CILT Standards

2.A.3: Evaluate the numerical value of expressions of one or more variables that are:

2.A.3.b: rational

Dividing Exponential Expressions

2.A.3.c: radical

Simplifying Radicals - Activity A

2.A.4: Simplify algebraic monomial expressions raised to a power (e.g., [5xy^2 ]^3) and algebraic binomial (e.g., [5x^2 + y]^2) expressions raised to a power.

Dividing Exponential Expressions

Multiplying Exponential Expressions

2.A.6: Represent and analyze relationships using written and verbal expressions, tables, equations, and graphs, and describe the connections among those representations:

2.A.6.a: translate from verbal expression to algebraic formulae (e.g., 'Set up the equations that represent the data in the following equation: John’s father is 23 years older than John. John is 4 years older than his sister Jane. John’s mother is 3 years younger than John’s father. John’s mother is 9 times as old as Jane. How old are John, Jane, John’s mother, and John’s father?')

Using Algebraic Equations

Using Algebraic Expressions

2.A.6.b: given data in a table, construct a function that represents these data (linear only)

Linear Functions

Point-Slope Form of a Line - Activity A

Slope-Intercept Form of a Line - Activity A

Using Tables, Rules and Graphs

2.A.6.c: given a graph, construct a function that represents the graph (linear only)

Linear Functions

Point-Slope Form of a Line - Activity A

Slope-Intercept Form of a Line - Activity A

Using Tables, Rules and Graphs

2.A.11: Simplify square roots and cube roots with monomial radicands that are perfect squares or perfect cubes (e.g., 9a²x to the 4th power).

Operations with Radical Expressions

Simplifying Radicals - Activity A

Square Roots

2.A.13: Solve:

2.A.13.a: formulas for specified variables

Solving Formulas for any Variable

2.A.14: Factor polynomials, difference of squares and perfect square trinomials, and the sum and difference of cubes.

Factoring Special Products

Modeling the Factorization of *x*^{2}+*bx*+*c*

2.A.15: Simplify fractions with polynomials in the numerator and denominator by factoring both and reducing them to the lowest terms.

Factoring Special Products

Modeling the Factorization of *x*^{2}+*bx*+*c*

2.A.16: Manipulate simple expressions with + and – exponents.

Dividing Exponential Expressions

Exponents and Power Rules

Multiplying Exponential Expressions

2.A.17: Use the four basic operations (+, -, x, ÷) with:

2.A.17.b: polynomial expressions

Addition of Polynomials - Activity A

Dividing Polynomials Using Synthetic Division

2.B.1: Distinguish between the concept of a relation and a function.

Introduction to Functions

Linear Functions

2.B.2: Determine whether a relation defined by a graph, a set of ordered pairs, a table of values, an equation, or a rule is a function.

Introduction to Functions

Linear Functions

Using Tables, Rules and Graphs

2.B.4: Translate among tabular, symbolic, and graphical representations of functions.

Exponential Functions - Activity A

Introduction to Functions

Linear Functions

Logarithmic Functions: Translating and Scaling

Slope-Intercept Form of a Line - Activity A

Using Algebraic Equations

Using Tables, Rules and Graphs

2.B.6: Determine the domain of independent variables and the range of dependent variables defined by a graph, a set of ordered pairs, or a symbolic expression.

2.B.8: Describe the concept of a graph of an equation.

Defining a Line with Two Points

Point-Slope Form of a Line - Activity A

Slope-Intercept Form of a Line - Activity A

Standard Form of a Line

2.B.10: Analyze and describe middle and end (asymptotic) behavior of linear, quadratic, and exponential functions, and sketch the graphs of functions.

Exponential Functions - Activity A

Linear Functions

Quadratic and Absolute Value Functions

Quadratics in Factored Form

Quadratics in Polynomial Form - Activity A

Roots of a Quadratic

2.B.11: Work with composition of functions (e.g., find f of g when f(x) = 2x - 3 and g(x) = 3x - 2), and find the domain, range, intercepts, zeros, and local maxima or minima of the final function.

Introduction to Functions

Parabolas - Activity A

Polynomials and Linear Factors

2.B.12: Use the quadratic formula and factoring techniques to determine whether the graph of a quadratic function will intersect the x-axis in zero, one, or two points.

Modeling the Factorization of *ax*^{2}+*bx*+*c*

Modeling the Factorization of *x*^{2}+*bx*+*c*

Polynomials and Linear Factors

Roots of a Quadratic

2.C.1: Model real-world phenomena using linear and quadratic equations and linear inequalities (e.g., apply algebraic techniques to solve rate problems, work problems, and percent mixture problems; solve problems that involve discounts, markups, commissions, and profit and compute simple and compound interest; apply quadratic equations to model throwing a baseball in the air ).

Percent of Change

Simple and Compound Interest

Solving Linear Inequalities using Addition and Subtraction

Solving Linear Inequalities using Multiplication and Division

2.C.3: Express the relationship between two variables using a table with a finite set of values and graph the relationship.

Cosine Function

Cubic Function Activity

Exponential Functions - Activity A

Fourth-Degree Polynomials - Activity A

General Form of a Rational Function

Introduction to Functions

Linear Functions

Logarithmic Functions - Activity A

Logarithmic Functions: Translating and Scaling

Quadratic and Absolute Value Functions

Quadratics in Factored Form

Quadratics in Polynomial Form - Activity A

Radical Functions

Rational Functions

Sine Function

Slope-Intercept Form of a Line - Activity A

Tangent Function

Using Tables, Rules and Graphs

2.C.4: Express the relationship between two variables using an equation and a graph:

2.C.4.a: graph a linear equation and linear inequality in two variables

Defining a Line with Two Points

Inequalities Involving Absolute Values

Linear Inequalities in Two Variables - Activity A

Linear Programming - Activity A

Point-Slope Form of a Line - Activity A

Slope-Intercept Form of a Line - Activity A

Solving Linear Inequalities using Addition and Subtraction

Solving Linear Inequalities using Multiplication and Division

Standard Form of a Line

Systems of Linear Inequalities (Slope-intercept form) - Activity A

2.C.4.b: solve linear inequalities and equations in one variable

Modeling One-Step Equations - Activity A

Modeling and Solving Two-Step Equations

Solving Equations By Graphing Each Side

Solving Linear Inequalities using Addition and Subtraction

Solving Linear Inequalities using Multiplication and Division

Solving Two-Step Equations

2.C.4.c: solve systems of linear equations in two variables and graph the solutions

Solving Linear Systems by Graphing

Special Types of Solutions to Linear Systems

Systems of Linear Equations - Activity A

2.C.4.d: use the graph of a system of equations in two variables to help determine the solution

Modeling Linear Systems - Activity A

Point-Slope Form of a Line - Activity A

Slope-Intercept Form of a Line - Activity A

Solving Linear Systems by Graphing

Special Types of Solutions to Linear Systems

Systems of Linear Equations - Activity A

2.C.5: Solve applications involving systems of equations.

Solving Linear Systems by Graphing

Special Types of Solutions to Linear Systems

Systems of Linear Equations - Activity A

2.C.7: Create a linear equation from a table of values containing co-linear data.

Using Algebraic Equations

Using Algebraic Expressions

Using Tables, Rules and Graphs

2.C.8: Determine the solution to a system of equations in two variables from a given graph.

Modeling Linear Systems - Activity A

Point-Slope Form of a Line - Activity A

Slope-Intercept Form of a Line - Activity A

Solving Linear Systems by Graphing

Special Types of Solutions to Linear Systems

Systems of Linear Equations - Activity A

2.C.9: Generate an algebraic sentence to model real-life situations.

Using Algebraic Equations

Using Algebraic Expressions

2.C.10: Write an equation of the line that passes through two given points.

Defining a Line with Two Points

Point-Slope Form of a Line - Activity A

Standard Form of a Line

2.C.11: Understand and use:

2.C.11.a: such operations as taking the inverse, finding the reciprocal, taking a root, and raising to a fractional power

Operations with Radical Expressions

2.C.11.b: the rules of exponents

Dividing Exponential Expressions

Exponents and Power Rules

Multiplying Exponential Expressions

2.C.12: Verify that a point lies on a line, given an equation of the line, and be able to derive linear equations by using the point-slope formula.

Defining a Line with Two Points

Point-Slope Form of a Line - Activity A

2.D.1: Analyze the effects of parameter changes on these functions:

2.D.1.a: linear (e.g., changes in slope or coefficients)

Linear Functions

Point-Slope Form of a Line - Activity A

Slope - Activity B

Slope-Intercept Form of a Line - Activity A

Using Tables, Rules and Graphs

2.D.1.b: quadratic (e.g., f[x-a] changes coefficients and constants)

Parabolas - Activity A

Quadratic and Absolute Value Functions

Quadratics in Factored Form

Quadratics in Polynomial Form - Activity A

Roots of a Quadratic

Translating and Scaling Functions

2.D.1.c: exponential (e.g., changes caused by increasing x[x + c] or [ax])

Exponential Functions - Activity A

Exponential Growth and Decay - Activity B

Parabolas - Activity A

2.D.1.d: polynomial (e.g., changes caused by positive or negative values of a, or in a constant c)

Cubic Function Activity

Fourth-Degree Polynomials - Activity A

Parabolas - Activity A

Quadratics in Factored Form

Quadratics in Polynomial Form - Activity A

Roots of a Quadratic

Translating and Scaling Functions

2.D.2: Solve routine two- and three-step problems relating to change using concepts such as:

2.D.2.b: factoring

Modeling the Factorization of *x*^{2}+*bx*+*c*

2.D.2.c: ratio

Geometric Probability - Activity A

Polling: Neighborhood

2.D.2.d: proportion

2.D.2.e: average

2.D.3: Calculate the percentage of increase and decrease of a quantity.

2.D.4: Analyze the general shape of polynomial expressions and equations for different degree polynomials (e.g., positive and negative general shapes for third-, fourth-, and fifth-degree polynomials).

2.D.5: Estimate the rate of change of a function or equation by finding the slope between two points on the graph.

Distance-Time Graphs

Distance-Time and Velocity-Time Graphs

3.A.1: Interpret and draw two-dimensional objects and find the area and perimeter of basic figures (e.g., rectangles, circles, triangles, other polygons [e.g., rhombi, parallelograms, trapezoids]).

Area of Parallelograms - Activity A

Circle: Circumference and Area

Perimeter, Circumference, and Area - Activity B

Rectangle: Perimeter and Area

3.A.2: Find the area and perimeter of a geometric figure composed of a combination of two or more rectangles, triangles, and/or semicircles with just edges in common.

3.A.3: Find and use measures of sides and interior and exterior angles of triangles and polygons to classify figures (e.g., scalene, isosceles, and equilateral triangles; rectangles [square and non-square]; other convex polygons).

Classifying Triangles

Isosceles and Equilateral Triangles

Parallelogram Conditions

Prisms and Cylinders - Activity A

Pyramids and Cones - Activity A

Special Quadrilaterals

Triangle Angle Sum - Activity A

3.A.4: Interpret and draw three-dimensional objects and find the surface area and volume of basic figures (e.g., spheres, rectangular solids, prisms, polygonal cones), and calculate the surface areas and volumes of these figures as well as figures constructed from unions of rectangular solids and prisms with faces in common, given the formulas for these figures.

Prisms and Cylinders - Activity A

Pyramids and Cones - Activity A

Surface and Lateral Area of Prisms and Cylinders

Surface and Lateral Area of Pyramids and Cones

3.A.6: Demonstrate an understanding of inductive and deductive reasoning, explain the difference between inductive and deductive reasoning, and identify and provide examples of each:

3.A.6.b: for deductive reasoning, prove simple theorems

Biconditional Statement

Conditional Statement

Simplifying Trigonometric Expressions

Sum and Difference Identities for Sine and Cosine

3.A.7: Write geometric proofs (including proofs by contradiction), including:

3.A.7.a: theorems involving the properties of parallel lines cut by a transversal line and the properties of quadrilaterals

Investigating Angle Theorems - Activity A

Parallelogram Conditions

3.A.7.b: theorems involving complementary, supplementary, and congruent angles

Biconditional Statement

Conditional Statement

Investigating Angle Theorems - Activity A

Proving Triangles Congruent

3.A.7.c: theorems involving congruence and similarity

Perimeters and Areas of Similar Figures

Similar Figures - Activity A

Similar Polygons

3.A.7.d: the Pythagorean theorem (tangram proof)

Biconditional Statement

Conditional Statement

Distance Formula - Activity A

Geoboard: The Pythagorean Theorem

Proving Triangles Congruent

Pythagorean Theorem - Activity A

Pythagorean Theorem - Activity B

3.B.1: Demonstrate understanding of the construction of the coordinate plane, know the names of the origin, coordinate axes and four quadrants, draw and label them correctly, find the coordinates of an indicated point, and plot a point with given coordinates.

3.B.2: Determine the midpoint and distance between two points within a coordinate system and relate these ideas to geometric figures in the plane (e.g., find the center of a circle given two endpoints of a diameter of the circle).

Distance Formula - Activity A

Geoboard: The Pythagorean Theorem

Pythagorean Theorem - Activity A

3.B.3: Given two linear equations, determine whether the lines are parallel, perpendicular, or coincide.

Construct Parallel and Perpendicular Lines

3.B.4: Use basic geometric ideas (e.g., the Pythagorean theorem, area, and perimeter of objects) in the context of the Euclidean Plane, calculate the perimeter of a rectangle with integer coordinates and sides parallel to the coordinate axes and with sides not parallel.

Circle: Circumference and Area

Geoboard: The Pythagorean Theorem

Perimeter, Circumference, and Area - Activity B

Pythagorean Theorem - Activity B

Rectangle: Perimeter and Area

3.C.1: Describe the effect of rigid motions on figures in the coordinate plane and space that include rotations, translations, and reflections:

3.C.1.a: determine whether a given pair of figures on a coordinate plane represents the effect of a translation, reflection, rotation, and/or dilation

Dilations

Reflections

Rotations, Reflections and Translations

Translations

3.C.2: Deduce properties of figures using transformations that include translations, rotations, reflections, and dilations in a coordinate system:

3.C.2.a: identify congruency and similarity in terms of transformations

Constructing Congruent Segments and Angles

Dilations

Perimeters and Areas of Similar Figures

Reflections

Rotations, Reflections and Translations

Similar Figures - Activity A

Similar Polygons

Translations

3.C.2.b: determine the effects of the above transformations on linear and area measurements of the original planar figure

Dilations

Prisms and Cylinders - Activity A

Reflections

Rotations, Reflections and Translations

Translations

3.D.1: Solve real-world problems using congruence and similarity relationships of triangles (e.g., find the height of a pole given the length of its shadow).

Congruence in Right Triangles

Perimeters and Areas of Similar Figures

Proving Triangles Congruent

Similar Figures - Activity A

Similar Polygons

3.D.2: Solve problems involving complementary, supplementary, and congruent angles.

Investigating Angle Theorems - Activity A

3.D.3: Solve problems involving the perimeter, circumference, area, volume, and surface area of common geometric figures (e.g., 'Determine the surface area of a can of height h and radius r. How does the surface area change when the height is changed to 3h? How does the surface area change when the radius is changed to 3r? How does the surface area change when both h and r are doubled?').

Circle: Circumference and Area

Perimeter, Circumference, and Area - Activity B

Rectangle: Perimeter and Area

3.D.4: Solve problems using the Pythagorean theorem (e.g., 'Given the length of a ladder and the distance of the base of the ladder from a wall, determine the distance up the wall to the top of the ladder').

Distance Formula - Activity A

Geoboard: The Pythagorean Theorem

Pythagorean Theorem - Activity A

Pythagorean Theorem - Activity B

3.D.5: Understand and use elementary relationships of basic trigonometric functions defined by the angles of a right triangle (e.g., 'What is the radius of a circle with an inscribed regular octagon with the length of each side being exactly 2 feet?').

Sine and Cosine Ratios - Activity A

Sine, Cosine and Tangent

Tangent Ratio

3.D.6: Use trigonometric functions to solve for the length of the second leg of a right triangle given the angles and the length of the first leg. (e.g., 'A surveyor determines that the angle subtended by a two-foot stick at right angles to his transit is exactly one degree. What is the distance from the transit to the base of the measuring stick?').

Sine Function

Sine and Cosine Ratios - Activity A

Sine, Cosine and Tangent

Tangent Function

Tangent Ratio

3.D.7: Know and use angle and side relationships in problems with special right triangles (e.g., 30-, 45-, 60-, and 90-degree triangles).

Sine and Cosine Ratios - Activity A

Sine, Cosine and Tangent

Tangent Ratio

5.A.4: Understand the role of randomization in well-designed surveys and experiments.

5.B.2: Understand the meaning of 'univariate' (i.e., one variable) and 'bivariate' (i.e., two variable) data.

5.B.3: For univariate data, be able to display the distribution and describe its shape using appropriate summary statistics, and understand the distinction between a statistic and a parameter:

5.B.3.a: construct and interpret frequency tables, histograms, stem and leaf plots, and box and whisker plots

Box-and-Whisker Plots

Histograms

Populations and Samples

Stem-and-Leaf Plots

5.B.3.b: calculate and apply measures of central tendency (mean, median, and mode) and measures of variability (range, quartiles, standard deviation)

Box-and-Whisker Plots

Describing Data Using Statistics

Line Plots

Mean, Median and Mode

5.B.3.c: compare distributions of univariate data using back-to-back stem and leaf plots and parallel box and whisker plots

Box-and-Whisker Plots

Populations and Samples

Stem-and-Leaf Plots

5.B.4: For bivariate data, be able to display a scatter plot and describe its shape:

5.B.4.a: fit a linear model to a set of data using technological tools

Correlation

Lines of Best Fit Using Least Squares - Activity A

Solving Using Trend Lines

5.B.4.b: describe and interpret the relationship/correlation between two variables using technological tools

Correlation

Solving Using Trend Lines

5.C.1: Compare and draw conclusions between two or more sets of univariate data using basic data analysis techniques and summary statistics.

5.C.2: Draw conclusions concerning the relationships among bivariate data:

5.C.2.b: determine the strength of the relationship between two sets of data by examining the correlation

Correlation

Solving Using Trend Lines

5.C.2.c: understand that correlation does not imply a cause-and-effect relationship

Correlation

Solving Using Trend Lines

5.C.3: Use simulations to explore the variability of sample statistics from a known population and construct sampling distributions.

Polling: City

Populations and Samples

Probability Simulations

5.C.4: Understand how sample statistics reflect the values of population parameters and use sampling distributions as the basis for informal inference.

5.D.3: Use simulations to compute the expected value and probabilities of random variables in simple cases.

Binomial Probabilities

Probability Simulations

5.D.4: Distinguish between independent and dependent events.

Compound Independent Events

Compound Independent and Dependent Events

Independent and Dependent Events

5.D.5: Understand how to compute the probability of an event using the basic rules of probability:

5.D.5.a: complement rule

5.D.5.b: addition rule (disjoint and joint events)

5.D.5.c: multiplication rule (independent events)

Binomial Probabilities

Compound Independent Events

Compound Independent and Dependent Events

Geometric Probability - Activity A

Independent and Dependent Events

5.D.5.d: conditional probability

Correlation last revised: 11/13/2008