4.P1.1a: Natural cycles and patterns include:
4.P1.1a.1: Earth spinning around once every 24 hours (rotation), resulting in day and night
4.P1.1a.3: the length of daylight and darkness varying with the seasons
4.P2.1c: Water is recycled by natural processes on Earth.
4.P2.1c.1: evaporation: changing of water (liquid) into water vapor (gas)
4.P2.1c.2: condensation: changing of water vapor (gas) into water (liquid)
4.P2.1c.3: precipitation: rain, sleet, snow, hail
4.P2.1c.4: runoff: water flowing on Earth s surface
4.P2.1c.5: groundwater: water that moves downward into the ground
4.P3.1a: Matter takes up space and has mass. Two objects cannot occupy the same place at the same time.
4.P3.1c: Objects have properties that can be observed, described, and/ or measured: length, width, volume, size, shape, mass or weight, temperature, texture, flexibility, reflective- ness of light.
4.P3.1e: The material(s) an object is made up of determine some specific properties of the object (sink/ float, conductivity, magnetism). Properties can be observed or measured with tools such as hand lenses, metric rulers, thermometers, balances, magnets, circuit testers, and graduated cylinders.
4.P3.1f: Objects and/ or materials can be sorted or classified according to their properties.
4.P3.1g: Some properties of an object are dependent on the conditions of the present surroundings in which the object exists. For example:
4.P3.1g.2: lighting -shadows, color
4.P3.2b: Temperature can affect the state of matter of a substance.
4.P4.1a: Energy exists in various forms: heat, electric, sound, chemical, mechanical, light.
4.P4.1b: Energy can be transferred from one place to another.
4.P4.1c: Some materials transfer energy better than others (heat and electricity).
4.P4.1d: Energy and matter interact: water is evaporated by the Sun s heat; a bulb is lighted by means of electrical current; a musical instrument is played to produce sound; dark colors may absorb light, light colors may reflect light.
4.P4.1e: Electricity travels in a closed circuit.
4.P5.1b: The position or direction of motion of an object can be changed by pushing or pulling.
4.P5.1c: The force of gravity pulls objects toward the center of Earth.
4.P5.1d: The amount of change in the motion of an object is affected by friction.
4.P5.1f: Mechanical energy may cause change in motion through the application of force and through the use of simple machines such as pulleys, levers, and inclined planes.
4.L1.1b: Plants require air, water, nutrients, and light in order to live and thrive.
4.L1.2a: Living things grow, take in nutrients, breathe, reproduce, eliminate waste, and die.
4.L2.1a: Some traits of living things have been inherited (e.g., color of flowers and number of limbs of animals).
4.L2.2a: Plants and animals closely resemble their parents and other individuals in their species.
4.L2.2b: Plants and animals can transfer specific traits to their offspring when they reproduce.
4.L3.1b: Each plant has different structures that serve different functions in growth, survival, and reproduction.
4.L3.1b.3: stems, stalks, trunks, and other similar structures provide support for the plant
4.L3.1b.5: flowers are reproductive structures of plants that produce fruit which contains seeds
4.L4.1a: Plants and animals have life cycles. These may include beginning of a life, development into an adult, reproduction as an adult, and eventually death.
4.L4.1d: Life cycles of some plants include changes from seed to mature plant.
4.L4.2a: Growth is the process by which plants and animals increase in size.
4.L5.1a: All living things grow, take in nutrients, breathe, reproduce, and eliminate waste.
4.L6.1a: Green plants are producers because they provide the basic food supply for them- selves and animals.
4.L6.1b: All animals depend on plants. Some animals (predators) eat other animals (prey).
4.L6.1c: Animals that eat plants for food may in turn become food for other animals. This sequence is called a food chain.
4.L6.1d: Decomposers are living things that play a vital role in recycling nutrients.
4.L6.2b: The Sun s energy is transferred on Earth from plants to animals through the food chain.
4.L6.2c: Heat energy from the Sun powers the water cycle (see Physical Science Key Idea 2).
Correlation last revised: 9/24/2019