1: Earth and Space Science
1.1: Give a simple explanation of what a mineral is and some examples, e.g., quartz, mica.
1.2: Identify the physical properties of minerals (hardness, color, luster, cleavage, and streak), and explain how minerals can be tested for these different physical properties.
1.3: Identify the three categories of rocks (metamorphic, igneous, and sedimentary) based on how they are formed, and explain the natural and physical processes that create these rocks.
1.8: Describe how global patterns such as the jet stream and water currents influence local weather in measurable terms such as temperature, wind direction and speed, and precipitation.
1.9: Differentiate between weather and climate.
1.10: Describe how water on earth cycles in different forms and in different locations, including underground and in the atmosphere.
1.11: Give examples of how the cycling of water, both in and out of the atmosphere, has an effect on climate.
1.12: Give examples of how the surface of the earth changes due to slow processes such as erosion and weathering, and rapid processes such as landslides, volcanic eruptions, and earthquakes.
1.13: Recognize that the earth is part of a system called the "solar system" that includes the sun (a star), planets, and many moons. The earth is the third planet from the sun in our solar system.
1.14: Recognize that the earth revolves around (orbits) the sun in a year's time and that the earth rotates on its axis once approximately every 24 hours. Make connections between the rotation of the earth and day/night, and the apparent movement of the sun, moon, and stars across the sky.
Comparing Earth and Venus
Phases of the Moon
Seasons: Earth, Moon, and Sun
1.15: Describe the changes that occur in the observable shape of the moon over the course of a month.
Phases of the Moon
2: Life Science (Biology)
2.2: Identify the structures in plants (leaves, roots, flowers, stem, bark, wood) that are responsible for food production, support, water transport, reproduction, growth, and protection.
Cell Energy Cycle
2.5: Differentiate between observed characteristics of plants and animals that are fully inherited (e.g., color of flower, shape of leaves, color of eyes, number of appendages) and characteristics that are affected by the climate or environment (e.g., browning of leaves due to too much sun, language spoken).
2.8: Describe how organisms meet some of their needs in an environment by using behaviors (patterns of activities) in response to information (stimuli) received from the environment. Recognize that some animal behaviors are instinctive (e.g., turtles burying their eggs), and others are learned (e.g., humans building fires for warmth, chimpanzees learning how to use tools).
Reverse the Field
2.11: Describe how energy derived from the sun is used by plants to produce sugars (photosynthesis) and is transfer-red within a foodchain from producers (plants) to consumers to decomposers.
Cell Energy Cycle
3: Physical Sciences (Chemistry and Physics)
3.1: Differentiate between properties of objects (e.g., size, shape, weight) and properties of materials (e.g., color, texture, hardness).
Density Experiment: Slice and Dice
3.3: Describe how water can be changed from one state to another by adding or taking away heat.
Phases of Water
3.4: Identify the basic forms of energy (light, sound, heat, electrical, and magnetic). Recognize that energy is the ability to cause motion or create change.
3.5: Give examples of how energy can be transferred from one form to another.
3.6: Recognize that electricity in circuits requires a complete loop through which an electrical current can pass, and that electricity can produce light, heat, and sound.
3.7: Identify and classify objects and materials that conduct electricity and objects and materials that are insulators of electricity.
3.9: Recognize that magnets have poles that repel and attract each other.
3.11: Recognize that sound is produced by vibrating objects and requires a medium through which to travel. Relate the rate of vibration to the pitch of the sound.
3.12: Recognize that light travels in a straight line until it strikes an object or travels from one medium to another, and that light can be reflected, refracted, and absorbed.
Correlation last revised: 4/4/2018