### G - CO: Congruence

#### 1.1: Experiment with transformations in the plane.

G-CO.1: Demonstrates understanding of key geometrical definitions, including angle, circle, perpendicular line, parallel line, line segment, and transformations in Euclidian geometry. Understand undefined notions of point, line, distance along a line, and distance around a circular arc.

G-CO.2: Represent transformations in the plane using, e.g., transparencies and geometry software; describe transformations as functions that take points in the plane as inputs and give other points as outputs. Compare transformations that preserve distance and angle to those that do not (e.g., translation versus horizontal stretch).

G-CO.3: Given a rectangle, parallelogram, trapezoid, or regular polygon, describe the rotations and reflections that carry it onto itself.

G-CO.4: Develop definitions of rotations, reflections, and translations in terms of angles, circles, perpendicular lines, parallel lines, and line segments.

G-CO.5: Given a geometric figure and a rotation, reflection, or translation, draw the transformed figure using, e.g., graph paper, tracing paper, or geometry software. Specify a sequence of transformations that will carry a given figure onto another.

#### 1.2: Understand congruence in terms of rigid motions.

G-CO.6: Use geometric descriptions of rigid motions to transform figures and to predict the effect of a given rigid motion on a given figure; given two figures, use the definition of congruence in terms of rigid motions to decide if they are congruent.

G-CO.8: Explain how the criteria for triangle congruence (ASA, SAS, SSS, AAS, and HL) follow from the definition of congruence in terms of rigid motions.

#### 1.3: Prove geometric theorems.

G-CO.9: Using methods of proof including direct, indirect, and counter examples to prove theorems about lines and angles.

G-CO.10: Using methods of proof including direct, indirect, and counter examples to prove theorems about triangles.

G-CO.11: Using methods of proof including direct, indirect, and counter examples to prove theorems about parallelograms.

#### 1.4: Make geometric constructions.

G-CO.12: Make formal geometric constructions with a variety of tools and methods (compass and straightedge, string, reflective devices, paper folding, dynamic geometric software, etc.). Copying a segment; copying an angle; bisecting a segment; bisecting an angle; constructing perpendicular lines, including the perpendicular bisector of a line segment; and constructing a line parallel to a given line through a point not on the line.

G-CO.13: Construct an equilateral triangle, a square, and a regular hexagon inscribed in a circle.

### G - SRT: Similarity, Right Triangles, and Trigonometry

#### 2.1: Understand similarity in terms of similarity transformations.

G-SRT.1: Verify experimentally the properties of dilations given by a center and a scale factor:

G-SRT.1.a: A dilation takes a line not passing through the center of the dilation to a parallel line, and leaves a line passing through the center unchanged.

G-SRT.1.b: The dilation of a line segment is longer or shorter in the ratio given by the scale factor.

G-SRT.2: Given two figures, use the definition of similarity in terms of transformations to explain whether or not they are similar.

G-SRT.3: Use the properties of similarity transformations to establish the AA criterion for two triangles to be similar.

#### 2.2: Prove theorems involving similarity.

G-SRT.5: Apply congruence and similarity properties and prove relationships involving triangles and other geometric figures.

#### 2.3: Define trigonometric ratios and solve problems involving right triangles.

G-SRT.6: Understand that by similarity, side ratios in right triangles are properties of the angles in the triangle, leading to definitions of trigonometric ratios for acute angles.

G-SRT.8: Use trigonometric ratios and the Pythagorean Theorem to solve right triangles in applied problems.

### G - C: Circles

#### 3.1: Understand and apply theorems about circles.

G-C.2: Identify and describe relationships among inscribed angles, radii, and chords.

G-C.3: Construct the inscribed and circumscribed circles of a triangle, and prove properties of angles for a quadrilateral inscribed in a circle.

#### 3.2: Find arc lengths and areas of sectors of circles.

G-C.5: Use and apply the concepts of arc length and areas of sectors of circles. Determine or derive using similarity the fact that the length of the arc intercepted by an angle is proportional to the radius, and define the radian measure of the angle as the constant of proportionality; derive the formula for the area of a sector.

### G - GPE: Expressing Geometric Properties with Equations

#### 4.1: Translate between the geometric description and the equation for a conic section.

G-GPE.1: Determine or derive the equation of a circle of given center and radius using the Pythagorean Theorem; complete the square to find the center and radius of a circle given by an equation.

G-GPE.2: Determine or derive the equation of a parabola given a focus and directrix.

G-GPE.3: Derive the equations of ellipses and hyperbolas given foci and directrices.

#### 4.2: Use coordinates to prove simple geometric theorems algebraically.

G-GPE.7: Use coordinates to compute perimeters of polygons and areas of triangles and rectangles, e.g., using the distance formula.

### G - GMD: Geometric Measurement and Dimension

#### 5.1: Explain volume formulas and use them to solve problems.

G-GMD.1: Explain how to find the formulas for the circumference of a circle, area of a circle, volume of a cylinder, pyramid, and cone.

G-GMD.2: Give an informal argument using Cavalieri’s principle for the formulas for the volume of a sphere and other solid figures.

G-GMD.3: Use volume formulas for cylinders, pyramids, cones, and spheres to solve problems.

Correlation last revised: 9/22/2020

This correlation lists the recommended Gizmos for this state's curriculum standards. Click any Gizmo title below for more information.