3.3.10: Biological Sciences
3.3.10.A: Explain the structural and functional similarities and differences found among living things.
3.3.10.A.1: Identify and characterize major life forms according to their placement in existing classification groups.
3.3.10.A.2: Explain the relationship between structure and function at the molecular and cellular levels.
3.3.10.A.3: Describe organizing schemes of classification keys.
3.3.10.B: Describe and explain the chemical and structural basis of living organisms.
3.3.10.B.2: Identify the specialized structures and regions of the cell and the functions of each.
3.3.10.B.3: Explain how cells store and use information to guide their functions.
3.3.10.C: Describe how genetic information is inherited and expressed.
3.3.10.C.1: Compare and contrast the function of mitosis and meiosis.
3.3.10.C.2: Describe mutations’ effects on a trait’s expression.
3.3.10.C.4: Compare random and selective breeding practices and their results (e.g., antibiotic resistant bacteria).
3.3.10.C.5: Explain the relationship among DNA, genes and chromosomes
3.3.10.C.6: Explain different types of inheritance (e.g., multiple allele, sex-influenced traits).
3.3.10.C.7: Describe the role of DNA in protein synthesis as it relates to gene expression.
3.3.10.D: Explain the mechanisms of the theory of evolution.
3.3.10.D.1: analyze data from fossil records, similarities in anatomy and physiology, embryological studies and DNA studies that are relevant to the theory of evolution.
3.3.10.D.2: Explain the role of mutations and gene recombination in changing a population of organisms.
3.3.10.D.3: Compare modern day descendants of extinct species and propose possible scientific accounts for their present appearance.
3.3.10.D.4: describe the factors (e.g., isolation, differential reproduction) affecting gene frequency in a population over time and their consequences.
3.3.10.D.5: describe and differentiate between the roles of natural selection and genetic drift.
3.3.10.D.7: explain why natural selection can act only on inherited traits.
3.3.10.D.8: Apply the concept of natural selection to illustrate and account for a species’ survival, extinction or change over time.
3.4.10: Physical Science, Chemistry and Physics
3.4.10.A: Explain concepts about the structure and properties of matter.
3.4.10.A.1: Know that atoms are composed of even smaller sub-atomic structures whose properties are measurable.
3.4.10.A.2: Explain the repeating pattern of chemical properties by using the repeating patterns of atomic structure within the periodic table.
3.4.10.A.3: Predict the behavior of gases through the use of Boyle’s, Charles’ or the ideal gas law, in everyday situations.
3.4.10.A.4: Explain the formation of compounds and their resulting properties using bonding theories (ionic and covalent).
3.4.10.A.6: Describe various types of chemical reactions by applying the laws of conservation of mass and energy.
3.4.10.A.8: Understand that carbon can form several types of compounds.
3.4.10.A.9: Describe phases of matter according to the Kinetic Molecular Theory.
3.4.10.B: Analyze energy sources and transfers of heat.
3.4.10.B.1: Determine the efficiency of chemical systems by applying mathematical formulas.
3.4.10.B.3: Evaluate energy changes in chemical reactions.
3.4.10.B.4: Use knowledge of conservation of energy and momentum to explain common phenomena (e.g., refrigeration system, rocket propulsion).
3.4.10.B.5: Explain resistance, current and electro-motive force (Ohm’s Law).
3.4.10.C: Distinguish among the principles of force and motion.
3.4.10.C.2: Identify elements of simple machines in compound machines.
3.4.10.C.4: Describe sound effects (e.g., Doppler effect, amplitude, frequency, reflection, refraction, absorption, sonar, seismic).
3.4.10.C.5: Describe light effects (e.g., Doppler effect, dispersion, absorption, emission spectra, polarization, interference).
3.4.10.C.6: Describe and measure the motion of sound, light and other objects.
3.4.10.C.7: Know Newton’s laws of motion (including inertia, action and reaction) and gravity and apply them to solve problems related to forces and mass.
3.4.10.C.8: Determine the efficiency of mechanical systems by applying mathematical formulas.
3.4.10.D: Explain essential ideas about the composition and structure of the universe.
3.4.10.D.1: Compare the basic structures of the universe (e.g., galaxy types, nova, black holes, neutron stars).
3.4.10.D.2: Describe the structure and life cycle of star, using the Hertzsprung- Russell diagram.
3.4.10.D.7: Identify and analyze the findings of several space instruments in regard to the extent and composition of the solar system and universe.
3.5.10: Earth Sciences
3.5.10.A: Relate earth features and processes that change the earth.
3.5.10.A.1: Illustrate and explain plate tectonics as the mechanism of continental movement and sea floor changes.
3.5.10.A.3: Interpret topographic maps to identify and describe significant geologic history/structures in Pennsylvania.
3.5.10.A.7: Describe and identify major types of rocks and minerals.
3.5.10.B: Explain sources and uses of earth resources.
3.5.10.B.1: Compare the locations of strategic minerals and earth resources in the world with their geologic history using maps and global information systems.
3.5.10.C: Interpret meteorological data.
3.5.10.C.1: Analyze information from meteorological instruments and online sources to predict weather patterns.
3.5.10.C.2: Describe weather and climate patterns on global levels.
3.5.10.C.3: Evaluate specific adaptations plants and animals have made that enable them to survive in different climates.
3.5.10.D: Assess the value of water as a resource.
3.5.10.D.4: Compare commercially important aquatic species in or near Pennsylvania.
3.5.10.D.6: Assess the natural and man-made factors that affect the availability of clean water (e.g., rock and mineral deposits, man-made pollution).
Correlation last revised: 12/8/2009