Priority Academic Student Skills
P.1.1: Matter is made up of minute particles called atoms, and atoms are composed of even smaller components (i.e., protons, neutrons, and electrons).
P.1.2: An element is composed of a single type of atoms. When elements are listed in order according to the number of protons (called the atomic number), repeating patterns of physical and chemical properties identify families of elements with similar properties.
P.2.1: Objects change their motion only when a net force is applied. Laws of motion are used to determine the effects of forces on the motion of objects.
P.2.2: Gravitation is a universal force that each mass exerts on any other mass.
P.3.1: All energy can be considered to be either kinetic energy, which is the energy of motion; potential energy, which depends on relative position; or energy contained by a field, such as electromagnetic waves.
P.3.2: Waves, including sounds and seismic waves, waves on water, and light waves, have energy and can transfer energy when they interact with matter (such as used in telescopes, solar power, and telecommunication technology).
P.4.1: Geologic time can be estimated by observing rock sequences and using fossils to correlate the sequences at various locations.
P.4.2: The solid crust of the earth consists of separate plates that move very slowly pressing against one another in some places and pulling apart in other places (i.e., volcanoes, earthquakes and mountain building).
P.5.1: The stars differ from each other in size, temperature, and age, but they appear to be made up of the same elements that are found on the earth.
B.1.1: Cells are composed of a variety of structures such as the nucleus, cell membrane, cell wall, cytoplasm, ribosomes, mitochondria, and chloroplasts.
B.2.1: Cells function according to the information contained in the master code of DNA (i.e., cell cycle, DNA to DNA, and DNA to RNA). Transfer RNA and protein synthesis will be taught in life science courses with rigor greater than Biology I.
B.2.2: A sorting and recombination of genes in reproduction results in a great variety of possible gene combinations from the offspring of any two parents (i.e., Punnett squares and pedigrees). Students will understand the following concepts in a single trait cross: alleles, dominant trait, recessive trait, phenotype, genotype, homozygous, and heterozygous.
B.3.2: Species acquire many of their unique characteristics through biological adaptation, which involves the selection of naturally occurring variations in populations. Biological adaptations include changes in structures, behaviors, or physiology, which may enhance or limit the survival and reproductive success in a particular environment.
B.4.3: Living organisms have the capacity to produce populations of infinite size, but environments and resources limit population size (i.e., carrying capacity and limiting factors).
B.5.1: The complexity and organization of organisms accommodates the need for obtaining, transforming, transporting, releasing, and eliminating the matter and energy used to sustain the organism (i.e., photosynthesis and cellular respiration).
B.5.2: As matter and energy flow through different levels of organization of living systems and between living systems and the physical environment, chemical elements are recombined in different ways by different structures. Matter and energy are conserved in each change (i.e., water cycle, carbon cycle, nitrogen cycle, food webs, and energy pyramids).
B.6.1: Specialized cells enable organisms to monitor what is going on in the world around them (e.g., detect light, sound, specific chemicals, gravity, plant tropism, sense organs, homeostasis).
B.6.2: Responses to external stimuli can result from interactions with the organism’s own species and others, as well as environmental changes; these responses either can be innate or learned. Broad patterns of behavior exhibited by animals have changed over time to ensure reproductive success.
C.1.1: Matter is made of atoms and atoms are composed of even smaller components (i.e., protons, neutrons and electrons).
C.1.2: Atoms interact with one another by transferring or sharing outer electrons that are farthest from the nucleus. These outer electrons govern the chemical properties of the element.
C.1.3: An element is composed of a single type of atom. When elements are listed in order according to the number of protons, repeating patterns of physical and chemical properties identify families of elements with similar properties.
C.1.4: A compound is formed when two or more kinds of atoms bind together chemically. Each compound has unique chemical and physical properties.
C.1.5: Solids, liquids, and gases differ in the energy that binds them together.
C.2.1: A large number of important reactions involve the transfer of either electrons (oxidation/reduction) or hydrogen ions (acid/base reactions).
C.2.2: The rate of chemical reactions is affected by the concentration and temperature of the reacting materials. Catalysts accelerate chemical reactions.
C.2.4: Mass is conserved in chemical reactions (balancing of equations).
P.1.3: Matter has characteristic properties, such as boiling points, melting points, and density, which distinguish pure substances and can be used to separate one substance from another.
P.2.3: Heat consists of random motion and the vibrations of atoms, molecules, and ions. The higher the temperature, the greater the atomic or molecular motion.
Correlation last revised: 12/4/2009