College- and Career-Readiness Standards
PHS.1: Students will demonstrate an understanding of the nature of matter.
PHS.1.1: Use contextual evidence to describe particle theory of matter. Examine the particle properties of solids, liquids, and gases.
PHS.1.6: Use mathematical and computational analysis to solve density problems. Manipulate the density formula to determine density, volume, or mass or use dimensional analysis to solve problems.
PHS.3: Students will analyze the organization of the periodic table of elements to predict atomic interactions.
PHS.3.3: Using naming conventions for binary compounds, write the compound name from the formula, and write balanced formulas from the name (e.g., carbon dioxide - CO₂, sodium chloride - NaCl, iron III oxide- Fe₂O₃, and calcium bromide - CaBr₂).
PHS.4: Students will analyze changes in matter and the relationship of these changes to the law of conservation of matter and energy.
PHS.4.2: Design and conduct investigations to produce evidence that mass is conserved in chemical reactions (e.g., vinegar and baking soda in a Ziploc© bag).
PHS.4.3: Apply the concept of conservation of matter to balancing simple chemical equations.
PHS.4.4: Use mathematical and computational analysis to examine evidence that mass is conserved in chemical reactions using simple stoichiometry problems (1:1 mole ratio) or atomic masses to demonstrate the conservation of mass with a balanced equation.
PHS.5: Students will analyze the scientific principles of motion, force, and work.
PHS.5.2: Design and conduct an investigation to study the motion of an object using properties such as displacement, time of motion, velocity, and acceleration.
PHS.5.3: Collect, organize, and interpret graphical data using correct metric units to determine the average speed of an object.
PHS.5.4: Use mathematical and computational analyses to show the relationships among force, mass, and acceleration (i.e., Newton’s second law).
PHS.5.5: Design and construct an investigation using probe systems and/or online simulations to observe relationships between force, mass, and acceleration (F=ma).
PHS.5.6: Use an engineering design process and mathematical analysis to design and construct models to demonstrate the law of conservation of momentum (e.g., roller coasters, bicycle helmets, bumper systems).
PHS.6: Students will explore the characteristics of waves.
PHS.6.1: Use models to analyze and describe examples of mechanical waves’ properties (e.g., wavelength, frequency, speed, amplitude, rarefaction, and compression).
PHS.7: Students will examine different forms of energy and energy transformations.
PHS.7.2: Use scientific investigations to explore the transformation of energy from one type to another (e.g., potential to kinetic energy, and mechanical, chemical, electrical, thermal, radiant, and nuclear energy interactions).
PHS.7.4: Conduct investigations to provide evidence of the conservation of energy as energy is converted from one form of energy to another (e.g., wind to electric, chemical to thermal, mechanical to thermal, and potential to kinetic).
Correlation last revised: 1/22/2020