II: Content of Science

II.I: Understand the structure and properties of matter, the characteristics of energy, and the interactions between matter and energy.

II.I.I: Know the forms and properties of matter and how matter interacts.

II.I.I.PM: Properties of Matter

II.I.I.PM.1: Know how to use density, boiling point, freezing point, conductivity, and color to identify various substances.

Circuit Builder
Color Absorption
Density Experiment: Slice and Dice
Density Laboratory
Heat Absorption
Mineral Identification

II.I.I.PM.2: Distinguish between metals and non-metals.

Mineral Identification

II.I.I.PM.3: Understand the differences among elements, compounds, and mixtures by:

II.I.I.PM.3.b: interpretation of chemical formulas

Chemical Equations

II.I.I.SM: Structure of Matter

II.I.I.SM.4: Identify the protons, neutrons, and electrons within an atom and describe their locations (i.e., in the nucleus or in motion outside the nucleus).

Element Builder

II.I.I.SM.5: Explain that elements are organized in the periodic table according to their properties.

Element Builder

II.I.I.SM.6: Know that compounds are made of two or more elements, but not all sets of elements can combine to form compounds.

Covalent Bonds
Ionic Bonds

II.I.I.CM: Changes in Matter

II.I.I.CM.7: Know that phase changes are physical changes that can be reversed (e.g., evaporation, condensation, melting).

Phase Changes

II.I.I.CM.8: Describe various familiar physical and chemical changes that occur naturally (e.g., snow melting, photosynthesis, rusting, burning).

Cell Energy Cycle
Photosynthesis Lab

II.I.I.CM.10: Know that chemical reactions can absorb energy (endothermic reactions) or release energy (exothermic reactions).

Chemical Changes

II.I.II: Explain the physical processes involved in the transfer, change, and conservation of energy.

II.I.II.ET: Energy Transformation

II.I.II.ET.1: Know that energy exists in many forms and that when energy is transformed some energy is usually converted to heat.

Energy Conversion in a System
Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects

II.I.II.ET.2: Know that kinetic energy is a measure of the energy of an object in motion and potential energy is a measure of an object's position or composition, including:

II.I.II.ET.2.a: transformation of gravitational potential energy of position into kinetic energy of motion by a falling object.

Energy Conversion in a System
Energy of a Pendulum
Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects
Roller Coaster Physics
Sled Wars

II.I.II.ET.4: Know that electrical energy is the flow of electrons through electrical conductors that connect sources of electrical energy to points of use, including:

II.I.II.ET.4.a: electrical current paths through parallel and series circuits

Advanced Circuits
Circuit Builder
Circuits

II.I.II.ET.4.c: use of electricity by appliances and equipment (e.g., calculators, hair dryers, light bulbs, motors).

Electromagnetic Induction

II.I.II.W: Waves

II.I.II.W.5: Understand how light and radio waves carry energy through vacuum or matter by:

II.I.II.W.5.a: straight-line travel unless an object is encountered

Basic Prism
Heat Absorption
Longitudinal Waves
Refraction
Ripple Tank

II.I.II.W.5.b: reflection by a mirror, refraction by a lens, absorption by a dark object

Color Absorption
Heat Absorption
Herschel Experiment - Metric
Laser Reflection
Radiation
Ray Tracing (Lenses)
Ray Tracing (Mirrors)

II.I.II.W.5.c: separation of white light into different wavelengths by prisms

Basic Prism
Herschel Experiment - Metric

II.I.II.W.5.d: visibility of objects due to light emission or scattering.

Herschel Experiment - Metric

II.I.II.W.6: Understand that vibrations of matter (e.g., sound, earthquakes, water waves) carry wave energy, including:

II.I.II.W.6.a: sound transmission through solids, liquids, and gases

Longitudinal Waves

II.I.II.W.6.b: relationship of pitch and loudness of sound to rate and distance (amplitude) of vibration

Hearing: Frequency and Volume

II.I.III: Describe and explain forces that produce motion in objects.

II.I.III.F: Forces

II.I.III.F.1: Know that there are fundamental forces in nature (e.g., gravity, electromagnetic forces, nuclear forces).

Free Fall Tower
Free-Fall Laboratory
Gravitational Force

II.I.III.F.2: Know that a force has both magnitude and direction.

Gravitational Force

II.I.III.F.3: Analyze the separate forces acting on an object at rest or in motion (e.g., gravity, elastic forces, friction), including how multiple forces reinforce or cancel one another to result in a net force that acts on an object.

Free-Fall Laboratory

II.I.III.F.4: Know that electric charge produces electrical fields and magnets produce magnetic fields.

Magnetism

II.I.III.F.5: Know how a moving magnetic field can produce an electric current (generator) and how an electric current can produce a magnetic field (electromagnet).

Electromagnetic Induction
Magnetic Induction

II.I.III.M: Motion

II.I.III.M.7: Know that an object’s motion is always described relative to some other object or point (i.e., frame of reference).

Free Fall Tower
Free-Fall Laboratory

II.I.III.M.8: Understand and apply Newton's Laws of Motion:

II.I.III.M.8.a: Objects in motion will continue in motion and objects at rest will remain at rest unless acted upon by an unbalanced force (inertia).

Fan Cart Physics

II.I.III.M.8.c: If an object has more mass the effect of an applied force is proportionally less.

Fan Cart Physics

II.II: Understand the properties, structures, and processes of living things and the interdependence of living things and their environments.

II.II.I: Explain the diverse structures and functions of living things and the complex relationships between living things and their environments.

II.II.I.1: Describe how matter moves through ecosystems (e.g., water cycle, carbon cycle).

Carbon Cycle
Cell Energy Cycle
Plants and Snails
Water Cycle

II.II.I.2: Describe how energy flows through ecosystems (e.g., sunlight, green plants, food for animals).

Food Chain
Forest Ecosystem

II.II.I.3: Explain how a change in the flow of energy can impact an ecosystem (e.g., the amount of sunlight available for plant growth, global climate change).

Coral Reefs 1 - Abiotic Factors

II.II.II: Understand how traits are passed from one generation to the next and how species evolve.

II.II.II.2: Identify DNA as the chemical compound involved in heredity in living organisms.

Mouse Genetics (One Trait)
Mouse Genetics (Two Traits)

II.II.III: Understand the structure of organisms and the function of cells in living systems.

II.II.III.1: Describe how cells use chemical energy obtained from food to conduct cellular functions (i.e., respiration).

Cell Energy Cycle

II.II.III.2: Explain that photosynthesis in green plants captures the energy from the sun and stores it chemically.

Cell Energy Cycle
Photosynthesis Lab
Pond Ecosystem

II.III: Understand the structure of Earth, the solar system, and the universe, the interconnections among them, and the processes and interactions of Earth's systems.

II.III.I: Describe how the concepts of energy, matter, and force can be used to explain the observed behavior of the solar system, the universe, and their structures.

II.III.I.2: Explain how the properties of light (e.g., emission, reflection, refraction) emitted from the sun and stars are used to learn about the universe, including:

II.III.I.2.a: distances in the solar system and the universe

Solar System Explorer

II.III.I.2.b: temperatures of different stars.

H-R Diagram

II.III.I.3: Understand how gravitational force acts on objects in the solar system and the universe, including:

II.III.I.3.b: explanation of the orbits of the planets around the sun.

Gravity Pitch
Solar System Explorer

II.III.II: Describe the structure of Earth and its atmosphere and explain how energy, matter, and forces shape Earth's systems.

II.III.II.1: Describe the role of pressure (and heat) in the rock cycle.

Rock Cycle

II.III.II.2: Understand the unique role water plays on Earth, including:

II.III.II.2.b: properties of water related to processes in the water cycle: evaporation, condensation, precipitation, surface run-off, percolation

Water Cycle

II.III.II.2.d: fresh and salt water in oceans, rivers, lakes, and glaciers

Pond Ecosystem

II.III.II.2.e: reactant in photosynthesis.

Cell Energy Cycle
Photosynthesis Lab

Correlation last revised: 5/21/2019

This correlation lists the recommended Gizmos for this state's curriculum standards. Click any Gizmo title below for more information.