatomy.

Embryo Development

Correlation last revised: 9/15/2020

This correlation lists the recommended Gizmos for this state's curriculum standards. Click any Gizmo title below for more information.