A: Scientific Investigation Skills and Career Exploration

A1: demonstrate scientific investigation skills (related to both inquiry and research) in the four areas of skills (initiating and planning, performing and recording, analysing and interpreting, and communicating);

A1.1: formulate relevant scientific questions about observed relationships, ideas, problems, or issues, make informed predictions, and/or formulate educated hypotheses to focus inquiries or research

Diffusion
Sight vs. Sound Reactions

A1.5: conduct inquiries, controlling relevant variables, adapting or extending procedures as required, and using appropriate materials and equipment safely, accurately, and effectively, to collect observations and data

Diffusion

A1.6: compile accurate data from laboratory and other sources, and organize and record the data, using appropriate formats, including tables, flow charts, graphs, and/or diagrams

Boyle's Law and Charles' Law

A1.8: synthesize, analyse, interpret, and evaluate qualitative and/or quantitative data; solve problems involving quantitative data; determine whether the evidence supports or refutes the initial prediction or hypothesis and whether it is consistent with scientific theory; identify sources of bias and/or error; and suggest improvements to the inquiry to reduce the likelihood of error

Boyle's Law and Charles' Law

A1.10: draw conclusions based on inquiry results and research findings, and justify their conclusions with reference to scientific knowledge

Diffusion

A1.13: express the results of any calculations involving data accurately and precisely, to the appropriate number of decimal places or significant figures

Unit Conversions 2 - Scientific Notation and Significant Digits

B: Matter and Qualitative Analysis

B2: investigate matter, using various methods of qualitative analysis;

B2.5: identify an unknown gas sample (e.g., hydrogen, helium, neon) by observing its emission spectrum and comparing it to the spectra of known gases

Star Spectra

B3: demonstrate an understanding of the basic principles of qualitative analysis of matter.

B3.2: describe various types of chemical reactions, including synthesis, decomposition, single displacement, and double displacement reactions

Balancing Chemical Equations
Chemical Equations
Dehydration Synthesis
Equilibrium and Concentration

B3.3: explain basic procedures used in qualitative analysis of elements and compounds, including flame tests, precipitation reactions, and the observation of emission spectra

Bohr Model of Hydrogen
Star Spectra

B3.4: relate observations from investigations using flame tests and emission spectra to the concept of quanta of energy proposed by Neils Bohr

Bohr Model of Hydrogen

C: Organic Chemistry

C2: investigate the physical and chemical properties of organic compounds, and analyse some common organic chemical reactions;

C2.1: use appropriate terminology related to organic chemistry, including, but not limited to: electronegativity, covalent bond, and functional group

Covalent Bonds

C2.2: draw Lewis structures to represent the covalent bonds in some simple organic molecules (e.g., CH4)

Covalent Bonds
Ionic Bonds

C2.7: conduct an inquiry to synthesize a common organic compound (e.g., produce an ester, make soap)

Dehydration Synthesis

C2.8: predict the nature of a bond (e.g., non-polar covalent or polar covalent), using the electronegativity values of atoms (e.g., H2, Cl2, O2, H2O, CH4, CH3OH)

Covalent Bonds
Ionic Bonds

E: Chemical Calculations

E2: investigate chemical compounds and chemical reactions using appropriate techniques of quantitative analysis, and solve related problems;

E2.1: use appropriate terminology related to stoichiometry, including, but not limited to: molar mass, molar concentration, percentage yield, and Avogadro’s number

Chemical Equations
Limiting Reactants
Stoichiometry

E2.2: calculate the molar mass of simple compounds with the aid of the periodic table

Chemical Equations

E2.3: convert the quantity of chemicals in simple chemical reactions from number of particles to number of moles and mass, using the mole concept

Chemical Equations
Limiting Reactants
Stoichiometry

E2.4: solve problems involving relationships between the following variables in a chemical reaction: quantity in moles, number of particles, atomic mass, concentration of solution, and volume of solution

Chemical Equations
Equilibrium and Concentration

E2.5: solve problems involving stoichiometric relationships in balanced chemical equations

Chemical Equations
Limiting Reactants
Stoichiometry

E2.6: conduct an inquiry to determine the actual yield, theoretical yield, and percentage yield of the products of a chemical reaction (e.g., a chemical reaction between steel wool and copper(II) sulfate solution), assess the effectiveness of the procedure, and suggest sources of experimental error

Limiting Reactants

E2.7: use qualitative observations of a chemical reaction to identify the chemical changes, presence of limiting reagents, and the products occurring in a chemical reaction (e.g., aluminum reacting with copper(II) chloride solution, steel wool reacting with oxygen)

Chemical Changes
Chemical Equations
Equilibrium and Concentration
Limiting Reactants

E3: demonstrate an understanding of the mole concept and its quantitative relationships in chemical reactions.

E3.1: describe the relationships between Avogadro’s number, the mole concept, and the molar mass of any given substance

Chemical Equations
Stoichiometry

E3.3: explain the relationships between the mole concept, the values of coefficients, the number of particles, and the mass of substances in balanced chemical equations

Chemical Equations

E3.5: explain the concept of a limiting reagent in a chemical reaction, using examples of chemical processes from everyday life (e.g., synthesis of aspirin, synthesis of ammonia)

Limiting Reactants

F: Chemistry in the Environment

F2: investigate chemical reactions, using appropriate techniques of quantitative analysis;

F2.3: conduct an acid–base titration to determine the concentration of an acid or a base (e.g., the concentration of acetic acid in vinegar)

Titration

Correlation last revised: 9/24/2019

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