### SP1: Obtain, evaluate, and communicate information about the relationship between distance, displacement, speed, velocity, and acceleration as functions of time.

#### SP1.a: Plan and carry out an investigation of one-dimensional motion to calculate average and instantaneous speed and velocity. Analyze one-dimensional problems involving changes of direction, using algebraic signs to represent vector direction. Apply one-dimensional kinematic equations to situations with no acceleration, and positive, or negative constant acceleration.

Distance-Time and Velocity-Time Graphs - Metric

Free-Fall Laboratory

#### SP1.b: Analyze and interpret data using created or obtained motion graphs to illustrate the relationships among position, velocity, and acceleration, as functions of time.

Distance-Time Graphs

Distance-Time Graphs - Metric

Distance-Time and Velocity-Time Graphs - Metric

Feed the Monkey (Projectile Motion)

Free-Fall Laboratory

Golf Range

#### SP1.d: Analyze and interpret data of two-dimensional motion with constant acceleration. Resolve position, velocity, or acceleration vectors into components (x and y, horizontal and vertical). Add vectors graphically and mathematically by adding components. Interpret problems to show that objects moving in two dimensions have independent motions along each coordinate axis. Design an experiment to investigate the projectile motion of an object by collecting and analyzing data using kinematic equations. Predict and describe how changes to initial conditions affect the resulting motion. Calculate range and time in the air for a horizontally launched projectile. Predict and describe how changes to initial conditions affect the resulting motion. Calculate range and time in the air for a horizontally launched projectile.

Adding Vectors

Feed the Monkey (Projectile Motion)

Golf Range

Uniform Circular Motion

### SP2: Obtain, evaluate, and communicate information about how forces affect the motion of objects.

#### SP2.a: Construct an explanation based on evidence using Newton’s Laws of how forces affect the acceleration of a body. Explain and predict the motion of a body in absence of a force and when forces are applied using Newton’s 1st Law (principle of inertia). Calculate the acceleration for an object using Newton’s 2nd Law, including situations where multiple forces act together. Identify the pair of equal and opposite forces between two interacting bodies and relate their magnitudes and directions using Newton’s 3rd Law.

Atwood Machine

Crumple Zones

Fan Cart Physics

Feed the Monkey (Projectile Motion)

Free-Fall Laboratory

Inclined Plane - Simple Machine

#### SP2.b: Develop and use a model of a Free Body Diagram to represent the forces acting on an object (both equilibrium and non-equilibrium).

Atwood Machine

Inclined Plane - Simple Machine

Pith Ball Lab

#### SP2.c: Use mathematical representations to calculate magnitudes and vector components for typical forces including gravitational force, normal force, friction forces, tension forces, and spring forces.

Atwood Machine

Electromagnetic Induction

Golf Range

Gravitational Force

Inclined Plane - Simple Machine

Pith Ball Lab

#### SP2.d: Plan and carry out an investigation to gather evidence to identify the force or force component responsible for causing an object to move along a circular path. Calculate the magnitude of a centripetal acceleration.

Uniform Circular Motion

#### SP2.e: Develop and use a model to describe the mathematical relationship between mass, distance, and force as expressed by Newton’s Universal Law of Gravitation.

Pith Ball Lab

### SP3: Obtain, evaluate, and communicate information about the importance of conservation laws for mechanical energy and linear momentum in predicting the behavior of physical systems.

#### SP3.b: Use mathematics and computational thinking to analyze, evaluate, and apply the principle of conservation of energy and the Work-Kinetic Energy Theorem. Calculate the kinetic energy of an object. Calculate the amount of work performed by a force on an object.

Air Track

Energy Conversion in a System

Energy of a Pendulum

Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects

Pulley Lab

Roller Coaster Physics

#### SP3.d: Construct an argument supported by evidence of the use of the principle of conservation of momentum to explain how the brief application of a force creates an impulse; describe and perform calculations involving one dimensional momentum; connect the concepts of Newton’s 3rd law and impulse; experimentally compare and contrast inelastic and elastic collisions.

2D Collisions

Air Track

Inclined Plane - Simple Machine

### SP4: Obtain, evaluate, and communicate information about the properties and applications of waves.

#### SP4.a: Develop and use mathematical models to explain mechanical and electromagnetic waves as a propagating disturbance that transfers energy.

Longitudinal Waves

#### SP4.b: Develop and use models to describe and calculate characteristics related to the interference and diffraction of waves (single and double slits).

Ripple Tank

#### SP4.c: Construct an argument that analyzes the production and characteristics of sounds waves.

Longitudinal Waves

Waves

#### SP4.d: Plan and carry out investigations to characterize the properties and behavior of electromagnetic waves.

Basic Prism

Photoelectric Effect

Ray Tracing (Lenses)

Ray Tracing (Mirrors)

Refraction

#### SP4.e: Plan and carry out investigations to describe common features of light in terms of color, polarization, spectral composition, and wave speed in transparent media. Analyze experimentally and mathematically aspects of reflection and refraction of light waves and describe the results using optical ray diagrams. Perform calculations related to reflections from plane surfaces and focusing using thin lenses.

Herschel Experiment - Metric

Laser Reflection

Ray Tracing (Lenses)

Ray Tracing (Mirrors)

Refraction

#### SP4.f: Plan and carry out investigations to identify the behavior of light using lenses.

Ray Tracing (Lenses)

#### SP4.g: Plan and carry out investigations to describe changes in diffraction patterns associated with geometry and wavelength for mechanical and electromagnetic waves.

Ripple Tank

### SP5: Obtain, evaluate, and communicate information about electrical and magnetic force interactions.

#### SP5.a: Develop and use mathematical models and generate diagrams to compare and contrast the electric and gravitational forces between two charged objects.

Pith Ball Lab

#### SP5.e: Plan and carry out investigations to clarify the relationship between electric currents and magnetic fields.

Electromagnetic Induction

Magnetic Induction

### SP6: Obtain, evaluate, and communicate information about nuclear changes of matter and related technological applications.

#### SP6.a: Develop and use models to explain, compare, and contrast nuclear processes including radioactive decay, fission, and fusion.

Half-life

Nuclear Decay

Nuclear Reactions

#### SP6.b: Construct an argument to compare and contrast mechanisms and characteristics of radioactive decay.

Nuclear Decay

#### SP6.c: Develop and use mathematical models and representations to calculate the amount of substance present after a given amount of time based on its half-life and relate this to the law of conservation of mass and energy.

Half-life

Correlation last revised: 9/16/2020