4.P1.1a: Natural cycles and patterns include:
4.P1.1a.1: Earth spinning around once every 24 hours (rotation), resulting in day and night
4.P1.1a.3: the length of daylight and darkness varying with the seasons
4.P1.1c: The Sun and other stars appear to move in a recognizable pattern both daily and seasonally.
4.P2.1c: Water is recycled by natural processes on Earth.
4.P2.1c.1: evaporation: changing of water (liquid) into water vapor (gas)
4.P2.1c.2: condensation: changing of water vapor (gas) into water (liquid)
4.P2.1c.3: precipitation: rain, sleet, snow, hail
4.P2.1c.4: runoff: water flowing on Earth s surface
4.P2.1c.5: groundwater: water that moves downward into the ground
4.P3.1a: Matter takes up space and has mass. Two objects cannot occupy the same place at the same time.
4.P3.1c: Objects have properties that can be observed, described, and/ or measured: length, width, volume, size, shape, mass or weight, temperature, texture, flexibility, reflective- ness of light.
4.P3.1e: The material(s) an object is made up of determine some specific properties of the object (sink/ float, conductivity, magnetism). Properties can be observed or measured with tools such as hand lenses, metric rulers, thermometers, balances, magnets, circuit testers, and graduated cylinders.
4.P3.1f: Objects and/ or materials can be sorted or classified according to their properties.
4.P3.1g: Some properties of an object are dependent on the conditions of the present surroundings in which the object exists. For example:
4.P3.1g.2: lighting -shadows, color
4.P3.2b: Temperature can affect the state of matter of a substance.
4.P4.1a: Energy exists in various forms: heat, electric, sound, chemical, mechanical, light.
4.P4.1b: Energy can be transferred from one place to another.
4.P4.1c: Some materials transfer energy better than others (heat and electricity).
4.P4.1d: Energy and matter interact: water is evaporated by the Sun s heat; a bulb is lighted by means of electrical current; a musical instrument is played to produce sound; dark colors may absorb light, light colors may reflect light.
4.P4.1e: Electricity travels in a closed circuit.
4.P5.1b: The position or direction of motion of an object can be changed by pushing or pulling.
4.P5.1c: The force of gravity pulls objects toward the center of Earth.
4.P5.1d: The amount of change in the motion of an object is affected by friction.
4.P5.1f: Mechanical energy may cause change in motion through the application of force and through the use of simple machines such as pulleys, levers, and inclined planes.
4.L1.1b: Plants require air, water, nutrients, and light in order to live and thrive.
4.L1.2a: Living things grow, take in nutrients, breathe, reproduce, eliminate waste, and die.
4.L2.1a: Some traits of living things have been inherited (e.g., color of flowers and number of limbs of animals).
4.L2.2a: Plants and animals closely resemble their parents and other individuals in their species.
4.L2.2b: Plants and animals can transfer specific traits to their offspring when they reproduce.
4.L3.1b: Each plant has different structures that serve different functions in growth, survival, and reproduction.
4.L3.1b.3: stems, stalks, trunks, and other similar structures provide support for the plant
4.L3.1b.5: flowers are reproductive structures of plants that produce fruit which contains seeds
4.L3.2b: All individuals have variations, and because of these variations, individuals of a species may have an advantage in surviving and reproducing.
4.L4.1a: Plants and animals have life cycles. These may include beginning of a life, development into an adult, reproduction as an adult, and eventually death.
4.L4.1d: Life cycles of some plants include changes from seed to mature plant.
4.L4.2a: Growth is the process by which plants and animals increase in size.
4.L5.1a: All living things grow, take in nutrients, breathe, reproduce, and eliminate waste.
4.L6.1a: Green plants are producers because they provide the basic food supply for them- selves and animals.
4.L6.1b: All animals depend on plants. Some animals (predators) eat other animals (prey).
4.L6.1c: Animals that eat plants for food may in turn become food for other animals. This sequence is called a food chain.
4.L6.1d: Decomposers are living things that play a vital role in recycling nutrients.
4.L6.2b: The Sun s energy is transferred on Earth from plants to animals through the food chain.
4.L6.2c: Heat energy from the Sun powers the water cycle (see Physical Science Key Idea 2).
4.L7.1b: Over time humans have changed their environment by cultivating crops and raising animals, creating shelter, using energy, manufacturing goods, developing means of transportation, changing populations, and carrying out other activities.
4.L7.1c: Humans, as individuals or communities, change environments in ways that can be either helpful or harmful for themselves and other organisms.
Correlation last revised: 4/4/2018