Core Curriculum Content Standards
5.5.A: Matter, Energy and Organization in Living Systems
5.5.A.1: Relate the structure of molecules to their function in cellular structure and metabolism.
5.5.A.2: Explain how plants convert light energy to chemical energy.
5.5.A.3: Describe how plants produce substances high in energy content that become the primary source of energy for life.
5.5.B: Diversity and Biological Evolution
5.5.B.1: Explain that through evolution the Earth's present species developed from earlier distinctly different species.
5.5.B.2: Explain how the theory of natural selection accounts for extinction as well as an increase in the proportion of individuals with advantageous characteristics within a species.
5.5.C: Reproduction and Heredity
5.5.C.1: Describe how information is encoded and transmitted in genetic material.
5.5.C.2: Explain how genetic material can be altered by natural and/or artificial means; mutations and new gene combinations may have positive, negative, or no effect on organisms or species.
5.5.C.3: Assess the impact of current and emerging technologies on our understanding of inherited human characteristics.
5.6.A: Structure and Properties of Matter
5.6.A.1: Know that atoms are made of a positive nucleus surrounded by negative electrons and that the nucleus, a tiny fraction of the volume of an atom, is composed of protons and neutrons, each almost 2,000 times more massive than an electron.
5.6.A.2: Know that the number of protons in the nucleus defines the element.
5.6.A.3: Know that an atom’s electron arrangement, particularly the outermost electrons, determines how the atom can interact with other atoms.
5.6.A.4: Explain that atoms form bonds (ionic and covalent) with other atoms by transferring or sharing electrons.
5.6.A.5: Explain how the Periodic Table of Elements reflects the relationship between the properties of elements and their atomic structure.
5.6.A.6: Know that many biological, chemical and physical phenomena can be explained by changes in the arrangement and motion of atoms and molecules.
5.6.A.7: Recognize that the properties of matter are related to the structure and arrangement of their molecules and atoms, such as in metallic and nonmetallic crystals and carbon compounds.
5.6.A.8: Know that different levels of energy are associated with different arrangements of electrons.
5.6.B: Chemical Reactions
5.6.B.1: Explain that the rate of reactions among atoms and molecules depends on how often they encounter one another and that the rate is affected by nature of reactants, concentration, pressure, temperature, and the presence of a catalyst.
5.7.A: Motion and Forces
5.7.A.1: Apply the mathematical relationship between the mass of an object, the net force exerted on it, and the resulting acceleration.
5.7.A.2: Explain that whenever one object exerts a force on another, an equal and opposite force is exerted on the first object.
5.7.A.3: Recognize gravity as a universal force of attraction between masses and that the force is proportional to the masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them.
5.7.A.4: Recognize that electrically charged bodies can attract or repel each other with a force that depends upon the size and nature of the charges and the distance between them and know that electric forces play an important role in explaining the structure and properties of matter.
5.7.A.5: Know that there are strong forces that hold the nucleus of an atom together and that significant amounts of energy can be released in nuclear reactions (fission, fusion, and nuclear decay) when these binding forces are disrupted.
5.7.A.6: Explain how electromagnetic, gravitational, and nuclear forces can be used to produce energy by causing chemical, physical, or nuclear changes and relate the amount of energy produced to the nature and relative strength of the force.
5.7.B: Energy Transformations
5.7.B.1: Explain how the various forms of energy (heat, electricity, sound, light) move through materials and identify the factors that affect that movement.
5.7.B.2: Explain that while energy can be transformed from one form to another, the total energy of a closed system is constant.
5.7.B.3: Recognize that whenever mechanical energy is transformed, some heat is dissipated and is therefore unavailable for use.
5.7.B.4: Explain the nature of electromagnetic radiation and compare the components of the electromagnetic spectrum from radio waves to gamma rays.
5.8.B: Atmosphere and Water
5.8.B.1: Describe how weather (in the short term) and climate (in the long term) involve the transfer of energy in and out of the atmosphere.
5.8.C: Processes that Shape the Earth
5.8.C.1: Use the theory of plate tectonics to explain the relationship among earthquakes, volcanoes, mid-ocean ridges, and deep-sea trenches.
5.8.C.2: Know that Earth is a system in which chemical elements exist in fixed amounts and move through the solid Earth, oceans, atmosphere, and living things as part of geochemical cycles.
5.8.C.3: Recognize that the evolution of life on Earth has changed the composition of Earth’s atmosphere through time.
5.8.D: How We Study the Earth
5.8.D.1: Analyze the evidence produced by a variety of techniques that is used to understand changes in the Earth that have occurred over time.
5.8.D.1.e: radiometric data
5.9.C.1: Describe the physical characteristics, stages of development, and the apparent motions of stars.
5.9.D: Galaxies and Universe
5.9.D.1: Describe data gathering and observation technologies and explain how they are used to explore the solar system and beyond.
5.10.B: Human Interactions and Impact
5.10.B.1: Assess the impact of human activities on the cycling of matter and the flow of energy through ecosystems.
5.10.B.2: Use scientific, economic, and other data to assess environmental risks and benefits associated with societal activity.
5.3.B: Geometry and Measurement
5.3.B.1: When performing mathematical operations with measured quantities, express answers to reflect the degree of precision and accuracy of the input data.
5.3.C: Patterns and Algebra
5.3.C.1: Apply mathematical models that describe physical phenomena to predict real world events.
5.3.D: Data Analysis and Probability
5.3.D.1: Construct and interpret graphs of data to represent inverse and non-linear relationships, and statistical distributions.
Correlation last revised: 1/20/2017