Grade Level and Grade Span Expectations
ESS1.1.S.ESS188.8.131.52: Explain how heat and energy transfer in and out of the atmosphere; and provide examples of how it is related to weather and climate.
ESS1.2.S.ESS184.108.40.206: Recognize that elements exist in fixed amounts and describe how they move through the solid Earth, oceans, atmosphere, and living things as part of geochemical cycles, such as the water, carbon and nitrogen cycles.
ESS1.2.S.ESS220.127.116.11: Explain the theory of plate tectonics.
ESS1.2.S.ESS18.104.22.168: Describe the movement of crustal plates and explain how the effects have altered the Earth's features.
ESS1.3.S.ESS22.214.171.124: Identify and describe the methods used to measure geologic time, such as fossil identification, radioactive dating, and rock sequences.
ESS1.3.S.ESS126.96.36.199: Relate how geologic time is determined using various dating methods (e.g., radioactive decay, rock sequences, fossil records).
ESS1.4.S.ESS188.8.131.52: Provided with geologic data (including movement of plates) on a given locale, predict the likelihood for an earth event (e.g. volcanoes mountain ranges, islands, earthquakes, tides, tsunamis).
ESS1.5.S.ESS184.108.40.206: Relate plate movement to earthquakes and volcanic activity, and explain how it results in tectonic uplift and mountain building.
ESS1.5.S.ESS220.127.116.11: Trace the development of the theory of plate tectonics.
ESS2.2.S.ESS18.104.22.168: Explain how the inclination of incoming solar radiation can impact the amount of energy Earth receives on any given surface area.
ESS2.3.S.ESS22.214.171.124: Explain how gravitational force influenced the formations of the planets and their moons; and describe how these objects move in patterns under its continued influence.
ESS3.2.S.ESS126.96.36.199: Identify and describe the characteristics common to most stars in the universe.
ESS3.2.S.ESS188.8.131.52: Describe the ongoing processes involved in star formation, their life cycles and their destruction.
ESS4.1.S.ESS184.108.40.206: Describe ways in which technology has increased our understanding of the universe.
ESS4.2.S.ESS220.127.116.11: Describe the use and benefits of land-based light telescopes, radio telescopes, spectrophotometers, satellites, manned exploration, probes, and robots to the study of Earth Space Science.
LS1.1.S.LS18.104.22.168: Describe how organisms are classified into a hierarchy of groups and subgroups, which are based on similarities that reflect their evolutionary relationships.
LS1.1.S.LS22.214.171.124: Differentiate between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells according to general structure and degrees of complexity.
LS1.2.S.LS126.96.36.199: Identify the structures of different types of cell parts/organelles and explain the functions they perform.
LS1.2.S.LS188.8.131.52: Recognize how cell functions are regulated through changes in the activity of the functions performed by proteins, and through the selective expression of individual genes; and explain how this regulation allows cells to respond to their environment and to control and coordinate cell growth and division.
LS1.2.S.LS184.108.40.206: Recognize how an organism's organization and complexity accommodate its need for obtaining, transforming, transporting, releasing, and eliminating the matter and energy used to sustain it.
LS1.2.S.LS220.127.116.11: Explain how the processes of photosynthesis and cellular respiration are interrelated and contribute to biogeochemical cycles.
LS1.2.S.LS18.104.22.168: Recognize that because all matter tends toward more disorganized states, living systems need a continuous input of energy to maintain their chemical and physical organizations.
LS1.2.S.LS22.214.171.124: Use data and observation to make connections between, to explain, or to justify how specific cell organelles produce/regulate what the cell needs or what a unicellular or multi-cellular organism needs for survival (e.g., protein synthesis, DNA transport, nerve cells).
LS1.3.S.LS126.96.36.199: Recognize that new heritable characteristics can only result from new combinations of existing genes or from mutations of genes in an organism's sex cells; and explain why other changes in an organism cannot be passed on.
LS1.3.S.LS188.8.131.52: Explain or justify with evidence how the alteration of the DNA sequence may produce new gene combinations that make little difference, enhance capabilities, or can be harmful to the organism (e.g., selective breeding, genetic engineering, mutations).
LS2.1.S.LS184.108.40.206: Explain how the amount of life an environment can sustain is restricted by the availability of matter and energy, and the ability of the ecosystem to recycle materials.
LS2.1.S.LS220.127.116.11: Describe how the interrelationships and interdependencies among organisms generate stable ecosystems that fluctuate around a state of rough equilibrium for hundreds or thousands of years.
LS2.1.S.LS18.104.22.168: Identify the factors in an ecosystem that can affect its carrying capacity.
LS2.1.S.LS22.214.171.124: Using data from a specific ecosystem, explain relationships or make predictions about how environmental disturbance (human impact or natural events) affects the flow of energy or cycling of matter in an ecosystem.
LS2.1.S.LS126.96.36.199: Explain or evaluate potential bias in how evidence is interpreted in reports concerning a particular environmental factor that impacts the biology of humans.
LS2.2.S.LS188.8.131.52: Use examples from local ecosystems to describe the relationships among organisms at the different trophic levels.
LS2.2.S.LS184.108.40.206: Explain that as matter and energy flow through different levels of organization in living systems and between living systems and the environment, elements, such as carbon and nitrogen, are recombined in different ways.
LS2.2.S.LS220.127.116.11: Trace the cycling of matter (e.g., carbon cycle) and the flow of energy in a living system from its source through its transformation in cellular, biochemical processes (e.g., photosynthesis, cellular respiration, fermentation).
LS3.1.S.LS18.104.22.168: Identify ways humans can impact and alter the stability of ecosystems, such as habitat destruction, pollution, and consumption of resources; and describe the potentially irreversible effects these changes can cause.
LS3.1.S.LS22.214.171.124: Identify ways of detecting, and limiting or reversing environmental damage.
LS3.2.S.LS126.96.36.199: Explain evolution in terms of how the Earth's present-day life forms evolved from earlier, distinctly different species as a consequence of the interactions of (1) the potential for a species to increase its numbers, (2) the genetic variability of offspring due to mutation and recombination of genes, (3) a finite supply of the resources required for life, and (4) the ensuing selection.
LS3.2.S.LS188.8.131.52: Given information about living or extinct organisms, cite evidence to explain the frequency of inherited characteristics of organisms in a population; or explain the evolution of varied structures (with defined functions) that affected the organisms' survival in a specific environment (e.g., giraffe, wind pollination of flowers).
LS3.3.S.LS184.108.40.206: Explain the concept of natural selection.
LS3.3.S.LS220.127.116.11: Recognize how a species' chance of survival increases with each variation of an organism within the species; and explain how, in the event of a major global change, the greater the diversity of species on Earth, the greater the chance for survival of life.
LS3.3.S.LS18.104.22.168: Identify and describe ways genes may be changed and combined to create genetic variation within a species.
LS3.3.S.LS22.214.171.124: Explain that gene mutations and new combinations may have a variety of effects on the organism, including positive and negative ones, or none at all.
LS3.3.S.LS126.96.36.199: Explain the concepts of Mendelian genetics.
LS3.3.S.LS188.8.131.52: Use pedigree charts and Punnet Squares to determine patterns of inheritance.
LS4.1.S.LS184.108.40.206: Recognize that the immune system, endocrine system, and nervous system can affect the homeostasis of an organism.
LS4.1.S.LS220.127.116.11: Describe how the functions of all the human body systems are interrelated at a chemical level and how they maintain homeostasis.
LS4.2.S.LS18.104.22.168: Explain that disease in organisms can be caused by intrinsic failures of the system or infection by other organisms, and describe as well as provide examples of how some diseases are caused by: the breakdown in cellular function, congenital conditions, genetic disorders, malnutrition, and emotional health, including stress.
LS4.2.S.LS22.214.171.124: Describe and provide examples of how new medical techniques, efficient health care delivery systems, improved sanitation, and a more complete understanding of the nature of disease provides today's humans a better chance of staying healthier than their forebears.
LS4.2.S.LS126.96.36.199: Use evidence to make and support conclusions about the ways that humans or other organisms are affected by environmental factors or heredity (e.g., pathogens, diseases, medical advances, pollution, mutations).
PS1.1.S.PS188.8.131.52: Recognize how elements are arranged in the periodic table; and explain how this arrangement illustrates the repeating patterns among elements with similar properties, such as the relationship between atomic number and atomic mass.
PS1.1.S.PS184.108.40.206: Define isotopes; recognize that most elements have two or more isotopes; and explain that although the number of neutrons has little affect on how the atom interacts with others, they do affect the mass and stability of the nucleus.
PS1.1.S.PS220.127.116.11: Scientific thought about atoms has changed over time. Using information (narratives or models of atoms) provided, cite evidence that changed our understanding of the atom and the development of atomic theory.
PS1.1.S.PS18.104.22.168: Model and explain the structure of an atom or explain how an atom's electron configuration, particularly the outermost electron(s), determines how that atom can interact with other atoms.
PS1.2.S.PS22.214.171.124: Determine whether an atom is either electrically neutral or an ion by referring to its number of electrons.
PS1.2.S.PS126.96.36.199: Explain how the chemical properties of an element are governed by the electron configuration of atoms, and describe how atoms interact with one another by transferring or sharing the outermost electrons.
PS1.2.S.PS188.8.131.52: Explain that radioactive materials are unstable and undergo spontaneous nuclear reactions, which emit particles and/or wavelike radiation.
PS1.2.S.PS184.108.40.206: Explain that states of matter rely on the arrangement and motion of molecules; and differentiate between the structures of solids, liquids, and gases.
PS1.2.S.PS220.127.116.11: Explain how properties of elements and the location of elements on the periodic table are related.
PS2.1.S.PS18.104.22.168: Recognize that atoms interact with one another by transferring or sharing electrons that are furthest from the nucleus; and explain that the outer electrons govern the chemical properties of an element.
PS2.1.S.PS22.214.171.124: Explain that compounds are formed through both ionic and covalent bonding.
PS2.1.S.PS126.96.36.199: Recognize that the rates of chemical reactions can vary greatly; and identify the factors that influence these reaction rates, such as how often the reacting atoms and molecules encounter one another, the temperature, and the properties of the reacting species, including shape.
PS2.2.S.PS188.8.131.52: Explain that chemical reactions either release or consume energy.
PS2.2.S.PS184.108.40.206: Explain that chemical reactions can be accelerated by catalysts, such as enzymes.
PS2.2.S.PS220.127.116.11: Recognize that a large number of important reactions involve the transfer of either electrons or hydrogen ions between reacting ions, molecules, or atoms.
PS2.3.S.PS18.104.22.168: Explain that all energy can be considered to be either kinetic energy, potential energy, or energy contained by a field.
PS2.3.S.PS22.214.171.124: Provide examples of how kinetic and potential energy can be transformed from one to the other.
PS2.3.S.PS126.96.36.199: Describe how the energy associated with individual atoms and molecules can be used to identify the substances they comprise; and explain that each kind of atom or molecule can gain or lose energy only in particular discrete amounts, absorbing and emitting light only at wavelengths corresponding to these amounts.
PS2.3.S.PS188.8.131.52: Recognize that the human eye can only see a narrow range of wavelengths within the electromagnetic spectrum; and explain how the variations of wavelength within that range of visible light are perceived as differences in color.
PS2.3.S.PS184.108.40.206: Describe the relationship between heat and temperature, explaining that heat energy consists of the random motion and vibrations of atoms, molecules, and ions; and that the higher the temperature, the greater the atomic or molecular motion.
PS3.1.S.PS220.127.116.11: Explain that magnetic forces are related to the action of electrons and can be thought of as different aspects of a single electromagnetic force; and describe how the interplay of these forces is the basis for electric motors, generators, radio, television, and many other modern technologies.
PS3.1.S.PS18.104.22.168: Recognize that the strength of the electric force between two charged objects is proportional to the charges and, as with gravitation, is inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them.
PS3.1.S.PS22.214.171.124: Recognize that the strength of the gravitational force between two masses is proportional to the masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them.
PS3.1.S.PS126.96.36.199: Recognize that different kinds of materials respond to electric forces in various ways; and differentiate between insulators, semiconductors, conductors and superconductors.
PS3.1.S.PS188.8.131.52: Given information (e.g., graphs, data, diagrams), use the relationships between or among force, mass, velocity, momentum, and acceleration to predict and explain the motion of objects.
PS3.2.S.PS184.108.40.206: Interpret and apply the laws of motion to determine the effects of forces on the motion of objects.
PS4.1.S.PS220.127.116.11: Recognize that the basic principles of energy, work and power are related to design technology.
PS4.3.A.S.PS18.104.22.168: Explain that power systems have a source of energy, a process, loads, and some have a feedback system.
PS4.3.A.S.PS22.214.171.124: Calculate the efficiency of an engine, and explain why a perfectly efficient engine is impossible.
PS4.3.A.S.PS126.96.36.199: Explain the relationship between energy and power.
Correlation last revised: 9/16/2020