Standard Course of Study
B.2.01: Compare and contrast the structure and functions of the following organic molecules:
B.2.01.d: Nucleic acids.
B.2.02: Investigate and describe the structure and functions of cells including:
B.2.02.a: Cell organelles.
B.2.02.b: Cell specialization.
B.2.02.c: Communication among cells within an organism.
B.2.03: Investigate and analyze the cell as a living system including:
B.2.03.a: Maintenance of homeostasis.
B.2.03.b: Movement of materials into and out of cells.
B.2.05: Investigate and analyze the bioenergetic reactions:
B.2.05.a: Aerobic Respiration.
B.3.01: Analyze the molecular basis of heredity including:
B.3.01.a: DNA replication.
B.3.01.b: Protein synthesis (transcription, translation).
B.3.01.c: Gene regulation.
B.3.02: Compare and contrast the characteristics of asexual and sexual reproduction.
B.3.03: Interpret and predict patterns of inheritance.
B.3.03.a: Dominant, recessive and intermediate traits.
B.3.03.b: Multiple alleles.
B.3.03.c: Polygenic inheritance.
B.3.03.e: Independent assortment.
B.3.03.f: Test cross.
B.3.03.h: Punnett squares.
B.3.04: Assess the impact of advances in genomics on individuals and society.
B.3.04.a: Human genome project.
B.3.05: Examine the development of the theory of evolution by natural selection including:
B.3.05.c: Fossil and biochemical evidence.
B.3.05.d: Mechanisms of evolution.
B.4.01: Analyze the classification of organisms according to their evolutionary relationships.
B.4.01.d: Classify organisms using keys.
B.4.02: Analyze the processes by which organisms representative of the following groups accomplish essential life functions including:
B.4.02.a: Unicellular protists, annelid worms, insects, amphibians, mammals, non vascular plants, gymnosperms and angiosperms.
B.4.02.b: Transport, excretion, respiration, regulation, nutrition, synthesis, reproduction, and growth and development.
B.4.03: Assess, describe and explain adaptations affecting survival and reproductive success.
B.4.03.a: Structural adaptations in plants and animals (form to function).
B.4.03.b: Disease-causing viruses and microorganisms.
B.4.04: Analyze and explain the interactive role of internal and external factors in health and disease:
B.5.01: Investigate and analyze the interrelationships among organisms, populations, communities, and ecosystems.
B.5.01.a: Techniques of field ecology.
B.5.01.c: Carrying capacity.
B.5.02: Analyze the flow of energy and the cycling of matter in the ecosystem
B.5.02.a: Relationship of the carbon cycle to photosynthesis and respiration.
B.5.02.b: Trophic levels - direction and efficiency of energy transfer.
B.5.03: Assess human population and its impact on local ecosystems and global environments:
B.5.03.b: Factors associated with those changes.
B.5.03.d: Resource use.
B.5.03.e: Sustainable practices/stewardship.
C.2.01: Analyze the historical development of the current atomic theory.
C.2.01.a: Early contributions: Democritus and Dalton.
C.2.01.b: The discovery of the electron: Thomson and Millikan.
C.2.01.c: The discovery of the nucleus, proton and neutron: Rutherford and Chadwick.
C.2.01.d: The Bohr model.
C.2.01.e: The quantum mechanical model.
C.2.02: Examine the nature of atomic structure.
C.2.02.a: Subatomic particles: protons, neutrons, and electrons.
C.2.02.b: Mass number.
C.2.02.c: Atomic number.
C.2.03: Apply the language and symbols of chemistry.
C.2.03.a: Name compounds using the IUPAC conventions.
C.2.03.b: Write formulas of simple compounds from their names.
C.2.04: Identify substances using their physical properties:
C.2.04.a: Melting points.
C.2.05: Analyze the basic assumptions of kinetic molecular theory and its applications:
C.2.05.b: Combined Gas Law.
C.2.06: Assess bonding in metals and ionic compounds as related to chemical and physical properties.
C.2.08: Assess the dynamics of physical equilibria.
C.2.08.b: Factors that affect phase changes.
C.3.01: Analyze periodic trends in chemical properties and use the periodic table to predict properties of elements.
C.3.01.a: Groups (families).
C.3.01.c: Representative elements (main group) and transition elements.
C.3.01.d: Electron configuration and energy levels.
C.3.01.f: Atomic and ionic radii.
C.3.02: Apply the mole concept, Avogadro's number and conversion factors to chemical calculations.
C.3.02.b: Mass to moles.
C.3.02.c: Volume of a gas to moles.
C.3.03: Calculate quantitative relationships in chemical reactions (stoichiometry).
C.3.03.a: Moles of each species in a reaction.
C.3.03.b: Mass of each species in a reaction.
C.3.03.c: Volumes of gaseous species in a reaction.
C.4.01: Analyze the Bohr model in terms of electron energies in the hydrogen atom.
C.4.01.b: Emission and absorption of electromagnetic energy as electrons change energy levels.
C.4.02: Analyze the law of conservation of energy, energy transformation, and various forms of energy involved in chemical and physical processes.
C.4.02.a: Differentiate between heat and temperature.
C.4.02.b: Analyze heating and cooling curves.
C.4.02.c: Calorimetry, heat of fusion and heat of vaporization calculations.
C.4.02.e: Diagrams (energy vs reaction pathway), enthalpy and activation energy.
C.4.04: Analyze nuclear energy.
C.4.04.a: Radioactivity: characteristics of alpha, beta and gamma radiation.
C.4.04.b: Decay equations for alpha and beta emission.
C.5.01: Identify various types of chemical reactions:
C.5.01.a: Single replacement.
C.5.03: Identify the indicators of chemical change:
C.5.03.d: Absorption or release of heat.
C.5.04: Identify the physical and chemical behaviors of acids and bases.
C.5.04.a: General properties of acids and bases.
C.5.04.f: pH and pOH.
C.5.05: Analyze oxidation/reduction reactions with regard to the transfer of electrons.
C.5.05.b: Identify the elements oxidized and reduced.
C.5.06: Assess the factors that affect the rates of chemical reactions.
C.5.06.a: The nature of the reactants.
C.5.06.d: Surface area.
E.2.02: Analyze the historical development of the theory of plate tectonics.
E.2.03: Investigate and analyze the processes responsible for the rock cycle:
E.2.03.a: Analyze the origin, texture and mineral composition of rocks.
E.2.03.b: Trace the path of elements through the rock cycle.
E.2.03.c: Relate rock formation to plate tectonics.
E.2.03.d: Identify forms of energy that drive the rock cycle.
E.2.03.e: Analyze the relationship between the rock cycle and processes in the atmosphere and hydrosphere.
E.2.04: Analyze seismic waves including velocity and refraction to:
E.2.04.b: Locate earthquake epicenters.
E.2.04.c: Measure earthquake magnitude.
E.2.04.d: Evaluate the level of seismic activity in North Carolina.
E.2.05: Create and interpret topographic, soil and geologic maps using scale and legends.
E.2.06: Investigate and analyze the importance and impact of the economic development of earth's finite rock, mineral, soil, fossil fuel and other natural resources to society and our daily lives:
E.2.06.b: Geographic distribution.
E.2.06.e: Environmental impact.
E.2.07: Analyze the sources and impacts of society's use of energy.
E.2.07.b: The impact of human choices on Earth and its systems (e.g., global warming, smog, thermal pollution).
E.3.01: Assess evidence to interpret the order and impact of events in the geologic past:
E.3.01.b: Statistical models of radioactive decay.
E.3.01.c: Fossil evidence of past life.
E.4.01: Evaluate erosion and depositional processes:
E.4.01.c: Effects on water quality.
E.4.01.d: Effect of human choices on the rate of erosion.
E.4.03: Analyze the mechanisms that produce the various types of shorelines and their resultant landforms:
E.4.03.d: Human impact.
E.4.04: Evaluate water resources:
E.4.04.c: Environmental impacts of a growing human population.
E.4.05: Investigate and analyze environmental issues and solutions for North Carolina's river basins, wetlands, and tidal environments:
E.4.05.a: Water quality.
E.5.01: Analyze air masses and the life cycle of weather systems:
E.5.01.a: Planetary wind belts.
E.5.03: Analyze global atmospheric changes including changes in CO2, CH4, and stratospheric O3 and the consequences of these changes:
E.5.03.a: Climate change.
E.5.03.b: Changes in weather patterns.
E.6.02: Analyze planetary motion and the physical laws that explain that motion:
E.6.02.d: Effects of the tilt of the earth's axis.
E.6.03: Examine the sources of stellar energies.
E.6.03.a: Life cycle of stars.
E.6.03.b: Hertzsprung – Russell Diagram.
E.6.04: Assess the spectra generated by stars and our sun as indicators of motion and composition (the Doppler effect).
E.6.05: Evaluate astronomers' use of various technologies to extend their senses:
PS.2.01: Measure and mathematically/graphically analyze motion:
PS.2.01.b: Uniform motion.
PS.2.02: Investigate and analyze forces as interactions that can change motion:
PS.2.02.a: In the absence of a force, an object in motion will remain in motion or an object at rest will remain at rest until acted on by an unbalanced force.
PS.2.02.b: Change in motion of an object (acceleration) is directly proportional to the unbalanced outside force and inversely proportional to the mass.
PS.2.02.c: Whenever one object exerts a force on another, an equal and opposite force is exerted by the second on the first.
PS.3.01: Investigate and analyze storage of energy:
PS.3.01.a: Kinetic energy.
PS.3.01.b: Potential energies: gravitational, chemical, electrical, elastic, nuclear.
PS.3.03: Investigate and analyze transfer of energy by heating:
PS.3.03.b: Energy will not spontaneously flow from a lower temperature to a higher temperature.
PS.3.03.c: It is impossible to build a machine that does nothing but convert thermal energy into useful work.
PS.3.04: Investigate and analyze the transfer of energy by waves:
PS.3.04.a: General characteristics of waves: amplitude, frequency/period, wavelength, velocity of propagation.
PS.3.04.b: Mechanical waves.
PS.3.04.c: Sound waves.
PS.4.01: Investigate and analyze the nature of static electricity and the conservation of electrical charge:
PS.4.01.a: Positive and negative charges.
PS.4.01.b: Opposite charges attract and like charges repel.
PS.4.02: Investigate and analyze direct current electrical circuits:
PS.4.02.a: Ohm's law.
PS.4.02.b: Series circuits.
PS.4.02.c: Parallel circuits.
PS.5.01: Develop an understanding of how scientific processes have led to the current atomic theory.
PS.5.01.a: Dalton’s atomic theory.
PS.5.01.d: Bohr’s planetary model.
PS.5.01.e: Electron cloud model.
PS.5.02: Examine the nature of atomic structure:
PS.5.02.d: Atomic mass.
PS.5.02.e: Atomic number.
PS.5.03: Identify substances through the investigation of physical properties:
PS.5.03.b: Melting point.
PS.6.01: Analyze the periodic trends in the physical and chemical properties of elements.
PS.6.01.a: Groups (families).
PS.6.02: Investigate and analyze the formation and nomenclature of simple inorganic compounds.
PS.6.02.a: Ionic bonds (including oxidation numbers).
PS.6.02.b: Covalent bonds.
PS.6.03: Identify the reactants and products of chemical reactions and balance simple equations of various types:
PS.6.03.a: Single replacement.
PS.6.03.b: Double replacement.
PS.6.05: Investigate and analyze the properties and composition of solutions:
PS.6.05.a: Solubility curves.
PS.6.05.d: pH scale.
PS.6.06: Describe and explain radioactivity and its practical application as an alternative energy source:
PS.6.06.a: Alpha, beta, and gamma decay.
PS.6.06.d: Nuclear waste.
PH.2.01: Analyze velocity as a rate of change of position:
PH.2.01.b: Instantaneous velocity.
PH.2.02: Compare and contrast as scalar and vector quantities:
PH.2.02.a: Speed and velocity.
PH.2.03: Analyze acceleration as rate of change in velocity.
PH.2.04: Using graphical and mathematical tools, design and conduct investigations of linear motion and the relationships among:
PH.2.04.c: Instantaneous velocity
PH.3.01: Analyze and evaluate projectile motion in a defined frame of reference.
PH.3.03: Analyze and evaluate independence of the vector components of projectile motion.
PH.3.04: Evaluate, measure, and analyze circular motion.
PH.3.06: Investigate, evaluate and analyze the relationship among:
PH.3.06.b: Centripetal acceleration.
PH.4.01: Determine that an object will continue in its state of motion unless acted upon by a net outside force (Newton's First Law of Motion, The Law of Inertia).
PH.4.02: Assess, measure and calculate the conditions required to maintain a body in a state of static equilibrium.
PH.4.03: Assess, measure, and calculate the relationship among the force acting on a body, the mass of the body, and the nature of the acceleration produced (Newton's Second Law of Motion).
PH.4.04: Analyze and mathematically describe forces as interactions between bodies (Newton's Third Law of Motion).
PH.4.05: Assess the independence of the vector components of forces.
PH.4.06: Investigate, measure, and analyze the nature and magnitude of frictional forces.
PH.4.07: Assess and calculate the nature and magnitude of gravitational forces (Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation).
PH.5.01: Assess the vector nature of momentum and its relation to the mass and velocity of an object.
PH.5.02: Compare and contrast impulse and momentum.
PH.5.03: Analyze the factors required to produce a change in momentum.
PH.5.04: Analyze one-dimensional interactions between objects and recognize that the total momentum is conserved in both collision and recoil situations.
PH.5.05: Assess real world applications of the impulse and momentum, including but not limited to, sports and transportation.
PH.6.01: Investigate and analyze energy storage and transfer mechanisms:
PH.6.01.a: Gravitational potential energy.
PH.6.01.b: Elastic potential energy.
PH.6.01.d: Kinetic energy.
PH.6.02: Analyze, evaluate, and apply the principle of conservation of energy.
PH.6.03: Analyze, evaluate, and measure the transfer of energy by a force.
PH.6.04: Design and conduct investigations of:
PH.6.04.a: Mechanical energy.
PH.7.01: Analyze, investigate, and evaluate the relationship among the characteristics of waves:
PH.7.03: Analyze the behavior of waves at boundaries between media:
PH.7.03.a: Reflection, including the Law of Reflection.
PH.7.03.b: Refraction, including Snell’s Law.
PH.7.04: Analyze the relationship between the phenomena of interference and the principle of superposition.
PH.7.05: Analyze the frequency and wavelength of sound produced by a moving source (the Doppler Effect).
PH.8.01: Analyze the nature of electrical charges.
PH.8.01.c: Analyze the relationship among force, charge and distance summarized in Coulomb's law.
PH.8.02: Analyze and measure the relationship among potential difference, current, and resistance in a direct current circuit.
PH.8.03: Analyze and measure the relationship among current, voltage, and resistance in circuits.
PH.8.03.c: Series-parallel combinations.
PH.8.04: Analyze and measure the nature of power in an electrical circuit.
AB.2.01: Compare and contrast prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
AB.2.02: Analyze cellular membranes.
AB.2.02.a: Structure and function.
AB.2.02.c: Investigate mechanisms of transport.
AB.2.02.d: Recommended laboratory - Diffusion and Osmosis
AB.2.03: Examine sub cellular organization.
AB.2.03.a: Describe the structure of cell organelles.
AB.2.03.b: Relate structure to function.
AB.2.03.c: Identify factors that limit cell size.
AB.2.03.d: Interpret function of organelles in cellular processes.
AB.2.04: Analyze the continuity and diversity provided by the cell cycle.
AB.2.04.a: Mechanisms of mitosis and cytokinesis.
AB.2.04.c: Possible aberrations.
AB.2.05: Examine past and present research on cells, their structure and function.
AB.3.02: Examine the structure and function of organic molecules.
AB.3.02.a: Role of carbon in molecular diversity.
AB.3.02.c.4: Nucleic Acids.
AB.3.04: Describe the structure and function of enzymes.
AB.3.04.d: Recommended laboratory - Enzyme Catalysts
AB.3.05: Analyze bioenergetic reactions.
AB.3.05.a: Compare and contrast:
AB.3.05.a.2: Cellular respiration.
AB.3.05.b: Examine the purpose, interactions, and adaptations of bioenergetic reactions.
AB.3.05.c: Recommended laboratories - Plant Pigments and Photosynthesis, Cell Respiration
AB.4.01: Analyze meiosis and gametogenesis.
AB.4.01.a: Analyze heredity.
AB.4.01.c: Recommended laboratory - Mitosis and Meiosis
AB.4.02: Assess the organization of eukaryotic chromosomes.
AB.4.02.a: Assess contribution of continuity.
AB.4.02.b: Assess contribution of variability.
AB.4.02.c: Recommended laboratory - Genetics of Organisms
AB.4.03: Interpret and use the principal patterns of inheritance.
AB.4.04: Compare and contrast the structure and function of RNA and DNA.
AB.4.04.a: Investigate replication and the complimentary nature of DNA.
AB.4.04.b: Examine transcription.
AB.4.04.c: Examine translation.
AB.4.04.f: Compare structure as it relates to function.
AB.4.05: Assess gene regulation and the mechanisms by which it occurs.
AB.4.06: Analyze the ways in which mutations can occur and the possibility of genetic variation.
AB.4.07: Investigate viruses.
AB.4.07.a: Examine structure.
AB.4.07.b: Analyze steps of replication.
AB.4.07.c: Assess ability to transfer genetic information between cells.
AB.4.07.d: Explore current applications and research.
AB.4.09: Examine past and present research on heredity and molecular genetics.
AB.4.09.a: Explore the work of Mendel.
AB.4.09.b: Explore the work of Watson and Crick.
AB.5.03: Analyze current models for the early evolution of life.
AB.5.03.a: Biological macromolecules.
AB.5.03.b: Prokaryotic cells.
AB.5.03.c: Eukaryotic cells.
AB.5.04: Analyze the mechanisms of evolution, their role, results and implications.
AB.5.04.a: Identification of patterns and the responsible mechanisms.
AB.5.04.b: Analyze heredity and its link to natural selection.
AB.5.04.d: Examine macroevolution.
AB.5.04.e: Recommended laboratory - Population Genetics and Evolution
AB.6.01: Analyze evolutionary patterns.
AB.6.01.c: Examine morphological research.
AB.6.03: Analyze and apply current phylogenetic classification including:
AB.6.04: Analyze evolutionary relationships.
AB.6.04.b: Explore research methods.
AB.6.04.c: Analyze use of research.
AB.6.05: Examine the structure and function of plants and animals.
AB.6.05.a: Analyze reproduction, growth, and development.
AB.6.05.a.2: Adaptations (e.g. alternation of generations).
AB.6.05.c: Analyze structural, physiological, and behavioral adaptations.
AB.6.05.c.1: Cell level.
AB.6.05.c.2: Tissue level.
AB.6.05.c.3: Organ level.
AB.6.05.c.4: Interactions between levels of organization.
AB.6.05.e: Identify responses to the environment.
AB.6.06: Examine past and present research on the unity and diversity of life.
AB.7.01: Analyze population dynamics.
AB.7.01.b: Explore affects of abiotic and biotic factors.
AB.7.01.c: Analyze the impact of population changes.
AB.7.02: Examine the actions and interactions of communities and ecosystems.
AB.7.02.a: Analyze energy flow.
AB.7.02.b: Examine trophic structure.
AB.7.02.c: Investigate water and element cycling.
AB.7.02.e: Analyze relationships with in communities and ecosystems.
AB.7.03: Assess current global issues.
AB.7.03.c: Examine causes.
AB.7.03.d: Assess consequences.
AC.2.01: Analyze the structure of matter at the atomic level
AC.2.01.a: Evidence for the atomic theory.
AC.2.01.b: Atomic masses; determination by chemical and physical means.
AC.2.01.c: Atomic number and mass number; isotopes.
AC.2.01.d: Electron energy levels: atomic spectra, quantum numbers, atomic orbitals.
AC.2.01.e: Periodic relationships including, for example, atomic radii, ionization energies, electron affinities, oxidation states.
AC.2.02: Examine the types of chemical bonds and the nature of each
AC.2.02.a: Types: ionic, covalent, metallic, hydrogen bonding, van der Waals (including London dispersion forces).
AC.2.02.b: Relationships to states, structure, and properties of matter.
AC.2.03: Analyze conceptual models of bonding and molecular shape and the relation to chemical and physical properties of matter.
AC.2.03.a: Lewis structures.
AC.2.03.c: Valence bond: hybridization of orbitals, resonance, sigma and pi bonds.
AC.2.04.a: Nuclear decay equations.
AC.2.04.b: Half-life and radioactivity.
AC.2.04.c: Chemical applications.
AC.3.01: Examine the relationships between pressure, volume and temperature of ideal gases
AC.3.01.a: Laws of ideal gases: Boyle’s, Charles’.
AC.3.01.b: The ideal gas equation.
AC.3.02.a: Interpretation of ideal gas laws on the basis of this theory.
AC.3.02.b: Avogadro's hypothesis and the mole concept.
AC.3.02.c: Dependence of kinetic energy of molecules on temperature.
AC.3.02.d: Deviations from ideal gas laws.
AC.3.03.a: Liquids and solids from the kinetic-molecular viewpoint.
AC.3.03.c: Changes of state, including critical points and triple points.
AC.3.04: Examine the nature of solutions
AC.3.04.a: Types of solutions and factors affecting solubility.
AC.3.04.b: Methods of expressing concentration (The use of normalities is not tested.).
AC.3.04.c: Raoult's law and colligative properties (nonvolatile solutes); osmosis.
AC.4.01: Analyze the various types of common chemical reactions
AC.4.01.a: Acid-base reactions; concepts of Arrhenius, Brönsted-Lowry, and Lewis;
AC.4.01.b: Coordination complexes; amphoterism.
AC.4.01.c: Precipitation reactions.
AC.4.01.d: Oxidation-reduction reactions.
AC.4.01.d.2: The role of the electron in oxidation-reduction.
AC.4.02: Apply the principles of stoichiometry
AC.4.02.a: Ionic and molecular species present in chemical systems: net ionic equations.
AC.4.02.c: Mass and volume relations with emphasis on the mole concept, including empirical formulas and limiting reactants.
AC.4.03: Analyze systems in dynamic equilibrium
AC.4.03.b: Quantitative treatment for gaseous reactions using Kp and Kc.
AC.4.03.c: Quantitative treatment for reactions in solution Kc.
AC.4.03.d: Quantitative treatment of for acids and bases; using Ka and Kb, pKa and pKb and pH.
AC.4.03.e: Quantitative treatment for precipitation reactions and the dissolution of slightly soluble compounds using the solubility product constant, Ksp.
AC.4.03.f: Common ion effect; buffers; hydrolysis.
AC.4.04: Analyze chemical kinetics
AC.4.04.a: Concept of rate of reaction.
AC.4.04.c: Effect of temperature change on rates.
AC.4.04.d: Energy of activation; the role of catalysts.
AC.4.05: Analyze chemical thermodynamics
AC.4.05.b: First law: change in enthalpy; heat of formation; heat of reaction; Hess's law; heats of vaporization and fusion; calorimetry.
AC.5.02: Analyze the relationships in the periodic table: horizontal, vertical, and diagonal with examples from alkali metals, alkaline earth metals, halogens, and the first series of transition elements.
AC.5.03.b: Physical and chemical properties of simple organic compounds should also be included as exemplary material for the study of other areas such as bonding, equilibria involving weak acids, kinetics, colligative properties, and stoichiometric determinations of empirical and molecular formulas.
AE.2.01: Analyze the flow of energy.
AE.2.01.a: Forms and quality of energy.
AE.2.01.c: Energy units and measurements.
AE.2.02: Investigate the cycling of matter.
AE.2.03: Investigate the solid Earth.
AE.2.03.b: Influences of plate tectonics on evolution and biodiversity.
AE.2.03.d: The rock cycle.
AE.2.04: Investigate the atmosphere.
AE.2.04.d: Atmospheric dynamics: weather and climate.
AE.2.05: Investigate the biosphere.
AE.2.05.a: Organisms: adaptations to their environment.
AE.2.05.b: Populations and communities: exponential growth and carrying capacity.
AE.2.05.d: Evolution of life: natural selection, extinction.
AE.3.02: Investigate local, regional and global carrying capacities.
AE.3.02.a: Limiting factors.
AE.3.02.b: Density-dependent and density-independent factors.
AE.4.01: Analyze sources and uses of freshwater and oceans.
AE.4.01.e: Water management and conservation.
AE.4.02: Analyze local, regional and global mineral resources.
AE.4.02.a: Mining types.
AE.4.02.b: Processing and environmental effects.
AE.4.02.c: Mining Laws.
AE.4.05: Analyze and compare conventional and alternative energy sources.
AE.4.05.e: Solar energy.
AE.4.05.h: Energy conservation.
AE.5.01: Analyze the sources of major pollutants.
AE.5.01.a: EPA Criteria Pollutants.
AE.5.01.b: Indoor air pollutants.
AE.5.01.c: Thermal pollution.
AE.5.01.f: Units and measurements.
AE.5.02: Investigate the effects of pollutants on:
AE.5.02.c: Natural features, buildings and structures.
AE.5.03: Analyze and investigate pollution reduction, remediation and control measures.
AE.5.03.b: Historical examples and global case studies.
AE.5.05: Analyze impacts on human health.
AE.5.05.a: Infectious disease.
AE.6.01: Investigate human effects and consequences on the atmosphere.
AE.6.01.a: Stratospheric Ozone: chemistry, historical aspects and legislation.
AE.6.01.b: Greenhouse gases and global warming.
AE.6.02: Investigate effects and consequences on the oceans.
AE.6.02.c: Surface temperatures and currents.
AE.6.03: Investigate effects and consequences on biota:
AE.6.03.a: Habitat fragmentation and destruction.
AE.7.03: Recognize significance of major environmental laws and regulations: regional, national and international.
AE.7.03.l: Resource Conservation and Recovery Act.
AE.7.04: Develop an awareness of environmental options.
AE.8.02: Analyze planetary motion and the physical laws that explain motion.
AE.8.02.d: Tilt of Earth’s axis.
AE.8.02.e: Parallelism of the Earth’s axis.
AE.8.03: Evaluate astronomers' use of various instruments to extend their senses:
AE.8.05: Examine the sources of stellar energies.
AE.8.06: Assess the spectra generated by stars and our sun as indicators of motion:
AE.8.06.a: Doppler effect.
AE.8.08: Evaluate the life cycle of stars in the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram (H-R Diagram).
PB.2.01: Analyze and evaluate a particle using kinematics (movement in one, two, and circular dimensions).
PB.2.01.a: Motion in one dimensions.
PB.2.01.b: Relate position, velocity, and acceleration of a particle for motion.
PB.2.01.d: Addition and subtraction of displacement and velocity vectors
PB.2.01.e: Visual, graphical, mathematical expressions of the motion of a projectile in a uniform gravitational field.
PB.2.01.f: Relate a particles radius, speed, velocity, and acceleration in uniform circular motion.
PB.2.02: Investigate, measure, and analyze Newton's laws of motion
PB.2.02.a: Static equilibrium (first law).
PB.2.02.b: Dynamics of a single particle (second law).
PB.2.02.c: Systems of two or more bodies (third law).
PB.2.02.c.1: Velocity with constant force and average force.
PB.2.02.d: Normal and frictional forces.
PB.2.02.e: Action and reaction forces an two or more bodies (third law).
PB.2.03: Examine and calculate work, energy and power.
PB.2.03.a: Work and work-energy theorem.
PB.2.03.b: Conservative forces and potential energy.
PB.2.03.c: Conservation of energy.
PB.2.04: Analyze and evaluate systems of particles and linear momentum.
PB.2.04.a: Impulse and momentum.
PB.2.04.b: Conservation of linear momentum and collisions.
PB.2.05: Evaluate and analyze circular motion and rotation.
PB.2.05.a: Uniform circular motion.
PB.2.05.b: Torque and rotational statics.
PB.2.06: Investigate and analyze oscillations and gravitation.
PB.2.06.a: Simple harmonic motion (dynamics and energy relationships).
PB.2.06.b: Mass on a spring.
PB.2.06.c: Pendulum and other oscillations.
PB.2.06.d: Newton’s law of gravity.
PB.3.01: Examine and evaluate fluid mechanics.
PB.3.02: Evaluate and investigate temperature and heat.
PB.3.02.a: Mechanical equivalent of heat.
PB.3.02.b: Heat transfer and thermal expansion.
PB.4.01: Study and analyze electrostatics.
PB.4.01.b: Coulomb’s law and field and potential of point charges.
PB.4.03: Analyze and investigate electric circuits.
PB.4.03.a: Current, resistance, and power.
PB.4.03.b: Steady-state direct current circuits with batteries and resistors only.
PB.5.01: Study and evaluate wave motion.
PB.5.01.a: Properties of traveling waves.
PB.5.01.c: Doppler effect.
PB.5.02: Evaluate and analyze physical optics.
PB.5.02.a: Interference and diffraction.
PB.5.02.b: Dispersion of light and the electromagnetic spectrum.
PB.5.03: Investigate and analyze geometric optics.
PB.5.03.a: Reflection and refraction.
PB.6.01: Analyze and evaluate atomic physics and quantum effects.
PB.6.01.a: Photons and the photoelectric effects.
PB.6.01.b: Atomic energy levels.
PB.6.01.c: Wave-particle duality.
PB.6.02: Evaluate, measure, and analyze nuclear physics.
PB.6.02.a: Nuclear reactions (including conservation of mass number and charge).
PB.6.02.b: Mass-energy equivalence.
PC.2.01: Analyze and evaluate electric field.
PC.2.01.a: Calculate force, net force and torque on a charge or collection of charges in a specific field.
PC.2.02: Calculate and analyze Coulomb's law, field, and potential of point charges.
PC.2.02.a: Define magnitude and direction of a force and electric field on a charge.
PC.2.02.c: Compute the force and electric field between charges.
PC.2.02.d: Determine the work necessary to move charges and potential energy of the system.
PC.3.02: Identify and evaluate capacitors and dielectric.
PC.3.02.a: Define capacitance with stored charge and voltage.
PC.3.02.b: Recognize energy storage in relation to voltage, charge, and energy.
PC.3.02.c: Relate voltage, charge, and stored energy in a capacitor.
PC.3.02.f: Explain how a dielectric affects the capacitance field strength and voltage.
PC.4.01: Measure and analyze the current, resistance, and power in electric circuits.
PC.4.01.a: Relate current and voltage for a resistor.
PC.4.01.c: Explain and calculate how cross-sectional area, length, and material affect the resistance of a resistor.
PC.4.01.d: Explain the rate of how heat is dissipated.
PC.4.02: Examine and analyze steady-state direct current circuits with batteries and resistors.
PC.4.02.a: Define and relate current, resistance, and voltage.
PC.4.02.b: Identify series and parallel wiring in a circuit.
PC.4.02.c: Determine voltage, current, resistance, and power across series, parallel, and combination circuits.
PC.4.02.d: Draw a diagram of a series-parallel circuit using conventional symbols.
PC.4.02.e: Calculate terminal voltage and internal resistance for a known battery.
PC.4.02.f: Identify and calculate the current, voltage and resistance using Ohm’s Law and Kirchoff’s rules.
PC.4.02.g: Identify the properties and connections of an ammeter and voltmeter.
PC.4.03: Evaluate and analyze capacitors in circuits.
PC.4.03.a: Explain the capacitance for capacitors in parallel and series circuits.
PC.4.03.c: Explain the charge and voltage for capacitors in parallel and series circuits.
PC.4.03.e: Calculate and graph voltage and currents over time in a circuit.
PC.5.01: Derive and analyze the force on a charge in a magnetic field.
PC.5.01.a: Calculate charge, force, velocity, and magnetic field.
PC.5.01.b: Explain why work cannot be performed by a magnetic field.
PC.5.02: Analyze the force on a current-carrying wire in magnetic fields.
PC.5.02.a: Relate the magnitude and direction of charge, velocity, magnetic field, and force on a moving charges and current-carrying wire in a magnetic field.
PC.5.02.b: Analyze the torque on a rectangular loop of wire in a magnetic field.
PC.5.04: Apply and use Biot-Savart and Ampere's law.
PC.5.04.a: Articulate and utilize Ampere’s Law in the integral form to relate current to magnetic field strength.
PC.5.04.b: Analyze magnetic field for a long straight wire, solid cylinder, and hollow cylinder using law of superposition.
PC.6.02: Formulate and examine inductance (including LR and LC circuits).
PC.6.02.a: Calculate the magnitude and emf for an inductor through which a specified changing current is flowing.
PC.6.02.b: Apply self-inductance for a long solenoid.
PC.6.02.c: Develop the skills necessary to solve basic circuits with resistors and inductors.
Correlation last revised: 11/2/2009