1: Matter and Its Interactions
1: Plan and carry out investigations (e.g., adding air to expand a basketball, compressing air in a syringe, dissolving sugar in water, evaporating salt water) to provide evidence that matter is made of particles too small to be seen.
Phases of Water
2: Investigate matter to provide mathematical evidence, including graphs, to show that regardless of the type of reaction (e.g., new substance forming due to dissolving or mixing) or change (e.g., phase change) that occurs when heating, cooling, or mixing substances, the total weight of the matter is conserved.
3: Examine matter through observations and measurements to identify materials (e.g., powders, metals, minerals, liquids) based on their properties (e.g., color, hardness, reflectivity, electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, response to magnetic forces, solubility, density).
Mystery Powder Analysis
Solubility and Temperature
4: Investigate whether the mixing of two or more substances results in new substances (e.g., mixing of baking soda and vinegar resulting in the formation of a new substance, gas; mixing of sand and water resulting in no new substance being formed).
2: Motion and Stability: Forces and Interactions
6: Construct an explanation from evidence to illustrate that the gravitational force exerted by Earth on objects is directed downward towards the center of Earth.
Free Fall Tower
3: Ecosystems: Interactions, Energy, and Dynamics
8: Defend the position that plants obtain materials needed for growth primarily from air and water.
Plants and Snails
9: Construct an illustration to explain how plants use light energy to convert carbon dioxide and water into a storable fuel, carbohydrates, and a waste product, oxygen, during the process of photosynthesis.
10: Construct and interpret models (e.g., diagrams, flow charts) to explain that energy in animals’ food is used for body repair, growth, motion, and maintenance of body warmth and was once energy from the sun.
11: Create a model to illustrate the transfer of matter among producers; consumers, including scavengers and decomposers; and the environment.
Plants and Snails
4: Earth’s Place in the Universe
13: Analyze data and represent with graphs to reveal patterns of daily changes in length and direction of shadows, day and night, and the seasonal appearance of some stars in the night sky (e.g., shadows and the position and motion of Earth with respect to the sun, visibility of select stars only in particular months).
Observing Weather (Customary)
Observing Weather (Metric)
Seasons: Earth, Moon, and Sun
Summer and Winter
5: Earth’s Systems
14: Use a model to represent how any two systems, specifically the atmosphere, biosphere, geosphere, and/or hydrosphere, interact and support life (e.g., influence of the ocean on ecosystems, landform shape, and climate; influence of the atmosphere on landforms and ecosystems through weather and climate; influence of mountain ranges on winds and clouds in the atmosphere).
Coastal Winds and Clouds - Metric
Greenhouse Effect - Metric
Hurricane Motion - Metric
Correlation last revised: 9/24/2019