SC.6-8.1: Physical Science

SC.6-8.1.1: The fact that matter is composed of atoms and molecules can be used to explain the properties of substances, diversity of materials, states of matter and phases changes.

SC.6-8.1.1.a: Students can: Develop models to describe the atomic composition of simple molecules and extended structures.

Dehydration Synthesis

SC.6-8.1.1.b: Students can: Analyze and interpret data on the properties of substances before and after the substances interact to determine if a chemical reaction has occurred.

Chemical Changes

SC.6-8.1.1.d: Students can: Develop a model that predicts and describes changes in particle motion, temperature, and state of a pure substance when thermal energy is added or removed.

Melting Points
Phase Changes
Phases of Water
Temperature and Particle Motion

SC.6-8.1.2: Reacting substances rearrange to form different molecules, but the number of atoms is conserved. Some reactions release energy and others absorb energy.

Balancing Chemical Equations
Chemical Changes
Chemical Equations

SC.6-8.1.2.a: Students Can: Analyze and interpret data on the properties of substances before and after the substances interact to determine if a chemical reaction has occurred.

Chemical Changes

SC.6-8.1.2.b: Students can: Develop and use a model to describe how the total number of atoms does not change in a chemical reaction and thus mass is conserved.

Balancing Chemical Equations
Chemical Changes
Chemical Equations

SC.6-8.1.2.c: Students can: Undertake a design project to construct, test, and modify a device that either releases or absorbs thermal energy by chemical processes.

Feel the Heat

1.2.5: Academic Context and Connections

3: Connections to Nature of Science: Laws are regularities or mathematical descriptions of natural phenomena.

Chemical Changes
Chemical Equations

SC.6-8.1.3: Motion is described relative to a reference frame that must be shared with others and is determined by the sum of the forces acting on it. The greater the mass of the object, the greater the force needed to achieve the same change in motion.

SC.6-8.1.3.a: Students can: Apply Newton’s Third Law to design a solution to a problem involving the motion of two colliding objects.

Crumple Zones

SC.6-8.1.3.b: Students can: Plan an investigation to provide evidence that the change in an objects motion depends on the sum of the forces on the object and the mass of the object.

Crumple Zones
Fan Cart Physics
Force and Fan Carts
Free-Fall Laboratory

SC.6-8.1.4: Forces that act a distance (gravitational, electric, and magnetic) can be explained by force fields that extend through space and can be mapped by their effect on a test object.

SC.6-8.1.4.a: Students can: Ask questions about data to determine the factors that affect the strength of electric and magnetic forces.

Charge Launcher
Magnetic Induction
Pith Ball Lab

SC.6-8.1.4.b: Students can: Construct and present arguments using evidence to support the claim that gravitational interactions are attractive and depend on the masses of interacting objects.

Gravitational Force
Gravity Pitch
Weight and Mass

SC.6-8.1.4.c: Students can: Conduct an investigation and evaluate the experimental design to provide evidence that fields exist between objects exerting forces on each other even though the objects are not in contact.

Charge Launcher
Coulomb Force (Static)
Electromagnetic Induction
Magnetic Induction
Magnetism
Pith Ball Lab

SC.6-8.1.5: Kinetic energy can be distinguished from the various forms of potential energy.

SC.6-8.1.5.a: Students can: Construct and interpret graphical displays of data to describe the relationships of kinetic energy to the mass of an object and the speed of an object.

Air Track
Energy of a Pendulum
Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects
Roller Coaster Physics
Sled Wars
Trebuchet

SC.6-8.1.5.b: Students can: Develop a model to describe that when the arrangement of objects interacting at a distance changes, different amounts of potential energy are stored in the system.

Energy Conversion in a System
Energy of a Pendulum
Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects
Potential Energy on Shelves
Roller Coaster Physics
Trebuchet

SC.6-8.1.5.c: Students can: Apply scientific principles to design, construct, and test a device that either minimizes or maximizes thermal energy transfer.

Feel the Heat

SC.6-8.1.5.d: Students can: Plan an investigation to determine the relationships among the energy transferred, the type of matter, the mass, and the change in the average kinetic energy of the particles as measured by the temperature of the sample.

Calorimetry Lab
Energy Conversion in a System
Feel the Heat
Heat Transfer by Conduction
Phase Changes

SC.6-8.1.5.e: Students can: Construct, use, and present arguments to support the claim that when the kinetic energy of an object changes, energy is transferred to or from the object.

Air Track
Energy Conversion in a System
Sled Wars

1.5.7: Academic Context and Connections

5: Connections to Nature of Science: Scientific Knowledge is Based on Empirical Evidence. Science knowledge is based upon logical and conceptual connections between evidence and explanations.

Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects

SC.6-8.1.6: Energy changes to and from each type can be tracked through physical or chemical interactions. The relationship between the temperature and the total energy of a system depends on the types, states and amounts of matter.

SC.6-8.1.6.a: Students can: Apply scientific principles to design, construct, and test a device that either minimizes or maximizes thermal energy transfer.

Feel the Heat

SC.6-8.1.6.b: Students can: Plan an investigation to determine the relationships among the energy transferred, the type of matter, the mass, and the change in the average kinetic energy of the particles as measured by the temperature of the sample.

Calorimetry Lab
Energy Conversion in a System
Feel the Heat
Heat Transfer by Conduction
Phase Changes

SC.6-8.1.6.c: Students can: Construct, use, and present arguments to support the claim that when the kinetic energy of an object changes, energy is transferred to or from the object.

Air Track
Energy Conversion in a System
Sled Wars

SC.6-8.1.7: When two objects interact, each one exerts a force on the other that can cause energy to be transferred to and from the object.

SC.6-8.1.7.a: Students can: Develop a model to describe that when the arrangement of objects interacting at a distance changes, different amounts of potential energy are stored in the system.

Energy Conversion in a System
Energy of a Pendulum
Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects
Potential Energy on Shelves
Roller Coaster Physics
Trebuchet

1.7.3: Academic Context and Connections

1: Construct and interpret graphical displays of data to identify linear and nonlinear relationships. (Developing and Using Models) (Personal: Initiative/Self-direction)

Roller Coaster Physics

SC.6-8.1.8: A simple wave model has a repeating pattern with specific wavelength, frequency, and amplitude and mechanical waves need a medium through which they are transmitted. This model can explain many phenomena which include light and sound.

SC.6-8.1.8.a: Students can: Use mathematical representations to describe a simple model for waves that includes how the amplitude of a wave is related to the energy in the wave.

Waves

SC.6-8.1.8.b: Students can: Develop and use a model to describe that waves are reflected, absorbed or transmitted through various materials.

Basic Prism
Color Absorption
Earthquakes 1 - Recording Station
Heat Absorption
Laser Reflection
Longitudinal Waves
Radiation
Refraction
Ripple Tank
Waves

SC.6-8.1.9: A wave model of light is useful to explain how light interacts with objects through a variety of properties.

SC.6-8.1.9.a: Students can: Develop and use a model to describe that waves are reflected, absorbed or transmitted through various materials.

Basic Prism
Color Absorption
Earthquakes 1 - Recording Station
Heat Absorption
Laser Reflection
Longitudinal Waves
Radiation
Refraction
Ripple Tank
Waves

SC.6-8.2: Life Science

SC.6-8.2.1: All living things are made up of cells, which is the smallest unit that can be said to be alive.

SC.6-8.2.1.a: Students can: Conduct an investigation to provide evidence that living things are made of cells; either one cell or many different numbers and types of cells.

Cell Types
Embryo Development

SC.6-8.2.1.b: Students can: Develop and use a model to describe the function of a cell as a whole and ways the parts of cells contribute to the function.

Cell Energy Cycle
Cell Structure
Cell Types
Osmosis
RNA and Protein Synthesis

SC.6-8.2.1.c: Students can: Use argument supported by evidence for how the body is a system of interacting subsystems composed of groups of cells.

Cell Types
Circulatory System
Digestive System
Senses

SC.6-8.2.2: Organisms reproduce, either sexually or asexually, and transfer their genetic information to their offspring.

SC.6-8.2.2.a: Students can: Use argument based on empirical evidence and scientific reasoning to support an explanation for how characteristic animal behaviors and specialized plant structures affect the probability of successful reproduction of animals and plants respectively.

Flower Pollination
Honeybee Hive

SC.6-8.2.2.b: Students can: Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence for how environmental and genetic factors influence the growth of organisms.

Fast Plants® 1 - Growth and Genetics
Growing Plants
Inheritance
Measuring Trees
Seed Germination
Temperature and Sex Determination - Metric

SC.6-8.2.3: Sustaining life requires substantial energy and matter inputs.

SC.6-8.2.3.a: Students can: Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence for the role of photosynthesis in the cycling of matter and flow of energy into and out of organisms.

Cell Energy Cycle
Food Chain
Photosynthesis Lab
Plants and Snails
Pond Ecosystem

SC.6-8.2.3.b: Students can: Develop a model to describe how food is rearranged through chemical reactions forming new molecules that support growth and/or release energy as this matter moves through an organism.

Cell Energy Cycle
Dehydration Synthesis
Digestive System

SC.6-8.2.4: Each sense receptor responds to different inputs (electromagnetic, mechanical, chemical), transmitting them as signals that travel along nerve cells to the brain.

SC.6-8.2.4.a: Students can: Gather and synthesize information that sensory receptors respond to stimuli by sending messages to the brain for immediate behavior or storage as memories.

Reaction Time 1 (Graphs and Statistics)
Senses

SC.6-8.2.5: Organisms and populations of organisms are dependent on their environmental interactions both with other living things and with nonliving.

SC.6-8.2.5.a: Students can: Analyze and interpret data to provide evidence for the effects of resource availability on organisms and populations of organisms in an ecosystem.

Coral Reefs 1 - Abiotic Factors
Coral Reefs 2 - Biotic Factors
Food Chain
Forest Ecosystem
Pond Ecosystem
Prairie Ecosystem
Rabbit Population by Season
Rainfall and Bird Beaks - Metric

SC.6-8.2.5.b: Students can: Construct an explanation that predicts patterns of interactions among organisms across multiple ecosystems.

Coral Reefs 1 - Abiotic Factors
Coral Reefs 2 - Biotic Factors
Food Chain
Forest Ecosystem
Pond Ecosystem
Prairie Ecosystem

SC.6-8.2.6: Ecosystems are sustained by the continuous flow of energy, originating primarily from the sun, and the recycling of matter and nutrients within the system.

SC.6-8.2.6.a: Students can: Develop a model to describe the cycling of matter and flow of energy among living and nonliving parts of an ecosystem.

Carbon Cycle
Coral Reefs 1 - Abiotic Factors
Coral Reefs 2 - Biotic Factors
Food Chain
Forest Ecosystem
Pond Ecosystem
Prairie Ecosystem

SC.6-8.2.7: Ecosystems are dynamic in nature; their characteristics can vary over time. Disruptions to any physical or biological component of an ecosystem.

SC.6-8.2.7.a: Students can: Construct an argument supported by empirical evidence that changes to physical or biological components of an ecosystem affect populations.

Coral Reefs 1 - Abiotic Factors
Coral Reefs 2 - Biotic Factors
Food Chain
Forest Ecosystem
Pond Ecosystem
Prairie Ecosystem
Rabbit Population by Season
Rainfall and Bird Beaks - Metric

SC.6-8.2.7.b: Students can: Evaluate competing design solutions for maintaining biodiversity and ecosystem services.

GMOs and the Environment

2.7.4: Academic Context and Connections

2: Connections to Nature of Science: Scientific Knowledge is Based on Empirical Evidence. Science disciplines share common rules of obtaining and evaluating empirical evidence.

Rabbit Population by Season

SC.6-8.2.8: Heredity explains why offspring resemble, but are not identical to, their parents and is a unifying biological principle. Heredity refers to specific mechanisms by which characteristics or traits are passed from one generation to the next via genes.

SC.6-8.2.8.a: Students can: Develop and use a model to describe why structural changes to genes (mutations) located on chromosomes may affect proteins and may result in harmful, beneficial, or neutral effects to the structure and function of the organism.

Evolution: Mutation and Selection
Genetic Engineering
Human Karyotyping

SC.6-8.2.8.b: Students can: Develop and use a model to describe why asexual reproduction results in offspring with identical genetic information and sexual reproduction results in offspring with genetic variation.

Chicken Genetics
Fast Plants® 1 - Growth and Genetics
Fast Plants® 2 - Mystery Parent
Inheritance
Mouse Genetics (One Trait)
Mouse Genetics (Two Traits)

SC.6-8.2.9: Fossils are mineral replacements, preserved remains, or traces of organisms that lived in the past.

SC.6-8.2.9.a: Students can: Analyze and interpret data for patterns in the fossil record that document the existence, diversity, extinction, and change of life forms throughout the history of life on Earth under the assumption that natural laws operate today as in the past.

Human Evolution - Skull Analysis

SC.6-8.2.9.b: Students can: Apply scientific ideas to construct an explanation for the anatomical similarities and differences among modern organisms and between modern and fossil organisms to infer evolutionary relationships.

Cladograms
Embryo Development
Human Evolution - Skull Analysis

SC.6-8.2.9.c: Students can: Analyze displays of pictorial data to compare patterns of similarities in the embryological development across multiple species to identify relationships not evident in the fully formed anatomy.

Embryo Development

2.9.5: Academic Context and Connections

1: Analyzing data progresses to extending quantitative analysis to investigations, distinguishing between correlation and causation, and basic statistical techniques of data and error analysis and analyze and interpret data to determine similarities and differences in findings. (Analyzing and Interpreting Data) (Entrepreneurial: Inquiry/Analysis)

Human Evolution - Skull Analysis

SC.6-8.2.10: Genetic variations among individuals in a population give some individuals an advantage in surviving and reproducing in their environment.

SC.6-8.2.10.a: Students can: Construct an explanation based on evidence that describes how genetic variations of traits in a population increase some individuals’ probability of surviving and reproducing in a specific environment.

Evolution: Mutation and Selection
Evolution: Natural and Artificial Selection
Microevolution
Natural Selection
Rainfall and Bird Beaks - Metric

SC.6-8.2.10.b: Students can: Gather and synthesize information about technologies that have changed the way humans influence the inheritance of desired traits in organisms.

Evolution: Natural and Artificial Selection
GMOs and the Environment
Genetic Engineering

SC.6-8.2.10.c: Students can: Use mathematical representations to support explanations of how natural selection may lead to increases and decreases of specific traits in populations over time.

Evolution: Mutation and Selection
Evolution: Natural and Artificial Selection
Microevolution

SC.6-8.2.11: Adaptation by natural selection acting over generations is one important process by which species change over time in response to changes in environmental conditions.

SC.6-8.2.11.a: Students can: Use mathematical representations to support explanations of how natural selection may lead to increases and decreases of specific traits in populations over time.

Evolution: Mutation and Selection
Evolution: Natural and Artificial Selection
Microevolution

2.11.3: Academic Context and Connections

1: Identifying patterns in large data sets and using mathematical concepts to support explanations and arguments. Use mathematical representations to support scientific conclusions and design solutions. (Using Mathematics and Computational Thinking) (Entrepreneurial: Critical thinking/Problem solving)

Rainfall and Bird Beaks - Metric

SC.6-8.2.12: Biodiversity is the wide range of existing life forms that have adapted to the variety of conditions on Earth, from terrestrial to marine ecosystems.

SC.6-8.2.12.a: Students can: Evaluate competing design solutions for maintaining biodiversity and ecosystem services.

GMOs and the Environment

SC.6-8.3: Earth and Space Science

SC.6-8.3.1: Motion is predictable in both solar systems and galaxies.

SC.6-8.3.1.a: Students can: Develop and use a model of the Earth-sun-moon system to describe the cyclic patterns of lunar phases, eclipses of the sun and moon, and seasons.

2D Eclipse
3D Eclipse
Eclipse
Moonrise, Moonset, and Phases
Phases of the Moon
Seasons Around the World
Seasons in 3D
Seasons: Earth, Moon, and Sun
Seasons: Why do we have them?
Summer and Winter

SC.6-8.3.1.b: Students can: Develop and use a model to describe the role of gravity in the motions within galaxies and the solar system.

Gravity Pitch
Solar System
Solar System Explorer

3.1.4: Academic Context and Connections

1: Develop and use a model to describe phenomena. (Developing and Using Models) (Personal: Initiative/Self-direction)

2D Eclipse
Moonrise, Moonset, and Phases
Phases of the Moon
Seasons: Why do we have them?
Summer and Winter

SC.6-8.3.2: The solar system contains many varied objects held together by gravity. Solar system models explain and predict eclipses, lunar phases, and seasons.

SC.6-8.3.2.a: Students can: Develop and use a model to describe the role of gravity in the motions within galaxies and the solar system.

Gravity Pitch
Solar System
Solar System Explorer

SC.6-8.3.2.b: Students can: Analyze and interpret data to determine scale properties of objects in the solar system.

Solar System
Solar System Explorer
Weight and Mass

SC.6-8.3.2.c: Students can: Develop and use a model of the Earth-sun-moon system to describe the cyclic patterns of lunar phases, eclipses of the sun and moon, and seasons.

2D Eclipse
3D Eclipse
Eclipse
Moonrise, Moonset, and Phases
Phases of the Moon
Seasons Around the World
Seasons in 3D
Seasons: Earth, Moon, and Sun
Seasons: Why do we have them?
Summer and Winter

SC.6-8.3.4: Energy flows and matter cycles within and among Earth’s systems, including the sun and Earth’s interior as primary energy sources. Plate tectonics is one result of these processes.

SC.6-8.3.4.a: Students can: Develop a model to describe the cycling of Earth’s materials and the flow of energy that drives this process.

Carbon Cycle
Cell Energy Cycle
Plate Tectonics
Rock Cycle
Weathering

SC.6-8.3.4.b: Students can: Construct an explanation based on evidence for how geoscience processes have changed Earth’s surface at varying time and spatial scales.

Erosion Rates
Plate Tectonics
River Erosion
Rock Cycle
Weathering

SC.6-8.3.5: Plate tectonics is the unifying theory that explains movements of rocks at Earth’s surface and geological history.

SC.6-8.3.5.a: Students can: Analyze and interpret data on the distribution of fossils and rocks, continental shapes, and seafloor structures to provide evidence of the past plate motions.

Building Pangaea
Plate Tectonics

SC.6-8.3.6: Water cycles among land, ocean, and atmosphere, and is propelled by sunlight and gravity. Density variations of sea water drive interconnected ocean currents. Water movement causes weathering and erosion, changing landscape features.

SC.6-8.3.6.a: Students can: Construct an explanation based on evidence for how geoscience processes have changed Earth’s surface at varying time and spatial scales.

Erosion Rates
Plate Tectonics
River Erosion
Rock Cycle
Weathering

SC.6-8.3.6.b: Students can: Develop a model to describe the cycling of water through Earth’s systems driven by energy from the sun and the force of gravity.

Water Cycle

SC.6-8.3.6.c: Students can: Collect data to provide evidence for how the motions and complex interactions of air masses result in changes in weather conditions.

Coastal Winds and Clouds - Metric
Hurricane Motion - Metric
Weather Maps - Metric

SC.6-8.3.7: Complex interactions determine local weather patterns and influence climate, including the role of the ocean.

SC.6-8.3.7.a: Students can: Collect data to provide evidence for how the motions and complex interactions of air masses result in changes in weather conditions.

Coastal Winds and Clouds - Metric
Hurricane Motion - Metric
Weather Maps - Metric

SC.6-8.3.8: Humans depend on Earth’s land, ocean, atmosphere, and biosphere for different resources, many of which are limited or not renewable. Resources are distributed unevenly around the planet as a result of past geologic processes.

SC.6-8.3.8.a: Students can: Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence for how the uneven distributions of Earth’s mineral, energy, and groundwater resources are the result of past and current geoscience processes.

Carbon Cycle

SC.6-8.3.9: Mapping the history of natural hazards in a region and understanding related geological forces.

SC.6-8.3.9.a: Students can: Analyze and interpret data on natural hazards to forecast future catastrophic events and inform the development of technologies to mitigate their effects.

Hurricane Motion - Metric

SC.6-8.3.10: Human activities have altered the biosphere, sometimes damaging it, although changes to environments can have different impacts for different living things.

SC.6-8.3.10.a: Students can: Apply scientific principles to design a method for monitoring and minimizing a human impact on the environment.

GMOs and the Environment

SC.6-8.3.10.b: Students can: Construct an argument supported by evidence for how increases in human population and per-capita consumption of natural resources impact Earth’s systems.

Carbon Cycle
Coral Reefs 2 - Biotic Factors

SC.6-8.3.11: Human activities affect global warming. Decisions to reduce the impact of global warming depend on understanding climate science, engineering capabilities, and social dynamics.

SC.6-8.3.11.a: Students can: Ask questions to clarify evidence of the factors that have caused the rise in global temperatures over the past century.

Carbon Cycle
Greenhouse Effect - Metric

Correlation last revised: 9/22/2020

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