8.NS: The Number System

1.1: Know that there are numbers that are not rational, and approximate them by rational numbers.

8.NS.1: Students will: Know that numbers that are not rational are called irrational. Understand informally that every number has a decimal expansion; for rational numbers show that the decimal expansion repeats eventually, and convert a decimal expansion which repeats eventually into a rational number.

Circumference and Area of Circles
Part-to-part and Part-to-whole Ratios
Percents, Fractions, and Decimals

8.NS.2: Students will: Use rational approximations of irrational numbers to compare the size of irrational numbers, locate them approximately on a number line diagram, and estimate the value of expressions (e.g., pi²).

Circumference and Area of Circles
Square Roots

8.EE: Expressions and Equations

2.1: Work with radicals and integer exponents.

8.EE.3: Students will: Know and apply the properties of integer exponents to generate equivalent numerical expressions.

Dividing Exponential Expressions
Exponents and Power Rules
Multiplying Exponential Expressions
Simplifying Algebraic Expressions II

8.EE.4: Students will: Use square root and cube root symbols to represent solutions to equations of the form x² = p and x³ = p, where p is a positive rational number. Evaluate square roots of small perfect squares and cube roots of small perfect cubes. Know that the square root of 2 is irrational.

Operations with Radical Expressions
Simplifying Radical Expressions
Square Roots

8.EE.5: Students will: Use numbers expressed in the form of a single digit times an integer power of 10 to estimate very large or very small quantities, and to express how many times as much one is than the other.

Number Systems
Unit Conversions
Unit Conversions 2 - Scientific Notation and Significant Digits

8.EE.6: Students will: Perform operations with numbers expressed in scientific notation, including problems where both decimal and scientific notation are used. Use scientific notation and choose units of appropriate size for measurements of very large or very small quantities (e.g., use millimeters per year for seafloor spreading). Interpret scientific notation that has been generated by technology.

Distance-Time and Velocity-Time Graphs
Unit Conversions
Unit Conversions 2 - Scientific Notation and Significant Digits

2.2: Understand the connections among proportional relationships, lines, and linear equations.

8.EE.7: Students will: Graph proportional relationships, interpreting the unit rate as the slope of the graph. Compare two different proportional relationships represented in different ways.

Direct and Inverse Variation
Distance-Time Graphs
Distance-Time and Velocity-Time Graphs

8.EE.8: Students will: Use similar triangles to explain why the slope m is the same between any two distinct points on a non-vertical line in the coordinate plane; derive the equation y = mx for a line through the origin and the equation y = mx + b for a line intercepting the vertical axis at b.

Linear Inequalities in Two Variables
Point-Slope Form of a Line
Points, Lines, and Equations
Slope-Intercept Form of a Line
Standard Form of a Line

2.3: Analyze and solve linear equations and pairs of simultaneous linear equations.

8.EE.9: Students will: Solve linear equations in one variable.

8.EE.9.a: Give examples of linear equations in one variable with one solution, infinitely many solutions, or no solutions. Show which of these possibilities is the case by successively transforming the given equation into simpler forms until an equivalent equation of the form x = a, a = a, or a = b results (where a and b are different numbers).

Modeling One-Step Equations
Modeling and Solving Two-Step Equations
Solving Algebraic Equations II
Solving Equations by Graphing Each Side
Solving Equations on the Number Line
Solving Two-Step Equations

8.EE.9.b: Solve linear equations with rational number coefficients, including equations whose solutions require expanding expressions, using the distributive property and collecting like terms.

Modeling One-Step Equations
Modeling and Solving Two-Step Equations
Solving Algebraic Equations II
Solving Equations by Graphing Each Side
Solving Equations on the Number Line
Solving Two-Step Equations

8.EE.10: Students will: Analyze and solve pairs of simultaneous linear equations.

8.EE.10.a: Understand that solutions to a system of two linear equations in two variables correspond to points of intersections of their graphs because points of intersection satisfy both equations simultaneously.

Cat and Mouse (Modeling with Linear Systems)
Solving Equations by Graphing Each Side
Solving Linear Systems (Matrices and Special Solutions)
Solving Linear Systems (Slope-Intercept Form)
Solving Linear Systems (Standard Form)

8.EE.10.b: Solve systems of two linear equations in two variables algebraically, and estimate solutions by graphing the equations. Solve simple cases by inspection.

Cat and Mouse (Modeling with Linear Systems)
Solving Equations by Graphing Each Side
Solving Linear Systems (Matrices and Special Solutions)
Solving Linear Systems (Slope-Intercept Form)
Solving Linear Systems (Standard Form)

8.EE.10.c: Solve real-world and mathematical problems leading to two linear equations in two variables.

Cat and Mouse (Modeling with Linear Systems)
Solving Equations by Graphing Each Side
Solving Linear Systems (Matrices and Special Solutions)
Solving Linear Systems (Slope-Intercept Form)
Solving Linear Systems (Standard Form)

8.F: Functions

3.1: Define, evaluate, and compare functions.

8.F.11: Students will: Understand that a function is a rule that assigns to each input exactly one output. The graph of a function is the set of ordered pairs consisting of an input and the corresponding output.

Function Machines 1 (Functions and Tables)
Function Machines 2 (Functions, Tables, and Graphs)
Function Machines 3 (Functions and Problem Solving)
Introduction to Functions
Linear Functions
Points, Lines, and Equations

8.F.12: Students will: Compare properties of two functions, each represented in a different way (algebraically, graphically, numerically in tables, or by verbal descriptions).

Graphs of Polynomial Functions
Linear Functions
Quadratics in Polynomial Form

8.F.13: Students will: Interpret the equation y = mx + b as defining a linear function whose graph is a straight line; give examples of functions that are not linear.

Absolute Value with Linear Functions
Linear Functions
Point-Slope Form of a Line
Points, Lines, and Equations
Slope-Intercept Form of a Line
Standard Form of a Line

3.2: Use functions to model relationships between quantities.

8.F.14: Students will: Construct a function to model a linear relationship between two quantities. Determine the rate of change and initial value of the function from a description of a relationship or from two (x, y) values, including reading these from a table or from a graph. Interpret the rate of change and initial value of a linear function in terms of the situation it models and in terms of its graph or a table of values.

Arithmetic Sequences
Cat and Mouse (Modeling with Linear Systems)
Compound Interest
Distance-Time Graphs
Distance-Time and Velocity-Time Graphs
Function Machines 1 (Functions and Tables)
Function Machines 2 (Functions, Tables, and Graphs)
Function Machines 3 (Functions and Problem Solving)
Linear Functions
Points, Lines, and Equations
Slope-Intercept Form of a Line
Translating and Scaling Functions

8.F.15: Students will: Describe qualitatively the functional relationship between two quantities by analyzing a graph (e.g., where the function is increasing or decreasing, linear or nonlinear). Sketch a graph that exhibits the qualitative features of a function that has been described verbally.

Absolute Value with Linear Functions
Arithmetic Sequences
Distance-Time Graphs
Distance-Time and Velocity-Time Graphs
Function Machines 3 (Functions and Problem Solving)
Graphs of Polynomial Functions
Linear Functions
Slope-Intercept Form of a Line
Translating and Scaling Functions

8.G: Geometry

4.1: Understand congruence and similarity using physical models, transparencies, or geometry software.

8.G.16: Students will: Verify experimentally the properties of rotations, reflections, and translations:

8.G.16.a: Lines are taken to lines, and line segments are taken to line segments of the same length.

Circles
Reflections
Rock Art (Transformations)
Rotations, Reflections, and Translations
Similar Figures
Translations

8.G.16.b: Angles are taken to angles of the same measure.

Reflections
Rotations, Reflections, and Translations
Similar Figures
Translations

8.G.16.c: Parallel lines are taken to parallel lines.

Reflections
Rotations, Reflections, and Translations
Similar Figures

8.G.17: Students will: Understand that a two-dimensional figure is congruent to another if the second can be obtained from the first by a sequence of rotations, reflections, and translations; given two congruent figures, describe a sequence that exhibits the congruence between them.

Reflections
Rock Art (Transformations)
Rotations, Reflections, and Translations
Translations

8.G.18: Students will: Describe the effect of dilations, translations, rotations, and reflections on two-dimensional figures using coordinates.

Dilations
Rock Art (Transformations)
Rotations, Reflections, and Translations
Translations

8.G.19: Students will: Understand that a two-dimensional figure is similar to another if the second can be obtained from the first by a sequence of rotations, reflections, translations, and dilations; given two similar two-dimensional figures, describe a sequence that exhibits the similarity between them.

Dilations
Similar Figures

8.G.20: Students will: Use informal arguments to establish facts about the angle sum and exterior angle of triangles, about the angles created when parallel lines are cut by a transversal, and the angle-angle criterion for similarity of triangles.

Isosceles and Equilateral Triangles
Polygon Angle Sum
Similar Figures
Similarity in Right Triangles
Triangle Angle Sum

4.2: Understand and apply the Pythagorean Theorem.

8.G.21: Students will: Explain a proof of the Pythagorean Theorem and its converse.

Pythagorean Theorem
Pythagorean Theorem with a Geoboard

8.G.22: Students will: Apply the Pythagorean Theorem to determine unknown side lengths in right triangles in real-world and mathematical problems in two and three dimensions.

Circles
Distance Formula
Pythagorean Theorem
Pythagorean Theorem with a Geoboard
Surface and Lateral Areas of Pyramids and Cones

8.G.23: Students will: Apply the Pythagorean Theorem to find the distance between two points in a coordinate system.

Circles
Distance Formula

4.3: Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving volume of cylinders, cones, and spheres.

8.G.24: Students will: Know the formulas for the volumes of cones, cylinders, and spheres, and use them to solve real-world and mathematical problems.

Prisms and Cylinders
Pyramids and Cones

8.SP: Statistics and Probability

5.1: Investigate patterns of association in bivariate data.

8.SP.25: Students will: Construct and interpret scatter plots for bivariate measurement data to investigate patterns of association between two quantities. Describe patterns such as clustering, outliers, positive or negative association, linear association, and nonlinear association.

Correlation
Least-Squares Best Fit Lines
Solving Using Trend Lines
Trends in Scatter Plots

8.SP.26: Students will: Know that straight lines are widely used to model relationships between two quantitative variables. For scatter plots that suggest a linear association, informally fit a straight line, and informally assess the model fit by judging the closeness of the data points to the line.

Correlation
Least-Squares Best Fit Lines
Solving Using Trend Lines
Trends in Scatter Plots

8.SP.27: Students will: Use the equation of a linear model to solve problems in the context of bivariate measurement data, interpreting the slope and intercept.

Correlation
Solving Using Trend Lines
Trends in Scatter Plots

8.SP.28: Students will: Understand that patterns of association can also be seen in bivariate categorical data by displaying frequencies and relative frequencies in a two-way table. Construct and interpret a two-way table summarizing data on two categorical variables collected from the same subjects. Use relative frequencies calculated for rows or columns to describe possible association between the two variables.

Histograms
Polling: City

Correlation last revised: 3/17/2020

This correlation lists the recommended Gizmos for this state's curriculum standards. Click any Gizmo title below for more information.