### PI: Science Processes and Inquiry

#### PI.1: Observing is the first action taken by the learner to acquire new information about an object, organism, or event. Opportunities for observation are developed through the use of a variety of scientific tools. Measurement allows observations to be quantified. The student will accomplish these objectives to meet this process standard.

PI.1.1: Identify qualitative and/or quantitative changes given conditions (e.g., temperature, mass, volume, time, position, length) before, during, and after an event.

PI.1.2: Use appropriate tools (e.g., metric ruler, graduated cylinder, thermometer, balances, spring scales, stopwatches, computers and handheld data collection devices) to measure objects, organisms, and/or events.

PI.1.3: Use appropriate International System of Units (SI) (i.e., grams, meters, liters, degrees Celsius, and seconds) and SI prefixes (i.e., milli-, centi-, and kilo-) when measuring objects, organisms and/or events.

#### PI.2: Classifying establishes order. Objects, organisms, and events are classified based on similarities, differences, and interrelationships. The student will accomplish these objectives to meet this process standard.

PI.2.1: Using observable properties, place an object, organism, and/or event into a classification system (e.g., dichotomous keys, periodic table, biological hierarchy).

#### PI.3: Understanding experimental designs requires that students recognize the components of a valid experiment. The student will accomplish these objectives to meet this process standard.

PI.3.1: Evaluate the design of a scientific investigation.

PI.3.2: Identify variables and/or controls in an experimental setup: independent variable and dependent variable.

PI.3.3: Identify a testable hypothesis for an experiment.

PI.3.4: Follow a multistep procedure when carrying out experiments, taking measurements, or performing technical tasks.

#### PI.4: Interpreting is the process of recognizing patterns in collected data by making inferences, predictions, or conclusions. Communicating is the process of describing, recording, and reporting experimental procedures and results to others. Communication may be oral, written, or mathematical and includes organizing ideas, using appropriate vocabulary, graphs, other visual representations, and mathematical equations. The student will accomplish these objectives to meet this process standard.

PI.4.1: Report and record both quantitative/qualitative data in an appropriate method when given an experimental procedure or data.

PI.4.2: Interpret data tables, line, bar, trend, and/or circle graphs.

PI.4.4: Determine if results of investigations support or do not support hypotheses.

PI.4.5: Communicate scientific processes, procedures, and conclusions (e.g., model, poster, diagram, journal entry, lab report, scientific paper, oral presentation, and digital presentation).

#### PI.5: Inquiry can be defined as the skills necessary to carry out the process of scientific thinking. In order for inquiry to occur students must have the opportunity to make observations, pose questions, formulate testable hypotheses, carry out experiments, and make conclusions based on evidence. The student will accomplish these objectives to meet this process standard.

PI.5.2: Design and conduct experiments utilizing scientific processes.

PI.5.4: Understand the value of technology and use technology to gather data and analyze results of investigations (e.g., probes, hand-held digital devices, digital cameras, software, computers, calculators, digital balances, GPS).

### 6: The earth is the third planet from the sun in a system that includes the moon, the sun, seven other planets and their moons, and smaller objects (e.g., asteroids, comets, dwarf planets). The student will engage in investigations that integrate the process standards and lead to the discovery of the following objectives:

#### 6.2: Seasons result from variations in the amount of the sun?s energy hitting the surface, due to the tilt of the earth?s rotation on its axis and the length of the day. The relationship of motion of the Sun, Earth, and Earth?s Moon is a result of the force of gravity.

Correlation last revised: 5/21/2018

This correlation lists the recommended Gizmos for this state's curriculum standards. Click any Gizmo title below for more information.