HS-ESS1: Earth’s Place in the Universe
HS-ESS1-1: Use informational text to explain that the life span of the Sun over approximately 10 billion years is a function of nuclear fusion in its core. Communicate that stars, through nuclear fusion over their life cycle, produce elements from helium to iron and release energy that eventually reaches Earth in the form of radiation.
HS-ESS1-2: Describe the astronomical evidence for the Big Bang theory, including the red shift of light from the motion of distant galaxies as an indication that the universe is currently expanding, the cosmic microwave background as the remnant radiation from the Big Bang, and the observed composition of ordinary matter of the universe, primarily found in stars and interstellar gases, which matches that predicted by the Big Bang theory (3/4 hydrogen and 1/4 helium).
Big Bang Theory - Hubble's Law
HS-ESS1-4: Use Kepler’s Laws to predict the motion of orbiting objects in the solar system. Describe how orbits may change due to the gravitational effects from, or collisions with, other objects in the solar system.
Orbital Motion - Kepler's Laws
Solar System Explorer
HS-ESS2: Earth’s Systems
HS-ESS2-2: Analyze geoscience data to make the claim that one change to Earth’s hydrosphere can create feedbacks that cause changes to other Earth systems.
HS-ESS2-3: Use a model based on evidence of Earth’s interior to describe the cycling of matter due to the outward flow of energy from Earth’s interior and gravitational movement of denser materials toward the interior.
Conduction and Convection
HS-ESS2-4: Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of energy into and out of Earth’s systems over different time scales result in changes in climate. Analyze and interpret data to explain that long-term changes in Earth’s tilt and orbit result in cycles of climate change such as Ice Ages.
Greenhouse Effect - Metric
HS-ESS2-5: Describe how the chemical and physical properties of water are important in mechanical and chemical mechanisms that affect Earth materials and surface processes.
HS-ESS2-6: Use a model to describe cycling of carbon through the ocean, atmosphere, soil, and biosphere and how increases in carbon dioxide concentrations due to human activity has resulted in atmospheric and climate changes.
HS-ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
HS-ESS3-3: Illustrate relationships among management of natural resources, the sustainability of human populations, and biodiversity.
Coral Reefs 1 - Abiotic Factors
Coral Reefs 2 - Biotic Factors
HS-ESS3-5: Analyze results from global climate models to describe how forecasts are made of the current rate of global or regional climate change and associated future impacts to Earth systems.
Greenhouse Effect - Metric
Correlation last revised: 9/16/2020