P.12.A: Students understand that atomic structure explains the properties and behavior of matter.
P.12.A.1: Students know different molecular arrangements and motions account for the different physical properties of solids, liquids, and gases.
P.12.A.2: Students know elements in the periodic table are arranged into groups and periods by repeating patterns and relationships.
P.12.A.4: Students know atoms bond with one another by transferring or sharing electrons.
P.12.A.5: Students know chemical reactions can take place at different rates, depending on a variety of factors (i.e. temperature, concentration, surface area, and agitation).
P.12.A.6: Students know chemical reactions either release or absorb energy.
P.12.A.7: Students know that, in chemical reactions, elements combine in predictable ratios, and the numbers of atoms of each element do not change.
P.12.A.8: Students know most elements have two or more isotopes, some of which have practical applications.
P.12.A.9: Students know the number of electrons in an atom determines whether the atom is electrically neutral or an ion.
P.12.B: Students understand the interactions between force and motion.
P.12.B.1: Students know laws of motion can be used to determine the effects of forces on the motion of objects.
P.12.B.2: Students know magnetic forces and electric forces can be thought of as different aspects of electromagnetic force.
P.12.B.3: Students know the strength of the electric force between two objects increases with charge and decreases with distance.
P.12.B.4: Students know the strength of the gravitational force between two objects increases with mass and decreases rapidly with distance.
P.12.C: Students understand that there are interactions between matter and energy.
P.12.C.2: Students know energy forms can be converted.
P.12.C.4: Students know characteristics, applications and impacts of radioactivity.
P.12.C.5: Students know the relationship between heat and temperature.
E.12.A: Students understand heat and energy transfer in and out of the atmosphere and influence weather and climate.
E.12.A.3: Students understand the role of the atmosphere in Earth’s greenhouse effect.
E.12.B: Students know scientific theories of origins and evolution of the universe.
E.12.B.1: Students know common characteristics of stars.
E.8.B.7: Students know regular and predictable motions of Earth around the Sun and the Moon around the Earth explain such phenomena as the day, the year, phases of the Moon, and eclipses.
E.12.C: Students understand evidence for processes that take place on a geologic time scale.
E.12.C.2: Students understand the concept of plate tectonics including the evidence that supports it (structural, geophysical and paleontological evidence).
E.12.C.3: Students know elements exist in fixed amounts and move through solid earth, oceans, atmosphere and living things as part of biogeochemical cycles.
L.12.A: Students understand how genetic information is passed from one generation to another.
L.12.A.1: Students know genetic information passed from parents to offspring is coded in the DNA molecule.
L.12.A.2: Students know DNA molecules provide instructions for assembling protein molecules.
L.12.A.5: Students know how to predict patterns of inheritance.
L.12.B: Students understand that all life forms, at all levels of organization, use specialized structure and similar processes to meet life's needs.
L.12.B.1: Students know cell structures and their functions.
L.12.C: Students understand that ecosystems display patterns of organization, change, and stability as a result of the interactions and interdependencies among the living and non-living components of the Earth.
L.12.C.1: Students know relationships of organisms and their physical environment
L.12.C.2: Students know how changes in an ecosystem can affect biodiversity and biodiversity's contribution to an ecosystem's stability.
L.12.C.3: Students know the amount of living matter an environment can support is limited by the availability of matter, energy, and the ability of the ecosystem to recycle materials.
L.12.D: Students understand biological evolution and diversity of life.
L.12.D.1: Students know organisms can be classified based on evolutionary relationships.
L.12.D.3: Students know the fossil record gives evidence for natural selection and its evolutionary consequences.
L.12.D.5: Students know biological evolution explains diversity of life.
L.12.D.6: Students know the concepts of natural and artificial selection.
Correlation last revised: 4/4/2018