A: Scientific Investigation Skills and Career Exploration

A1: demonstrate scientific investigation skills (related to both inquiry and research) in the four areas of skills (initiating and planning, performing and recording, analysing and interpreting, and communicating);

A1.1: formulate relevant scientific questions about observed relationships, ideas, problems, or issues, make informed predictions, and/or formulate educated hypotheses to focus inquiries or research

Diffusion
Pendulum Clock
Sight vs. Sound Reactions

A1.5: conduct inquiries, controlling relevant variables, adapting or extending procedures as required, and using appropriate materials and equipment safely, accurately, and effectively, to collect observations and data

Diffusion
Pendulum Clock

A1.6: compile accurate data from laboratory and other sources, and organize and record the data, using appropriate formats, including tables, flow charts, graphs, and/or diagrams

Earthquakes 1 - Recording Station
Pendulum Clock

A1.10: draw conclusions based on inquiry results and research findings, and justify their conclusions with reference to scientific knowledge

Pendulum Clock

A1.13: express the results of any calculations involving data accurately and precisely, to the appropriate number of decimal places or significant figures

Unit Conversions 2 - Scientific Notation and Significant Digits

B: Kinematics

B1: analyse technologies that apply concepts related to kinematics, and assess the technologies’ social and environmental impact;

B1.1: analyse, on the basis of research, a technology that applies concepts related to kinematics (e.g., devices used to measure speed in sports; rocket accelerators; motion-detecting sensors for security systems; speedometers in automobiles)

Electromagnetic Induction

B2: investigate, in qualitative and quantitative terms, uniform and non-uniform linear motion, and solve related problems;

B2.1: use appropriate terminology related to kinematics, including, but not limited to: time, distance, position, displacement, speed, velocity, and acceleration

Free-Fall Laboratory
Golf Range
Shoot the Monkey

B2.2: analyse and interpret position–time, velocity– time, and acceleration–time graphs of motion in one dimension (e.g., use tangent slopes to create velocity–time graphs from position–time graphs and acceleration–time graphs from velocity–time graphs; use the area under the curve to create position–time graphs from velocity–time graphs and velocity–time graphs from acceleration–time graphs)

Distance-Time and Velocity-Time Graphs - Metric
Free-Fall Laboratory

B2.3: use a velocity–time graph for constant acceleration to derive the equation for average velocity [e.g., vav = (v1 + v2)/2] and the equations for displacement [e.g., “Delta”d = ((v1 + v2)/2) “Delta”t, “Delta”d = v1“Delta”t + ½a (“Delta”t2)], and solve simple problems in one dimension using these equations

Free-Fall Laboratory

B2.4: conduct an inquiry into the uniform and non-uniform linear motion of an object (e.g., use probeware to record the motion of a cart moving at a constant velocity or a constant acceleration; view a computer simulation of an object attaining terminal velocity; observe a video of a bouncing ball or a skydiver; observe the motion of a balloon with a small mass suspended from it)

Atwood Machine
Free-Fall Laboratory

B2.6: plan and conduct an inquiry into the motion of objects in one dimension, using vector diagrams and uniform acceleration equations

Atwood Machine
Free-Fall Laboratory

B2.7: solve problems involving uniform and non-uniform linear motion in one and two dimensions, using graphical analysis and algebraic equations

Free-Fall Laboratory
Uniform Circular Motion

B2.8: use kinematic equations to solve problems related to the horizontal and vertical components of the motion of a projectile (e.g., a cannon ball shot horizontally off a cliff, a ball rolling off a table, a golf ball launched at a 45º angle to the horizontal)

Free-Fall Laboratory
Golf Range
Shoot the Monkey

B2.9: conduct an inquiry into the projectile motion of an object, and analyse, in qualitative and quantitative terms, the relationship between the horizontal and vertical components (e.g., airborne time, range, maximum height, horizontal velocity, vertical velocity)

Golf Range
Shoot the Monkey

B3: demonstrate an understanding of uniform and non-uniform linear motion, in one and two dimensions.

B3.1: distinguish between the terms constant, instantaneous, and average with reference to speed, velocity, and acceleration, and provide examples to illustrate each term

Distance-Time and Velocity-Time Graphs - Metric
Free-Fall Laboratory

B3.2: distinguish between, and provide examples of, scalar and vector quantities as they relate to the description of uniform and non-uniform linear motion (e.g., time, distance, position, velocity, acceleration)

Free-Fall Laboratory

B3.3: describe the characteristics and give examples of a projectile’s motion in vertical and horizontal planes

Golf Range
Shoot the Monkey

C: Forces

C2: investigate, in qualitative and quantitative terms, net force, acceleration, and mass, and solve related problems;

C2.1: use appropriate terminology related to forces, including, but not limited to: mass, time, speed, velocity, acceleration, friction, gravity, normal force, and free-body diagrams

Free-Fall Laboratory
Gravitational Force
Inclined Plane - Simple Machine
Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects
Pith Ball Lab

C2.2: conduct an inquiry that applies Newton’s laws to analyse, in qualitative and quantitative terms, the forces acting on an object, and use free-body diagrams to determine the net force and the acceleration of the object

Atwood Machine
Fan Cart Physics
Free-Fall Laboratory
Inclined Plane - Simple Machine

C2.3: conduct an inquiry into the relationship between the acceleration of an object and its net force and mass (e.g., view a computer simulation of an object attaining terminal velocity; observe the motion of an object subject to friction; use electronic probes to observe the motion of an object being pulled across the floor), and analyse the resulting data

Atwood Machine
Free-Fall Laboratory
Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects

C2.4: analyse the relationships between acceleration and applied forces such as the force of gravity, normal force, force of friction, coefficient of static friction, and coefficient of kinetic friction, and solve related problems involving forces in one dimension, using free-body diagrams and algebraic equations (e.g., use a drag sled to find the coefficient of friction between two surfaces)

Free-Fall Laboratory
Inclined Plane - Simple Machine
Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects
Pith Ball Lab

C2.5: plan and conduct an inquiry to analyse the effect of forces acting on objects in one dimension, using vector diagrams, free-body diagrams, and Newton’s laws

Atwood Machine
Fan Cart Physics
Inclined Plane - Simple Machine
Pith Ball Lab

C2.6: analyse and solve problems involving the relationship between the force of gravity and acceleration for objects in free fall

Free-Fall Laboratory

C3: demonstrate an understanding of the relationship between changes in velocity and unbalanced forces in one dimension.

C3.1: distinguish between, and provide examples of, different forces (e.g., friction, gravity, normal force), and describe the effect of each type of force on the velocity of an object

Golf Range
Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects
Shoot the Monkey

C3.3: state Newton’s laws, and apply them, in qualitative terms, to explain the effect of forces acting on objects

Atwood Machine
Fan Cart Physics

C3.4: describe, in qualitative and quantitative terms, the relationships between mass, gravitational field strength, and force of gravity

Gravitational Force
Pith Ball Lab

D: Energy and Society

D2: investigate energy transformations and the law of conservation of energy, and solve related problems;

D2.1: use appropriate terminology related to energy transformations, including, but not limited to: mechanical energy, gravitational potential energy, kinetic energy, work, power, fission, fusion, heat, heat capacity, temperature, and latent heat

Air Track
Energy Conversion in a System
Energy of a Pendulum
Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects
Roller Coaster Physics

D2.2: solve problems relating to work, force, and displacement along the line of force

Pulley Lab

D2.3: use the law of conservation of energy to solve problems in simple situations involving work, gravitational potential energy, kinetic energy, and thermal energy and its transfer (heat)

Air Track
Energy Conversion in a System
Energy of a Pendulum
Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects
Pulley Lab
Roller Coaster Physics

D2.4: plan and conduct inquiries involving transformations between gravitational potential energy and kinetic energy (e.g., using a pendulum, a falling ball, an object rolling down a ramp) to test the law of conservation of energy

Energy Conversion in a System
Energy of a Pendulum
Inclined Plane - Rolling Objects
Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects
Roller Coaster Physics

D2.7: compare and contrast the input energy, useful output energy, and per cent efficiency of selected energy generation methods (e.g., hydroelectric, thermal, geothermal, nuclear fission, nuclear fusion, wind, solar)

Energy Conversion in a System
Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects
Pulley Lab

D2.9: conduct an inquiry to determine the specific heat capacity of a single substance (e.g., aluminum, iron, brass) and of two substances when they are mixed together (e.g., the heat lost by a sample of hot water and the heat gained by a sample of cold water when the two samples are mixed together)

Calorimetry Lab

D2.10: solve problems involving changes in temperature and changes of state, using algebraic equations (e.g., Q = mc“Delta”T, Q = mLf, Q = mLv)

Phase Changes

D2.11: draw and analyse heating and cooling curves that show temperature changes and changes of state for various substances

Phase Changes

D3: demonstrate an understanding of work, efficiency, power, gravitational potential energy, kinetic energy, nuclear energy, and thermal energy and its transfer (heat).

D3.1: describe a variety of energy transfers and transformations, and explain them using the law of conservation of energy

2D Collisions
Air Track
Energy Conversion in a System
Energy of a Pendulum
Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects
Roller Coaster Physics

D3.2: explain the concepts of and interrelationships between energy, work, and power, and identify and describe their related units

Pulley Lab

D3.3: explain the following concepts, giving examples of each, and identify their related units: thermal energy, kinetic energy, gravitational potential energy, heat, specific heat capacity, specific latent heat, power, and efficiency

Calorimetry Lab
Potential Energy on Shelves
Pulley Lab

D3.4: identify, qualitatively, the relationship between efficiency and thermal energy transfer

Energy Conversion in a System

D3.5: describe, with reference to force and displacement along the line of force, the conditions that are required for work to be done

Pulley Lab

D3.7: explain, using the kinetic molecular theory, the energy transfer that occurs during changes of state

Phase Changes

D3.10: compare the characteristics of (e.g., mass, charge, speed, penetrating power, ionizing ability) and safety precautions related to alpha particles, beta particles, and gamma rays

Nuclear Decay

D3.11: explain radioactive half-life for a given radioisotope, and describe its applications and their consequences

Half-life

E: Waves and Sound

E2: investigate, in qualitative and quantitative terms, the properties of mechanical waves and sound, and solve related problems;

E2.1: use appropriate terminology related to mechanical waves and sound, including, but not limited to: longitudinal wave, transverse wave, frequency, period, cycle, amplitude, phase, wavelength, velocity, superposition, constructive interference, destructive interference, standing waves, and resonance

Longitudinal Waves
Ripple Tank
Sound Beats and Sine Waves

E2.2: conduct laboratory inquiries or computer simulations involving mechanical waves and their interference (e.g., using a mass oscillating on a spring, a mass oscillating on a pendulum, the oscillation in a string instrument)

Longitudinal Waves
Sound Beats and Sine Waves

E2.3: plan and conduct inquiries to determine the speed of waves in a medium (e.g., a vibrating air column, an oscillating string of a musical instrument), compare theoretical and empirical values, and account for discrepancies

Ripple Tank

E2.4: investigate the relationship between the wavelength, frequency, and speed of a wave, and solve related problems

Ripple Tank

E2.5: analyse the relationship between a moving source of sound and the change in frequency perceived by a stationary observer (i.e., the Doppler effect)

Doppler Shift
Doppler Shift Advanced
Longitudinal Waves

E3: demonstrate an understanding of the properties of mechanical waves and sound and of the principles underlying their production, transmission, interaction, and reception.

E3.1: distinguish between longitudinal and transverse waves in different media, and provide examples of both types of waves

Longitudinal Waves

E3.3: explain and graphically illustrate the principle of superposition with respect to standing waves and beat frequencies

Ripple Tank

E3.4: identify the properties of standing waves, and, for both mechanical and sound waves, explain the conditions required for standing waves to occur

Longitudinal Waves

E3.6: explain selected natural phenomena (e.g., echo location, or organisms that produce or receive infrasonic, audible, or ultrasonic sound) with reference to the characteristics and properties of waves

Ripple Tank

F: Electricity and Magnetism

F2: investigate, in qualitative and quantitative terms, magnetic fields and electric circuits, and solve related problems;

F2.1: use appropriate terminology related to electricity and magnetism, including, but not limited to: direct current, alternating current, conventional current, electron flow, electrical potential difference, electrical resistance, power, energy, step-up transformer, and step-down transformer

Electromagnetic Induction
Magnetic Induction

F2.2: analyse diagrams of series, parallel, and mixed circuits with reference to Ohm’s law (V = IR) and Kirchhoff’s laws

Advanced Circuits
Circuits

F2.5: investigate, through laboratory inquiry or computer simulation, the magnetic fields produced by an electric current flowing through a long straight conductor and a solenoid (e.g., use sensors to map the magnetic field around a solenoid)

Magnetic Induction

F2.7: investigate electromagnetic induction, and, using Lenz’s law, the law of conservation of energy, and the right-hand rule, explain and illustrate the direction of the electric current induced by a changing magnetic field

Electromagnetic Induction

F3: demonstrate an understanding of the properties of magnetic fields, the principles of current and electron flow, and the operation of selected technologies that use these properties and principles to produce and transmit electrical energy.

F3.2: explain, by applying the right-hand rule, the direction of the magnetic field produced when electric current flows through a long straight conductor and through a solenoid

Magnetic Induction

F3.4: explain Ohm’s law, Kirchhoff’s laws, Oersted’s principle, the motor principle, Faraday’s law, and Lenz’s law in relation to electricity and magnetism

Advanced Circuits
Circuits
Electromagnetic Induction

F3.5: describe the production and interaction of magnetic fields, using diagrams and the principles of electromagnetism (e.g., Oersted’s principle, the motor principle, Faraday’s law, Lenz’s law)

Electromagnetic Induction

F3.6: explain the operation of an electric motor and a generator, including the roles of their respective components

Electromagnetic Induction

F3.9: describe and explain safety precautions (e.g., “call before you dig”, current-limiting outlets in bathrooms) related to electrical circuits and higher transmission voltages (e.g., with reference to transformer substations, buried cables, overhead power lines)

Advanced Circuits

Correlation last revised: 9/24/2019

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