Voluntary State Curriculum
2.A.4: Differentiate among sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic rocks based upon the processes by which they are formed.
2.A.4.a: Identify and describe the processes that form sedimentary rock.
2.A.4.b: Identify and describe the processes that form igneous rocks
2.A.4.b.1: Volcanic eruptions
2.A.4.b.2: Igneous intrusions
2.A.4.c: Identify and describe the processes that form metamophic rocks.
2.A.4.c.1: High temperature
2.A.4.d: Cite features that can be used as evidence to distinguish among the three types of rocks and relate these features to the processes that form each rock type.
2.A.4.e: Describe the processes that change one form of rock into another (rock cycle).
2.C.1: Recognize and describe the internal and external structure of the Earth.
2.C.1.b: Recognize and describe that the Earth's core
2.C.1.b.3: Is dense and metalllic
2.C.1.c: Identify and describe the Earth's crust.
2.C.1.c.1: The solid crust consists of separate plates
2.C.1.c.2: The plates constantly move at a slow pace in different directions
2.C.1.c.3: The plates interact with one another as a result of plate motion.
2.C.2: Recognize and explain how major geologic events are a result of the movement of Earth's crustal plates.
2.C.2.a: Recognize and describe the evidence for plate movement.
2.C.2.a.1: Shape of continents
2.C.2.a.2: Continuity of geologic features and fossils on the continents
2.C.2.a.3: Ocean rifts, seafloor spreading
2.C.2.a.4: Global patterns of earthquakes and volcanoes
2.C.2.b: Recognize and explain that major geologic events (earthquakes, volcanic activity, sea floor spreading) occur along crustal plate boundaries.
2.D.1: Recognize that objects of our solar system are interrelated.
2.D.1.b: Construct models with accurate scale that represent the position of the Earth relative to the sun and to other planets.
2.D.1.c: Identify and describe the general pattern of movement of all objects in our solar system.
2.D.1.d: Recognize that the pull of gravity causes the pattern of motion of celestial objects.
3.D.1: Explain that in any particular environment, the growth and survival of organisms and species depend on the physical conditions.
3.D.1.a: Cite examples and describe that small differences between parents and offspring can accumulate (through selective breeding) in successive generations so that descendants are very different from their ancestors.
3.D.1.b: Explain that in all environmentsfreshwater, marine, forest, desert, grassland, mountain, and othersorganisms with similar needs may compete with one another for resources, including food, space, water, air, and shelter.
3.D.1.c: Explain that in any particular environment individual organisms with certain traits are more likely than others to survive and have offspring.
3.D.1.d: Explain, with examples, ways that people control some characteristics of plants and animals they raise by selective breeding.
3.D.1.f: Describe how sediments of sand and smaller particles (sometimes containing the remains of organisms) are gradually buried and are cemented together by dissolved minerals to form solid rock; and describe that such fossils provide evidence for the long history of changing life forms whose remains are found in the rocks.
3.D.1.g: Explain that the more recently deposited rock layers are likely to contain fossils resembling existing species.
3.F.1: Give reasons supporting the fact that the number of organisms an environment can support depends on the physical conditions and resources available.
3.F.1.b: Identify and describe factors that could limit populations within any environment, such as disease, introduction of a nonnative species, depletion of resources, etc.
4.C.1: Provide evidence and examples illustrating that many substances can exist as a solid, liquid, or gas depending on temperature.
4.C.1.a: Use evidence from investigations to describe the effect that adding heat energy to different types of matter has on the rate at which the matter changes from one state to another.
4.C.1.b: Based on data from investigations describe the effect that removing heat energy from different types of matter has on the rate at which the matter changes from one state to another.
4.C.1.c: Analyze data gathered and formulate a conclusion on the effects of temperature change on most substances.
4.D.1: Cite evidence to support the fact that some substances can be separated into the original substances from which they were made.
4.D.1.a: Investigate and identify ways to describe and classify mixtures using the observable and measurable properties of their components.
4.D.1.a.3: Solubility in water.
4.D.1.c: Use data gathered to provide a reasonable explanation for the idea that the mass of a mixture is equal to the sum of the masses of its components.
5.C.2: Cite evidence supporting that electrical energy can be produced from a variety of energy sources and can itself be transformed into almost any other form of energy.
5.C.2.b: Cite examples that demonstrate the transformation of electrical energy into other forms of energy.
5.C.2.d: Identify and describe the energy transformations in simple electric circuits.
5.D.1: Identify and describe the relationships among the various properties of waves.
5.D.1.a: Cite examples to show that waves transfer energy from one place to another.
5.D.1.a.3: Earthquake waves
5.D.1.b: Measure and describe the wavelength, frequency, and amplitude of waves using:
5.D.1.c: Measure and describe the relationship between the frequency and the wavelength of a wave.
5.D.2: Provide evidence to demonstrate the relationship among the properties of waves using sound.
5.D.2.a: Investigate and describe that the pitch of sounds can be varied by changing the rate of vibration.
5.D.2.b: Identify and describe the relationship among frequency, wavelength, and pitch.
5.D.2.c: Observe and describe the relationship between amplitude and loudness.
5.D.2.d: Cite evidence that sound waves transfer energy using observation of sympathetic tuning forks, tuned guitar strings, etc.
5.D.3: Investigate and cite the rules that govern behaviors of light.
5.D.3.a: Based on data generalize the law of reflection.
5.D.3.c: Based on observations predict the change in the direction (refraction) of light as it travels from one material to another.
5.D.3.d: Cite evidence that the amount of light energy absorbed or reflected depends on the color of the object illuminated.
6.A.1: Recognize and compare how different parts of the world have varying amounts and types of natural resources and how the use of those resources impacts environmental quality.
6.A.1.a: Identify and describe natural resources as
6.A.1.c: Identify and describe how the natural change processes may be affected by human activities.
6.A.1.c.2: Beach preservation
6.A.1.c.5: Stream/river alteration.
6.B.1: Recognize and explain that humancaused changes have consequences for Maryland's environment as well as for other places and future times.
6.B.1.a: Identify and describe a range of local issues that have an impact on people in other places.
6.B.1.b: Recognize and describe how environmental change in one part of the world can have consequences for other parts of the world.
6.B.1.c: Identify and describe that ecosystems can be impacted by human activities.
6.B.1.c.1: Protection of the Chesapeake Bay watershed
6.B.1.c.2: Resource acquisition and use
6.B.1.c.3: Land use decisions (agriculture, mining, and development)
6.B.1.c.5: Use and disposal of toxic substances
Correlation last revised: 10/22/2009