Academic Content Standards
1.A.1: Describe how objects in the Solar System are in regular and predictable motions that explain such phenomena as days, years, seasons, eclipses, tides and moon cycles.
1.A.2: Explain that the gravitational force is the dominant force determining motions in the Solar System and in particular keeps the planets in orbit around the Sun.
1.B.7: Examine the life cycle of a star and predict the next likely stage of a star.
1.E.10: Explain that most major geological events (e.g., earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, hot spots and mountain building) result from plate motion.
1.E.11: Use models to analyze the size and shape of Earth, its surface and its interior (e.g., globes, topographic maps, satellite images).
1.E.12: Explain that some processes involved in the rock cycle are directly related to the thermal energy and forces in the mantle that drive plate motions.
1.E.13: Describe how landforms are created through a combination of destructive (e.g., weathering and erosion) and constructive processes (e.g., crustal deformation, volcanic eruptions and deposition of sediment).
1.E.14: Explain that folding, faulting and uplifting can rearrange the rock layers so the youngest is not always found on top.
1.E.15: Illustrate how the three primary types of plate boundaries (transform, divergent and convergent) cause different landforms (e.g., mountains, volcanoes, ocean trenches).
2.B.1: Describe that asexual reproduction limits the spread of detrimental characteristics through a species and allows for genetic continuity.
2.B.2: Recognize that in sexual reproduction new combinations of traits are produced which may increase or decrease an organism's chances for survival.
2.B.3: Explain how variations in structure, behavior or physiology allow some organisms to enhance their reproductive success and survival in a particular environment.
2.D.4: Explain that diversity of species is developed through gradual processes over many generations (e.g., fossil record).
2.D.5: Investigate how an organism adapted to a particular environment may become extinct if the environment, as shown by the fossil record, changes.
3.B.3: Explain that an unbalanced force acting on an object changes that object's speed and/or direction.
3.D.4: Demonstrate that waves transfer energy.
3.D.5: Demonstrate that vibrations in materials may produce waves that spread away from the source in all directions (e.g., earthquake waves, sound waves).
Content correlation last revised: 12/3/2009