### SC.HS.1: Forces and Interactions

#### SC.HS.1.1: Gather, analyze, and communicate evidence of forces and interactions.

SC.HS.1.1.A: Analyze data to support the claim that Newton's Second Law of Motion describes the mathematical relationship among the net force on a macroscopic object, its mass, and its acceleration.

SC.HS.1.1.B: Use mathematical representations to support the claim that the total momentum of a system of objects is conserved when there is no net force on the system.

SC.HS.1.1.C: Apply science and engineering ideas to design, evaluate, and refine a device that minimizes the force on a macroscopic object during a collision.

SC.HS.1.1.D: Use mathematical representations of Newton's Law of Gravitation and Coulomb's Law to describe and predict the gravitational and electrostatic forces between objects.

SC.HS.1.1.E: Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence that an electrical current can produce a magnetic field and that a changing magnetic field can produce an electrical current.

### SC.HS.2: Waves and Electromagnetic Radiation

#### SC.HS.2.2: Gather, analyze, and communicate evidence of the interactions of waves.

SC.HS.2.2.A: Use mathematical representations to support a claim regarding relationships among the frequency, wavelength, and speed of waves traveling in various media.

SC.HS.2.2.C: Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning behind the idea that electromagnetic radiation can be described either by a wave model or a particle model, and that for some situations one model is more useful than the other.

SC.HS.2.2.D: Evaluate the validity and reliability of claims in published materials of the effects that different frequencies of electromagnetic radiation have when absorbed by matter.

SC.HS.2.2.E: Communicate technical information about how some technological devices use the principles of wave behavior and wave interactions with matter to transmit and capture information and energy.

### SC.HS.3: Structure and Properties of Matter

#### SC.HS.3.3: Gather, analyze, and communicate evidence of the structure, properties, and interactions of matter.

SC.HS.3.3.A: Use the periodic table as a model to predict the relative properties of elements based on the patterns of electrons in the outermost energy level of atoms.

SC.HS.3.3.B: Plan and conduct an investigation to gather evidence to compare the structure of substances at the macro scale to infer the strength of electrical forces between particles.

SC.HS.3.3.C: Develop models to illustrate the changes in the composition of the nucleus of the atom and the energy released during the processes of fission, fusion, and radioactive decay.

SC.HS.3.3.D: Communicate scientific and technical information about why the molecular-level structure is important in the functioning of designed materials.

### SC.HS.4: Energy

#### SC.HS.4.4: Gather, analyze, and communicate evidence of the interactions of energy.

SC.HS.4.4.A: Create a computational model to calculate the change in the energy of one component in a system when the change in energy of the other component(s) and energy flows in and out of the system are known.

SC.HS.4.4.B: Develop and use models to illustrate that energy at the macroscopic scale can be accounted for as a combination of energy associated with the motion of particles (objects) and energy associated with the relative positions of particles (objects).

SC.HS.4.4.C: Design, build, and refine a device that works within given constraints to convert one form of energy into another form of energy.

SC.HS.4.4.D: Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.

SC.HS.4.4.E: Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence that the transfer of thermal energy when two components of different temperature are combined within a closed system results in a more uniform energy distribution among the components in the system (second law of thermodynamics).

SC.HS.4.4.F: Develop and use a model of two objects interacting through electrical or magnetic fields to illustrate the forces between objects and the changes in energy of the objects due to the interaction.

### SC.HS.5: Chemical Reactions

#### SC.HS.5.5: Gather, analyze, and communicate evidence of chemical reactions.

SC.HS.5.5.A: Construct and revise an explanation for the outcome of a simple chemical reaction based on the outermost electron states of atoms, trends in the periodic table, and knowledge of the patterns of chemical properties.

SC.HS.5.5.B: Develop a model to illustrate that the release or absorption of energy from a chemical reaction system depends on the changes in total bond energy.

SC.HS.5.5.C: Apply scientific principles and evidence to provide an explanation about the effects of changing the temperature or concentration of the reacting particles on the rate at which a reaction occurs.

SC.HS.5.5.D: Refine the design of a chemical system by specifying a change in conditions that would produce increased amounts of products at equilibrium.

SC.HS.5.5.E: Design a solution to a complex real-world problem by breaking it down into smaller, more manageable problems that can be solved through engineering.

SC.HS.5.5.F: Use mathematical representations to support the claim that atoms, and therefore mass, are conserved during a chemical reaction.

Correlation last revised: 9/15/2020

This correlation lists the recommended Gizmos for this state's curriculum standards. Click any Gizmo title below for more information.