College- and Career-Readiness Standards
BIO.1A: Students will demonstrate an understanding of the characteristics of life and biological organization.
BIO.1A.1: Develop criteria to differentiate between living and non-living things.
BIO.1B: Students will analyze the structure and function of the macromolecules that make up cells.
BIO.1B.1: Develop and use models to compare and contrast the structure and function of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids (DNA and RNA) in organisms.
BIO.1B.2: Design and conduct an experiment to determine how enzymes react given various environmental conditions (i.e., pH, temperature, and concentration). Analyze, interpret, graph, and present data to explain how those changing conditions affect the enzyme activity and the rate of the reactions that take place in biological organisms.
BIO.1C: Students will relate the diversity of organelles to a variety of specialized cellular functions.
BIO.1C.3: Contrast the structure of viruses with that of cells, and explain why viruses must use living cells to reproduce.
BIO.1D: Students will describe the structure of the cell membrane and analyze how the structure is related to its primary function of regulating transport in and out of cells to maintain homeostasis.
BIO.1D.1: Plan and conduct investigations to prove that the cell membrane is a semi-permeable, allowing it to maintain homeostasis with its environment through active and passive transport processes.
BIO.1D.2: Develop and use models to explain how the cell deals with imbalances of solute concentration across the cell membrane (i.e., hypertonic, hypotonic, and isotonic conditions, sodium/potassium pump).
BIO.1E: Students will develop and use models to explain the role of the cell cycle during growth, development, and maintenance in multicellular organisms.
BIO.1E.3: Relate the processes of cellular reproduction to asexual reproduction in simple organisms (i.e., budding, vegetative propagation, regeneration, binary fission). Explain why the DNA of the daughter cells is the same as the parent cell.
BIO.2: Students will explain that cells transform energy through the processes of photosynthesis and cellular respiration to drive cellular functions.
BIO.2.2: Develop models of the major reactants and products of photosynthesis to demonstrate the transformation of light energy into stored chemical energy in cells. Emphasize the chemical processes in which bonds are broken and energy is released, and new bonds are formed and energy is stored.
BIO.2.3: Develop models of the major reactants and products of cellular respiration (aerobic and anaerobic) to demonstrate the transformation of the chemical energy stored in food to the available energy of ATP. Emphasize the chemical processes in which bonds are broken and energy is released, and new bonds are formed and energy is stored.
BIO.3B: Students will analyze and interpret data collected from probability calculations to explain the variation of expressed traits within a population.
BIO.3B.1: Demonstrate Mendel’s law of dominance and segregation using mathematics to predict phenotypic and genotypic ratios by constructing Punnett squares with both homozygous and heterozygous allele pairs.
BIO.3B.3: Investigate traits that follow non-Mendelian inheritance patterns (e.g., incomplete dominance, codominance, multiple alleles in human blood types, and sex-linkage).
BIO.3B.4: Analyze and interpret data (e.g., pedigrees, family, and population studies) regarding Mendelian and complex genetic traits (e.g., sickle-cell anemia, cystic fibrosis, muscular dystrophy, color-blindness, and hemophilia) to determine patterns of inheritance and disease risk.
BIO.3C: Students will construct an explanation based on evidence to describe how the structure and nucleotide base sequence of DNA determines the structure of proteins or RNA that carry out essential functions of life.
BIO.3C.1: Develop and use models to explain the relationship between DNA, genes, and chromosomes in coding the instructions for the traits transferred from parent to offspring.
BIO.3C.2: Evaluate the mechanisms of transcription and translation in protein synthesis.
BIO.3C.3: Use models to predict how various changes in the nucleotide sequence (e.g., point mutations, deletions, and additions) will affect the resulting protein product and the subsequent inherited trait.
BIO.4: Students will analyze and interpret evidence to explain the unity and diversity of life.
BIO.4.5: Use Darwin's Theory to explain how genetic variation, competition, overproduction, and unequal reproductive success acts as driving forces of natural selection and evolution.
BIO.5: Students will Investigate and evaluate the interdependence of living organisms and their environment.
BIO.5.2: Analyze models of the cycling of matter (e.g., carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, and water) between abiotic and biotic factors in an ecosystem and evaluate the ability of these cycles to maintain the health and sustainability of the ecosystem.
BIO.5.4: Develop and use models to describe the flow of energy and amount of biomass through food chains, food webs, and food pyramids.
BIO.5.6: Analyze and interpret population data, both density-dependent and density-independent, to define limiting factors. Use graphical representations (growth curves) to illustrate the carrying capacity within ecosystems.
Correlation last revised: 3/1/2018