PRR: Polynomial, Rational, and Radical Relationships

(Framing Text): Perform arithmetic operations with complex numbers.

PRR.M.A2HS.1: Know there is a complex number i such that i² = −1, and every complex number has the form a + bi with a and b real.

Points in the Complex Plane
Roots of a Quadratic

(Framing Text): Use complex numbers in polynomial identities and equations.

PRR.M.A2HS.3: Solve quadratic equations with real coefficients that have complex solutions. Instructional Note: Limit to polynomials with real coefficients.

Points in the Complex Plane
Roots of a Quadratic

(Framing Text): Interpret the structure of expressions.

PRR.M.A2HS.6: Interpret expressions that represent a quantity in terms of its context.

PRR.M.A2HS.6.a: Interpret parts of an expression, such as terms, factors, and coefficients.

Compound Interest
Exponential Growth and Decay
Unit Conversions

PRR.M.A2HS.6.b: Interpret complicated expressions by viewing one or more of their parts as a single entity.

Compound Interest
Exponential Growth and Decay
Translating and Scaling Functions
Using Algebraic Expressions

PRR.M.A2HS.7: Use the structure of an expression to identify ways to rewrite it.

Equivalent Algebraic Expressions II
Factoring Special Products
Modeling the Factorization of ax2+bx+c
Modeling the Factorization of x2+bx+c
Simplifying Algebraic Expressions I
Simplifying Algebraic Expressions II
Solving Algebraic Equations II

(Framing Text): Perform arithmetic operations on polynomials.

PRR.M.A2HS.9: Understand that polynomials form a system analogous to the integers, namely, they are closed under the operations of addition, subtraction, and multiplication; add, subtract, and multiply polynomials.

Addition of Polynomials

(Framing Text): Understand the relationship between zeros and factors of polynomials.

PRR.M.A2HS.10: Know and apply the Remainder Theorem: For a polynomial p(x) and a number a, the remainder on division by x – a is p(a), so p(a) = 0 if and only if (x – a) is a factor of p(x).

Dividing Polynomials Using Synthetic Division

PRR.M.A2HS.11: Identify zeros of polynomials when suitable factorizations are available, and use the zeros to construct a rough graph of the function defined by the polynomial.

Polynomials and Linear Factors
Quadratics in Factored Form

(Framing Text): Use polynomial identities to solve problems.

PRR.M.A2HS.13: Know and apply the Binomial Theorem for the expansion of (x + y)ⁿ in powers of x and y for a positive integer n, where x and y are any numbers, with coefficients determined for example by Pascal’s Triangle.

Binomial Probabilities

(Framing Text): Understand solving equations as a process of reasoning and explain the reasoning.

PRR.M.A2HS.16: Solve simple rational and radical equations in one variable, and give examples showing how extraneous solutions may arise. Instructional Note: Extend to simple rational and radical equations.

Radical Functions

(Framing Text): Represent and solve equations and inequalities graphically.

PRR.M.A2HS.17: Explain why the x-coordinates of the points where the graphs of the equations y = f(x) and y = g(x) intersect are the solutions of the equation f(x) = g(x); find the solutions approximately, e.g., using technology to graph the functions, make tables of values, or find successive approximations.

Cat and Mouse (Modeling with Linear Systems)
Point-Slope Form of a Line
Solving Equations by Graphing Each Side
Solving Linear Systems (Matrices and Special Solutions)
Solving Linear Systems (Slope-Intercept Form)
Standard Form of a Line

(Framing Text): Analyze functions using different representations.

PRR.M.A2HS.18: Graph functions expressed symbolically and show key features of the graph, by hand in simple cases and using technology for more complicated cases. Graph polynomial functions, identifying zeros when suitable factorizations are available, and showing end behavior.

Absolute Value with Linear Functions
Exponential Functions
Graphs of Polynomial Functions
Introduction to Exponential Functions
Logarithmic Functions
Quadratics in Factored Form
Quadratics in Polynomial Form
Quadratics in Vertex Form
Radical Functions

TF: Trigonometric Functions

(Framing Text): Model periodic phenomena with trigonometric functions.

TF.M.A2HS.21: Choose trigonometric functions to model periodic phenomena with specified amplitude, frequency, and midline.

Sound Beats and Sine Waves

(Framing Text): Prove and apply trigonometric identities.

TF.M.A2HS.22: Prove the Pythagorean identity sin²(θ) + cos²(θ) = 1 and use it to find sin (θ), cos (θ), or tan (θ), given sin (θ), cos (θ), or tan (θ), and the quadrant of the angle.

Simplifying Trigonometric Expressions
Sine, Cosine, and Tangent Ratios

MF: Modeling with Functions

(Framing Text): Create equations that describe numbers or relationships.

MF.M.A2HS.23: Create equations and inequalities in one variable and use them to solve problems.

Absolute Value Equations and Inequalities
Arithmetic Sequences
Compound Interest
Exploring Linear Inequalities in One Variable
Exponential Growth and Decay
Geometric Sequences
Modeling and Solving Two-Step Equations
Quadratic Inequalities
Solving Linear Inequalities in One Variable
Solving Two-Step Equations

MF.M.A2HS.24: Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities; graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales.

2D Collisions
Air Track
Compound Interest
Determining a Spring Constant
Golf Range
Points, Lines, and Equations
Slope-Intercept Form of a Line

MF.M.A2HS.25: Represent constraints by equations or inequalities, and by systems of equations and/or inequalities, and interpret solutions as viable or non-viable options in a modeling context. (e.g., Represent inequalities describing nutritional and cost constraints on combinations of different foods.)

Linear Inequalities in Two Variables
Linear Programming
Solving Linear Systems (Standard Form)
Systems of Linear Inequalities (Slope-intercept form)

MF.M.A2HS.26: Rearrange formulas to highlight a quantity of interest, using the same reasoning as in solving equations. (e.g., Rearrange Ohm’s law V = IR to highlight resistance R.) While functions will often be linear, exponential, or quadratic the types of problems should draw from more complex situations than those addressed in Algebra I.

Area of Triangles
Solving Formulas for any Variable

(Framing Text): Interpret functions that arise in applications in terms of a context.

MF.M.A2HS.27: For a function that models a relationship between two quantities, interpret key features of graphs and tables in terms of the quantities, and sketch graphs showing key features given a verbal description of the relationship. Key features include: intercepts; intervals where the function is increasing, decreasing, positive, or negative; relative maximums and minimums; symmetries; end behavior; and periodicity.

Absolute Value with Linear Functions
Cat and Mouse (Modeling with Linear Systems)
Exponential Functions
General Form of a Rational Function
Graphs of Polynomial Functions
Logarithmic Functions
Points, Lines, and Equations
Quadratics in Factored Form
Quadratics in Polynomial Form
Quadratics in Vertex Form
Radical Functions
Roots of a Quadratic
Slope-Intercept Form of a Line
Translating and Scaling Sine and Cosine Functions

MF.M.A2HS.28: Relate the domain of a function to its graph and, where applicable, to the quantitative relationship it describes. (e.g., If the function h(n) gives the number of person-hours it takes to assemble n engines in a factory, then the positive integers would be an appropriate domain for the function.)

Introduction to Functions
Logarithmic Functions
Radical Functions

MF.M.A2HS.29: Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.

Distance-Time Graphs
Distance-Time and Velocity-Time Graphs

(Framing Text): Analyze functions using different representations.

MF.M.A2HS.30: Graph functions expressed symbolically and show key features of the graph, by hand in simple cases and using technology for more complicated cases.

MF.M.A2HS.30.a: Graph square root, cube root, and piecewise-defined functions, including step functions and absolute value functions.

Absolute Value with Linear Functions
Radical Functions

MF.M.A2HS.30.b: Graph exponential and logarithmic functions, showing intercepts and end behavior, and trigonometric functions, showing period, midline, and amplitude.

Cosine Function
Exponential Functions
Exponential Growth and Decay
Logarithmic Functions
Logarithmic Functions: Translating and Scaling
Sine Function
Tangent Function

MF.M.A2HS.32: Compare properties of two functions each represented in a different way (algebraically, graphically, numerically in tables, or by verbal descriptions). (e.g., Given a graph of one quadratic function and an algebraic expression for another, say which has the larger maximum.)

General Form of a Rational Function
Graphs of Polynomial Functions
Linear Functions
Logarithmic Functions
Quadratics in Polynomial Form
Quadratics in Vertex Form

(Framing Text): Build a function that models a relationship between two quantities.

MF.M.A2HS.33: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities. Combine standard function types using arithmetic operations. (e.g., Build a function that models the temperature of a cooling body by adding a constant function to a decaying exponential, and relate these functions to the model.)

Addition and Subtraction of Functions
Points, Lines, and Equations

(Framing Text): Build new functions from existing functions.

MF.M.A2HS.34: Identify the effect on the graph of replacing f(x) by f(x) + k, k f(x), f(kx), and f(x + k) for specific values of k (both positive and negative); find the value of k given the graphs. Experiment with cases and illustrate an explanation of the effects on the graph using technology. Include recognizing even and odd functions from their graphs and algebraic expressions for them.

Absolute Value with Linear Functions
Exponential Functions
Introduction to Exponential Functions
Rational Functions
Translating and Scaling Functions
Translating and Scaling Sine and Cosine Functions
Translations
Zap It! Game

MF.M.A2HS.35: Find inverse functions. Solve an equation of the form f(x) = c for a simple function f that has an inverse and write an expression for the inverse. (e.g., f(x) = 2 x³ or f(x) = (x+1)/(x-1) for x ≠ 1.)

Logarithmic Functions

(Framing Text): Construct and compare linear, quadratic, and exponential models and solve problems.

MF.M.A2HS.36: For exponential models, express as a logarithm the solution to a b to the ct power = d where a, c, and d are numbers and the base b is 2, 10, or e; evaluate the logarithm using technology.

Logarithmic Functions

ICD: Inferences and Conclusions from Data

(Framing Text): Understand and evaluate random processes underlying statistical experiments.

ICD.M.A2HS.39: Decide if a specified model is consistent with results from a given data-generating process, e.g., using simulation. (e.g., A model says a spinning coin falls heads up with probability 0.5. Would a result of 5 tails in a row cause you to question the model?)

Polling: City
Polling: Neighborhood
Populations and Samples

(Framing Text): Make inferences and justify conclusions from sample surveys, experiments, and observational studies.

ICD.M.A2HS.41: Use data from a sample survey to estimate a population mean or proportion; develop a margin of error through the use of simulation models for random sampling.

Estimating Population Size
Polling: City
Polling: Neighborhood

ICD.M.A2HS.42: Use data from a randomized experiment to compare two treatments; use simulations to decide if differences between parameters are significant.

Real-Time Histogram
Sight vs. Sound Reactions

(Framing Text): Use probability to evaluate outcomes of decisions.

ICD.M.A2HS.44: Use probabilities to make fair decisions (e.g., drawing by lots or using a random number generator).

Probability Simulations
Theoretical and Experimental Probability

ICD.M.A2HS.45: Analyze decisions and strategies using probability concepts (e.g., product testing, medical testing, and/or pulling a hockey goalie at the end of a game).

Estimating Population Size
Probability Simulations
Theoretical and Experimental Probability

Correlation last revised: 5/20/2019

This correlation lists the recommended Gizmos for this state's curriculum standards. Click any Gizmo title below for more information.