SC12.1.1: Students will design and conduct investigations that lead to the use of logic and evidence in the formulation of scientific explanations and models.
SC12.1.1.b: Design and conduct logical and sequential scientific investigations with repeated trials and apply findings to new investigations
SC12.1.1.c: Identify and manage variables and constraints
SC12.1.1.g: Analyze and interpret data, synthesize ideas, formulate and evaluate models, and clarify concepts and explanations
SC12.1.1.k: Evaluate scientific investigations and offer revisions and new ideas as appropriate
SC12.1.1.l: Use appropriate mathematics in all aspects of scientific inquiry
SC12.1.3: Students will solve a complex design problem.
SC12.1.3.a: Propose designs and choose between alternative solutions of a problem
SC12.1.3.b: Assess the limits of a technical design
SC12.1.3.c: Implement the selected solution
SC12.1.3.d: Evaluate the solution and its consequences
SC12.1.3.e: Communicate the problem, process, and solution
SC12.1.3.f: Compare and contrast the reasons for the pursuit of science and the pursuit of technology
SC12.1.3.g: Explain how science advances with the introduction of new technology
SC12.2.1: Students will investigate and describe matter in terms of its structure, composition and conservation.
SC12.2.1.a: Recognize bonding occurs when outer electrons are transferred (ionic) or shared (covalent)
SC12.2.1.b: Describe the energy transfer associated with phase changes between solids, liquids, and gases
SC12.2.1.c: Describe the three normal states of matter (solid, liquid, gas) in terms of energy, particle arrangement, particle motion, and strength of bond between molecules
SC12.2.1.e: Identify factors affecting rates of chemical reactions (temperature, particle size, surface area)
SC12.2.1.f: Recognize the charges and relative locations of subatomic particles (neutrons, protons, electrons)
SC12.2.1.g: Describe properties of atoms, ions, and isotopes
SC12.2.1.h: Describe the organization of the periodic table of elements with respect to patterns of physical and chemical properties
SC12.2.2: Students will investigate and describe the nature of field forces and their interactions with matter.
SC12.2.2.a: Describe motion with respect to displacement and acceleration
SC12.2.2.c: Make predictions based on relationships among net force, mass, and acceleration (Newton’s 2nd law)
SC12.2.2.d: Recognize that all forces occur in equal and opposite pairs (Newton’s 3rd law)
SC12.2.2.f: Describe gravity as a force that each mass exerts on another mass, which is proportional to the masses and the distance between them
SC12.2.2.g: Recognize that an attractive or repulsive electric force exists between two charged particles and that this force is proportional to the magnitude of the charges and the distance between them
SC12.2.3: Students will describe and investigate energy systems relating to the conservation and interaction of energy and matter.
SC12.2.3.a: Describe mechanical wave properties (speed, wavelength, frequency, amplitude) and how waves travel through a medium
SC12.2.3.d: Distinguish between temperature (a measure of the average kinetic energy of atomic or molecular motion) and heat (the quantity of thermal energy that transfers due to a change in temperature)
SC12.2.3.i: Interpret the law of conservation of energy to make predictions for the outcome of an event
SC12.2.3.j: Identify that all energy can be considered to be either kinetic, potential, or energy contained by a field (e.g. electromagnetic waves)
SC12.2.3.k: Identify endothermic and exothermic reactions
SC12.3.1: Students will investigate and describe the chemical basis of the growth, development, and maintenance of cells.
SC12.3.1.a: Identify the complex molecules (carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids) that make up living organisms
SC12.3.1.b: Identify the form and function of sub-cellular structures that regulate cellular activities
SC12.3.1.c: Describe the cellular functions of photosynthesis, respiration, cell division, protein synthesis, transport of materials, and energy capture/release
SC12.3.2: Students will describe the molecular basis of reproduction and heredity.
SC12.3.2.a: Identify that information passed from parents to offspring is coded in DNA molecules
SC12.3.2.b: Describe the basic structure of DNA and its function in genetic inheritance
SC12.3.2.c: Recognize how mutations could help, harm, or have no effect on individual organisms
SC12.3.2.d: Describe that sexual reproduction results in a largely predictable, variety of possible gene combinations in the offspring of any two parents
SC12.3.3: Students will describe, on a molecular level, the cycling of matter and the flow of energy between organisms and their environment.
SC12.3.3.a: Explain how the stability of an ecosystem is increased by biological diversity
SC12.3.3.c: Explain how distribution and abundance of different organisms in ecosystems are limited by the availability of matter and energy and the ability of the ecosystem to recycle materials
SC12.3.3.d: Analyze factors which may influence environmental quality
SC12.3.4: Students will describe the theory of biological evolution.
SC12.3.4.a: Identify different types of adaptations necessary for survival (morphological, physiological, behavioral)
SC12.3.4.d: Apply the theory of biological evolution to explain diversity of life over time
SC12.4.2: Students will investigate the relationships among Earth’s structure, systems, and processes.
SC12.4.2.a: Recognize how Earth materials move through geochemical cycles (carbon, nitrogen, oxygen) resulting in chemical and physical changes in matter
SC12.4.2.c: Evaluate the impact of human activity and natural causes on Earth’s resources (groundwater, rivers, land, fossil fuels)
SC12.4.3: Students will investigate and describe the relationships among the sources of energy and their effects on Earth’s systems.
SC12.4.3.a: Describe how radiation, conduction, and convection transfer heat in Earth’s systems
SC12.4.4: Students will explain the history and evolution of Earth.
SC12.4.4.b: Interpret Earth’s history by observing rock sequences, using fossils to correlate the sequences at various locations, and using data from radioactive dating methods
Correlation last revised: 9/16/2020