Standards of Learning
5.1.a: asking questions and defining problems
5.1.a.1: ask testable questions based on observations and predict reasonable outcomes based on patterns
5.1.a.3: define design problems that can be solved through the development of an object, tool, process, or system
5.1.b: planning and carrying out investigations
5.1.b.1: collaboratively plan and conduct investigations to produce data
5.1.b.2: identify independent variable, dependent variables, and constants
5.1.b.3: determine data that should be collected to answer a testable question
5.1.b.4: take metric measurements using appropriate tools
5.1.c: interpreting, analyzing, and evaluating data
5.1.c.1: represent and analyze data using tables and graphs
5.1.d: constructing and critiquing conclusions and explanations
5.1.d.2: describe how scientific ideas apply to design solutions
5.1.d.3: generate and compare multiple solutions to problems based on how well they meet the criteria and constraints
5.1.e: developing and using models
5.1.e.1: develop models using an analogy, example, or abstract representation to describe a scientific principle or design solution
5.2.a: energy is the ability to do work or to cause change;
5.2.b: there are many different forms of energy;
5.2.c: energy can be transformed; and
5.2.d: energy is conserved.
5.3.a: moving objects have kinetic energy;
5.3.b: motion is described by an object’s direction and speed;
5.3.c: changes in motion are related to net force and mass;
5.3.d: when objects collide, the contact forces transfer energy and can change objects’ motion; and
5.3.e: friction is a force that opposes motion.
5.4.a: electricity flows easily through conductors but not insulators;
5.4.b: electricity flows through closed circuits;
5.4.d: electrical energy can be transformed into radiant, mechanical, and thermal energy; and
5.4.e: a current flowing through a wire creates a magnetic field.
5.5.a: sound is produced when an object or substance vibrates;
5.6.b: the visible spectrum includes light with different wavelengths;
5.6.c: matter influences the path of light; and
5.6.d: radiant energy can be transformed into thermal, mechanical, and electrical energy.
5.7.c: energy has an effect on the phases of matter.
5.8.b: plate tectonics describe movement of the crust;
5.8.c: the rock cycle models the transformation of rocks;
5.8.d: processes such as weathering, erosion, and deposition change the surface of the Earth; and
5.8.e: fossils and geologic patterns provide evidence of Earth’s change.
5.9.a: some sources of energy are considered renewable and others are not;
Correlation last revised: 9/15/2020