8.ESS.2: Earth’s lithosphere consists of major and minor tectonic plates that move relative to each other.
8.ESS.2.a: Historical data and observations such as fossil distribution, paleomagnetism, continental drift and sea-floor spreading contributed to the theory of plate tectonics. The rigid tectonic plates move with the molten rock and magma beneath them in the upper mantle.
8.ESS.2.c: There are three main types of plate boundaries: divergent, convergent and transform. Each type of boundary results in specific motion and causes events (such as earthquakes or volcanic activity) or features (such as mountains or trenches) that are indicative of the type of boundary.
8.ESS.3: A combination of constructive and destructive geologic processes formed Earth’s surface.
8.ESS.3.a: Earth’s surface is formed from a variety of different geologic processes, including but not limited to plate tectonics.
8.LS.1: Diversity of species, a result of variation of traits, occurs through the process of evolution and extinction over many generations. The fossil records provide evidence that changes have occurred in number and types of species.
8.LS.1.b: Changes in environmental conditions can affect how beneficial a trait will be for the survival and reproductive success of an organism or an entire species.
8.LS.2: Every organism alive today comes from a long line of ancestors who reproduced successfully every generation.
8.LS.2.a: Reproduction is the transfer of genetic information from one generation to the next. It can occur with mixing of genes from two individuals (sexual reproduction). It can occur with the transfer of genes from one individual to the next generation (asexual reproduction). The ability to reproduce defines living things.
8.LS.3: The characteristics of an organism are a result of inherited traits received from parent(s).
8.LS.3.a: Expression of all traits is determined by genes and environmental factors to varying degrees. Many genes influence more than one trait, and many traits are influenced by more than one gene.
8.LS.3.b: During reproduction, genetic information (DNA) is transmitted between parent and offspring. In asexual reproduction, the lone parent contributes DNA to the offspring. In sexual reproduction, both parents contribute DNA to the offspring.
8.PS.1: Objects can experience a force due to an external field such as magnetic, electrostatic, or gravitational fields.
8.PS.1.a: Magnetic, electrical and gravitational forces can act at a distance.
8.PS.2: Forces can act to change the motion of objects.
8.PS.2.b: Forces can be added. The new force on an object is the sum of all of the forces acting on the object.
8.PS.2.c: If there is a nonzero net force acting on an object, its speed and/or direction will change.
8.PS.2.d: Kinetic friction and drag are forces that act in a direction opposite the relative motion of objects.
Correlation last revised: 9/15/2020