II.I.I: Know the forms and properties of matter and how matter interacts.
II.I.I.1: Understand that substances have characteristic properties and identify the properties of various substances (e.g., density, boiling point, solubility, chemical reactivity).
II.I.I.2: Use properties to identify substances (e.g., for minerals: the hardness, streak, color, reactivity to acid, cleavage, fracture).
II.I.I.4: Know the differences between chemical and physical properties and how these properties can influence the interactions of matter.
II.I.II: Explain the physical processes involved in the transfer, change, and conservation of energy.
II.I.II.1: Identify various types of energy (e.g., heat, light, mechanical, electrical, chemical, nuclear).
II.I.II.2: Understand that heat energy can be transferred through conduction, radiation and convection.
II.I.II.3: Know that there are many forms of energy transfer but that the total amount of energy is conserved (i.e., that energy is neither created nor destroyed).
II.I.II.4: Understand that some energy travels as waves (e.g., seismic, light, sound), including:
II.I.II.4.b: different wavelengths of sunlight (e.g., visible, ultraviolet, infrared)
II.I.II.4.c: vibrations of matter (e.g., sound, earthquakes)
II.I.II.4.d: different speeds through different materials.
II.I.III: Describe and explain forces that produce motion in objects.
II.I.III.2: Know that gravitational force is hard to detect unless one of the objects (e.g., Earth) has a lot of mass.
II.II.I: Explain the diverse structures and functions of living things and the complex relationships between living things and their environments.
II.II.I.1: Understand how organisms interact with their physical environments to meet their needs (i.e., food, water, air) and how the water cycle is essential to most living systems.
II.III.I: Describe how the concepts of energy, matter, and force can be used to explain the observed behavior of the solar system, the universe, and their structures.
II.III.I.SS: Solar System
II.III.I.SS.3: Identify the components of the solar system, and describe their defining characteristics and motions in space, including:
II.III.I.SS.3.c: nine planets, their moons, asteroids.
II.III.I.SS.4: Know that the regular and predictable motions of the Earth-moon-sun system explain phenomena on Earth, including:
II.III.I.SS.4.a: Earth’s motion in relation to a year, a day, the seasons, the phases of the moon, eclipses, tides, and shadows
II.III.I.SS.4.b: moon’s orbit around Earth once in 28 days in relation to the phases of the moon.
II.III.II: Describe the structure of Earth and its atmosphere and explain how energy, matter, and forces shape Earth's systems.
II.III.II.SE: Structure of Earth
II.III.II.SE.2: Know that Earth’s crust is divided into plates that move very slowly, in response to movements in the mantle.
II.III.II.SE.3: Know that sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic rocks contain evidence of the materials, temperatures, and forces that created them.
II.III.II.WC: Weather and Climate
II.III.II.WC.5: Understand factors that create and influence weather and climate, including:
II.III.II.WC.5.a: heat, air movement, pressure, humidity, oceans
II.III.II.WC.5.c: how weather patterns are related to atmospheric pressure
II.III.II.WC.6: Understand how to use weather maps and data (e.g., barometric pressure, wind speeds, humidity) to predict weather.
II.III.II.CE: Changes to Earth
II.III.II.CE.7: Know that landforms are created and change through a combination of constructive and destructive forces, including:
II.III.II.CE.7.c: impact of volcanoes and faults on New Mexico geology.
Correlation last revised: 1/23/2020