### 20-A: Kinematics

#### 1.1: Change and Systems

20-A.1: describe motion in terms of displacement, velocity, acceleration and time.

1.1.1.1: Science, Technology and Society (STS)

20-A1.1sts: explain that the goal of science is knowledge about the natural world

20-A1.1sts.1: identify common applications of kinematics, such as determining the average speed of a run, bike ride or car trip, or the acceleration required to launch an aircraft from a carrier

1.1.1.2: Skills

20-A.1.1: Initiating and Planning

20-A1.1s: formulate questions about observed relationships and plan investigations of questions, ideas, problems and issues

20-A1.1s.1: identify, define and delimit questions to investigate; e.g., What are the relationships among displacement, velocity, acceleration and time?

20-A.1.3: Analyzing and Interpreting

20-A1.3s: analyze data and apply mathematical and conceptual models to develop and assess possible solutions

20-A1.3s.1: construct graphs to demonstrate the relationships among displacement, velocity, acceleration and time for uniform and uniformly accelerated motion

20-A1.3s.2: analyze a graph of empirical data to infer the mathematical relationships among displacement, velocity, acceleration and time for uniform and uniformly accelerated motion

20-A1.3s.3: solve, quantitatively, projectile motion problems near Earth’s surface, ignoring air resistance

20-A1.3s.4: relate acceleration to the slope of, and displacement to the area under, a velocity-time graph

20-A.1.4: Communication and Teamwork

20-A1.4s: work collaboratively in addressing problems and apply the skills and conventions of science in communicating information and ideas and in assessing results

20-A1.4s.1: use appropriate SystÃ¨me international (SI) units, fundamental and derived units and significant digits

### 20-B: Dynamics

#### 2.1: Change and Systems

20-B.1: explain the effects of balanced and unbalanced forces on velocity

2.1.1.2: Skills

20-B.1.1: Initiating and Planning

20-B1.1s: formulate questions about observed relationships and plan investigations of questions, ideas, problems and issues

20-B1.1s.1: identify questions to investigate arising from practical problems; e.g., What are the relationships among acceleration, mass and force acting on a moving object?

20-B.1.3: Analyzing and Interpreting

20-B1.3s: analyze data and apply mathematical and conceptual models to develop and assess possible solutions

20-B1.3s.1: analyze a graph of empirical data to infer the mathematical relationships among force, mass and acceleration

20-B1.3s.2: use free-body diagrams to describe the forces acting on an object

20-B.2: explain that gravitational effects extend throughout the universe.

2.1.2.1: Science, Technology and Society (STS)

20-B2.1sts: explain that concepts, models and theories are often used in interpreting and explaining observations and in predicting future observations

20-B2.1sts.3: explain tidal forces on Earth

2.1.2.2: Skills

20-B.2.1: Initiating and Planning

20-B2.1s: formulate questions about observed relationships and plan investigations of questions, ideas, problems and issues

20-B2.1s.1: identify, define and delimit questions to investigate; e.g., What is the relationship between the local value of the acceleration due to gravity and the gravitational field strength?

20-B.2.2: Performing and Recording

20-B2.2s: conduct investigations into relationships among observable variables and use a broad range of tools and techniques to gather and record data and information

20-B2.2s.1: determine, empirically, the local value of the acceleration due to gravity

20-B2.2s.2: explore the relationship between the local value of the acceleration due to gravity and the gravitational field strength

20-B.2.3: Analyzing and Interpreting

20-B2.3s: analyze data and apply mathematical and conceptual models to develop and assess possible solutions

20-B2.3s.2: treat acceleration due to gravity as uniform near Earth’s surface

### 20-C: Circular Motion, Work and Energy

#### 3.1: Energy and Equilibrium

20-C.1: explain circular motion, using Newton’s laws of motion

3.1.1.1: Science, Technology and Society (STS)

20-C1.2sts: explain how science and technology are developed to meet societal needs and expand human capability

20-C1.2sts.1: explain the functions, applications and societal impacts of geosynchronous satellites

20-C1.3sts: explain that the goal of technology is to provide solutions to practical problems

20-C1.3sts.1: analyze the principles and applications of circular motion in daily situations

20-C1.3sts.1.c: explain the motion of carnival or playground rides moving in a horizontal plane and/or a vertical plane

3.1.1.2: Skills

20-C.1.3: Analyzing and Interpreting

20-C1.3s: analyze data and apply mathematical and conceptual models to develop and assess possible solutions

20-C1.3s.1: organize and interpret experimental data, using prepared graphs or charts

20-C1.3s.2: construct graphs to show relationships among frequency, mass, speed and path radius

20-C1.3s.3: summarize an analysis of the relationships among frequency, mass, speed and path radius

20-C1.3s.4: solve, quantitatively, circular motion problems in both horizontal and vertical planes, using algebraic and/or graphical vector analysis

20-C.2: explain that work is a transfer of energy and that conservation of energy in an isolated system is a fundamental physical concept.

3.1.2.2: Skills

20-C.2.1: Initiating and Planning

20-C2.1s: formulate questions about observed relationships and plan investigations of questions, ideas, problems and issues

20-C2.1s.1: design an experiment to demonstrate the conservation of energy; e.g., Is energy conserved in a collision?

20-C.2.2: Performing and Recording

20-C2.2s: conduct investigations into relationships among observable variables and use a broad range of tools and techniques to gather and record data and information

20-C2.2s.1: perform an experiment to demonstrate the law of conservation of energy

20-C.2.3: Analyzing and Interpreting

20-C2.3s: analyze data and apply mathematical and conceptual models to develop and assess possible solutions

20-C2.3s.1: use free-body diagrams to organize and communicate solutions to work-energy theorem problems

20-C2.3s.2: solve, quantitatively, kinematics and dynamics problems, using the work-energy theorem

### 20-D: Oscillatory Motion and Mechanical Waves

#### 4.1: Energy and Matter

20-D.1: describe the conditions that produce oscillatory motion

4.1.1.1: Science, Technology and Society (STS)

20-D1.1sts: explain that the goal of science is knowledge about the natural world

20-D1.1sts.1: analyze, qualitatively, the forces in real-life examples of simple harmonic motion:

20-D1.1sts.1.c: seismic waves in Earth’s crust

4.1.1.2: Skills

20-D.1.1: Initiating and Planning

20-D1.1s: formulate questions about observed relationships and plan investigations of questions, ideas, problems and issues

20-D1.1s.1: design an experiment to demonstrate that simple harmonic motion can be observed within certain limits, relating the frequency and period of the motion to the physical characteristics of the system; e.g., a frictionless horizontal mass-spring system or a pendulum

20-D.1.2: Performing and Recording

20-D1.2s: conduct investigations into relationships among observable variables and use a broad range of tools and techniques to gather and record data and information

20-D1.2s.1: perform an experiment to determine the relationship between the length of a pendulum and its period of oscillation

20-D.1.3: Analyzing and Interpreting

20-D1.3s: analyze data and apply mathematical and conceptual models to develop and assess possible solutions

20-D1.3s.1: relate the length of a pendulum to its period of oscillation

20-D.2: describe the properties of mechanical waves and explain how mechanical waves transmit energy.

4.1.2.1: Science, Technology and Society (STS)

20-D2.1sts: explain that the goal of technology is to provide solutions to practical problems

20-D2.1sts.2: describe the properties of waves that can be used to manipulate direction and speed when travelling (surfing, canoeing or kayaking) in rivers or oceans.

4.1.2.2: Skills

20-D.2.1: Initiating and Planning

20-D2.1s: formulate questions about observed relationships and plan investigations of questions, ideas, problems and issues

20-D2.1s.1: predict the conditions required for constructive and destructive interference to occur

20-D.2.3: Analyzing and Interpreting

20-D2.3s: analyze data and apply mathematical and conceptual models to develop and assess possible solutions

20-D2.3s.1: determine the speed of a mechanical wave; e.g., water waves and sound waves

20-D2.3s.2: relate apparent changes in wavelength and frequency to the speed of the source relative to the observer

Correlation last revised: 9/16/2020

This correlation lists the recommended Gizmos for this province's curriculum standards. Click any Gizmo title below for more information.