P.5: Physical Science

P.5.A: Students understand properties of objects and materials.

P.5.A.1: Students know matter exists in different states (i.e., solid, liquid, gas) which have distinct physical properties.

 Phases of Water

P.5.A.2: Students know heating or cooling can change some common materials, such as water, from one state to another.

 Phases of Water

P.5.A.3: Students know materials can be classified by their observable physical and chemical properties (e.g., magnetism, conductivity, density, and solubility).

 Density Experiment: Slice and Dice
 Mineral Identification

P.5.A.5: Students know the mass of a material remains constant whether it is together, in parts, or in a different state.

 Chemical Changes

P.5.B: Students understand that forces can change the position and motion of an object.

P.5.B.1: Students know that, when an unbalanced force is applied to an object, the object either speeds up, slows down, or goes in a different direction.

 Force and Fan Carts

P.5.B.2: Students know how the strength of a force and mass of an object influence the amount of change in an object's motion.

 Force and Fan Carts

P.5.B.3: Students know a magnetic force causes certain kinds of objects to attract and repel each other.


P.5.B.4: Students know electrically charged particles can attract or repel other electrically-charged material (eg., static electricity).

 Charge Launcher

P.5.B.5: Students know Earth's gravity pulls any object toward it without touching it.

 Free Fall Tower

P.5.C: Students understand that energy exists in different forms.

P.5.C.1: Students know light can be described in terms of simple properties (e.g., color, brightness, reflection).

 Additive Colors
 Subtractive Colors

P.5.C.4: Students know heat can move from one object to another by conduction, and some materials conduct heat better than others.

 Conduction and Convection
 Heat Transfer by Conduction

P.5.C.5: Students know the organization of a simple electrical circuit (i.e., battery or generator, wire, a complete loop through which the electrical current can pass).

 Circuit Builder

E.5: Earth and Space Science

E.5.A: Students understand the water cycle's relationship to weather.

E.5.A.1: Students know the Sun is the main source of energy for planet Earth.

 Energy Conversions

E.5.A.2: Students know the processes of the water cycle, including the role of the Sun.

 Water Cycle

E.5.A.4: Students know the role of water in many phenomena related to weather (e.g., thunderstorms, snowstorms, flooding, drought).

 Water Cycle

E.5.B: Students understand that there are many components in the solar system including Earth.

E.5.B.2: Students know the solar system includes the Sun, planets, and moons.

 Comparing Earth and Venus
 Solar System

E.5.B.4: Students know there are cyclical patterns of observable objects in the solar system.

 Comparing Earth and Venus
 Solar System

E.5.C: Students understand that features on the Earth's surface are constantly changed by a combination of slow and rapid processes.

E.5.C.3: Students know landforms may result from slow processes (e.g. erosion and deposition) and fast processes (e.g. volcanoes, earthquakes, landslides, flood, and human activity).

 Rock Cycle

L.5: Life Science

L.5.A: Students understand that some characteristics are inherited and some are not.

L.5.A.1: Students know some physical characteristics and behaviors that are inherited in animals and plants.


L.5.A.3: Students know that, while offspring resemble their parents and each other, they also exhibit differences in characteristics.


L.5.A.5: Students know some animal behaviors are learned.

 Reverse the Field

L.5.B: Students understand that living things have specialized structures that perform a variety of life functions.

L.5.B.1: Students know plants and animals have structures that enable them to grow, reproduce, and survive.

 Flower Pollination

L.5.C: Students understand that there is a variety of ecosystems on Earth and organisms interact within their ecosystems.

L.5.C.1: Students know the organization of simple food webs.

 Forest Ecosystem

L.5.C.2: Students know organisms interact with each other and with the non-living parts of their ecosystem.

 Pond Ecosystem

L.5.C.3: Students know changes to an environment can be beneficial or detrimental to different organisms.

 Rabbit Population by Season

L.5.C.4: Students know all organisms, including humans, can cause changes in their environments.

 Pond Ecosystem
 Water Pollution

Correlation last revised: 1/20/2017

This correlation lists the recommended Gizmos for this state's curriculum standards. Click any Gizmo title below for more information.