II.I.I: Know the forms and properties of matter and how matter interacts.
II.I.I.1: Describe properties (e.g., relative volume, ability to flow) of the three states of matter.
II.I.I.2: Describe how matter changes from one phase to another (e.g., condensation, evaporation).
II.I.I.5: Describe the relative location and motion of the particles (atoms and molecules) in each state of matter.
II.I.I.6: Explain the relationship between temperature and the motion of particles in each state of matter.
II.I.II: Explain the physical processes involved in the transfer, change, and conservation of energy.
II.I.II.1: Know that heat is transferred from hotter to cooler materials or regions until both reach the same temperature.
II.I.II.2: Know that heat is often produced as a by-product when one form of energy is converted to another form (e.g., when machines or organisms convert stored energy into motion).
II.I.II.3: Know that there are different forms of energy.
II.I.II.4: Describe how energy can be stored and converted to a different form of energy (e.g., springs, gravity) and know that machines and living things convert stored energy to motion and heat.
II.I.III: Describe and explain forces that produce motion in objects.
II.I.III.2: Recognize that acceleration is the change in velocity with time.
II.I.III.4: Understand that when a force (e.g., gravity, friction) acts on an object, the object speeds up, slows down, or goes in a different direction.
II.I.III.5: Identify simple machines and describe how they give advantage to users (e.g., levers, pulleys, wheels and axles, inclined planes, screws, wedges).
II.II.I: Explain the diverse structures and functions of living things and the complex relationships between living things and their environments.
II.II.I.1: Identify the components of habitats and ecosystems (producers, consumers, decomposers, predators).
II.II.I.2: Understand how food webs depict relationships between different organisms.
II.II.I.3: Know that changes in the environment can have different effects on different organisms (e.g., some organisms move, some survive, some reproduce, some die).
II.II.I.4: Describe how human activity impacts the environment.
II.II.II: Understand how traits are passed from one generation to the next and how species evolve.
II.II.II.2: Identify characteristics of an organism that are inherited from its parents (e.g., eye color in humans, flower color in plants) and other characteristics that are learned or result from interactions with the environment.
II.II.II.3: Understand that heredity is the process by which traits are passed from one generation to another.
II.II.III: Understand the structure of organisms and the function of cells in living systems.
II.II.III.3: Describe the relationships among cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, whole organisms, and ecosystems.
II.III.II: Describe the structure of earth and its atmosphere and explain how energy, matter, and forces shape Earth's system.
II.III.II.1: Understand that water and air relate to Earth's processes, including:
II.III.II.1.a: how the water cycle relates to weather
II.III.II.3: Know that most of Earth's surface is covered by water, that most of that water is salt water in oceans, and that fresh water is found in rivers, lakes, underground sources, and glaciers.
II.III.II.4: Recognize that the seasons are caused by Earth's motion around the sun and the tilt of Earth's axis of rotation.
Correlation last revised: 9/16/2020