II.I.I: Know the forms and properties of matter and how matter interacts.
II.I.I.PM: Properties of Matter
II.I.I.PM.1: Know how to use density, boiling point, freezing point, conductivity, and color to identify various substances.
II.I.I.PM.2: Distinguish between metals and non-metals.
II.I.I.PM.3: Understand the differences among elements, compounds, and mixtures by:
II.I.I.PM.3.b: interpretation of chemical formulas
II.I.I.SM: Structure of Matter
II.I.I.SM.4: Identify the protons, neutrons, and electrons within an atom and describe their locations (i.e., in the nucleus or in motion outside the nucleus).
II.I.I.SM.5: Explain that elements are organized in the periodic table according to their properties.
II.I.I.SM.6: Know that compounds are made of two or more elements, but not all sets of elements can combine to form compounds.
II.I.I.CM: Changes in Matter
II.I.I.CM.7: Know that phase changes are physical changes that can be reversed (e.g., evaporation, condensation, melting).
II.I.I.CM.8: Describe various familiar physical and chemical changes that occur naturally (e.g., snow melting, photosynthesis, rusting, burning).
II.I.I.CM.10: Know that chemical reactions can absorb energy (endothermic reactions) or release energy (exothermic reactions).
II.I.II: Explain the physical processes involved in the transfer, change, and conservation of energy.
II.I.II.ET: Energy Transformation
II.I.II.ET.1: Know that energy exists in many forms and that when energy is transformed some energy is usually converted to heat.
II.I.II.ET.2: Know that kinetic energy is a measure of the energy of an object in motion and potential energy is a measure of an object's position or composition, including:
II.I.II.ET.2.a: transformation of gravitational potential energy of position into kinetic energy of motion by a falling object.
II.I.II.ET.4: Know that electrical energy is the flow of electrons through electrical conductors that connect sources of electrical energy to points of use, including:
II.I.II.ET.4.a: electrical current paths through parallel and series circuits
II.I.II.ET.4.c: use of electricity by appliances and equipment (e.g., calculators, hair dryers, light bulbs, motors).
II.I.II.W.5: Understand how light and radio waves carry energy through vacuum or matter by:
II.I.II.W.5.a: straight-line travel unless an object is encountered
II.I.II.W.5.b: reflection by a mirror, refraction by a lens, absorption by a dark object
II.I.II.W.5.c: separation of white light into different wavelengths by prisms
II.I.II.W.5.d: visibility of objects due to light emission or scattering.
II.I.II.W.6: Understand that vibrations of matter (e.g., sound, earthquakes, water waves) carry wave energy, including:
II.I.II.W.6.a: sound transmission through solids, liquids, and gases
II.I.II.W.6.b: relationship of pitch and loudness of sound to rate and distance (amplitude) of vibration
II.I.III: Describe and explain forces that produce motion in objects.
II.I.III.F.1: Know that there are fundamental forces in nature (e.g., gravity, electromagnetic forces, nuclear forces).
II.I.III.F.2: Know that a force has both magnitude and direction.
II.I.III.F.3: Analyze the separate forces acting on an object at rest or in motion (e.g., gravity, elastic forces, friction), including how multiple forces reinforce or cancel one another to result in a net force that acts on an object.
II.I.III.F.4: Know that electric charge produces electrical fields and magnets produce magnetic fields.
II.I.III.F.5: Know how a moving magnetic field can produce an electric current (generator) and how an electric current can produce a magnetic field (electromagnet).
II.I.III.M.7: Know that an object’s motion is always described relative to some other object or point (i.e., frame of reference).
II.I.III.M.8: Understand and apply Newton's Laws of Motion:
II.I.III.M.8.a: Objects in motion will continue in motion and objects at rest will remain at rest unless acted upon by an unbalanced force (inertia).
II.I.III.M.8.c: If an object has more mass the effect of an applied force is proportionally less.
II.II.I: Explain the diverse structures and functions of living things and the complex relationships between living things and their environments.
II.II.I.1: Describe how matter moves through ecosystems (e.g., water cycle, carbon cycle).
II.II.I.2: Describe how energy flows through ecosystems (e.g., sunlight, green plants, food for animals).
II.II.I.3: Explain how a change in the flow of energy can impact an ecosystem (e.g., the amount of sunlight available for plant growth, global climate change).
II.II.II: Understand how traits are passed from one generation to the next and how species evolve.
II.II.II.2: Identify DNA as the chemical compound involved in heredity in living organisms.
II.II.III: Understand the structure of organisms and the function of cells in living systems.
II.II.III.1: Describe how cells use chemical energy obtained from food to conduct cellular functions (i.e., respiration).
II.II.III.2: Explain that photosynthesis in green plants captures the energy from the sun and stores it chemically.
II.III.I: Describe how the concepts of energy, matter, and force can be used to explain the observed behavior of the solar system, the universe, and their structures.
II.III.I.2: Explain how the properties of light (e.g., emission, reflection, refraction) emitted from the sun and stars are used to learn about the universe, including:
II.III.I.2.a: distances in the solar system and the universe
II.III.I.2.b: temperatures of different stars.
II.III.I.3: Understand how gravitational force acts on objects in the solar system and the universe, including:
II.III.I.3.b: explanation of the orbits of the planets around the sun.
II.III.II: Describe the structure of Earth and its atmosphere and explain how energy, matter, and forces shape Earth's systems.
II.III.II.1: Describe the role of pressure (and heat) in the rock cycle.
II.III.II.2: Understand the unique role water plays on Earth, including:
II.III.II.2.b: properties of water related to processes in the water cycle: evaporation, condensation, precipitation, surface run-off, percolation
II.III.II.2.d: fresh and salt water in oceans, rivers, lakes, and glaciers
II.III.II.2.e: reactant in photosynthesis.
Correlation last revised: 1/23/2020