G.LP: Logic and Proofs

G.LP.1: Understand and describe the structure of and relationships within an axiomatic system (undefined terms, definitions, axioms and postulates, methods of reasoning, and theorems). Understand the differences among supporting evidence, counterexamples, and actual proofs.

 Beam to Moon (Ratios and Proportions)
 Biconditional Statements
 Conditional Statements
 Estimating Population Size
 Investigating Angle Theorems
 Isosceles and Equilateral Triangles
 Part-to-part and Part-to-whole Ratios

G.LP.2: Know precise definitions for angle, circle, perpendicular line, parallel line, and line segment, based on the undefined notions of point, line, and plane. Use standard geometric notation.

 Circles
 Inscribed Angles
 Parallel, Intersecting, and Skew Lines

G.LP.3: State, use, and examine the validity of the converse, inverse, and contrapositive of conditional (“if – then”) and bi-conditional (“if and only if”) statements.

 Biconditional Statements
 Conditional Statements

G.LP.4: Develop geometric proofs, including direct proofs, indirect proofs, proofs by contradiction and proofs involving coordinate geometry, using two-column, paragraphs, and flow charts formats.

 Biconditional Statements
 Conditional Statements

G.PL: Points, Lines, Angles, and Planes

G.PL.1: Identify, justify, and apply properties of planes.

 Parallel, Intersecting, and Skew Lines

G.PL.3: Prove and apply theorems about lines and angles, including the following: vertical angles are congruent; when a transversal crosses parallel lines, alternate interior angles are congruent, alternate exterior angles are congruent, and corresponding angles are congruent; when a transversal crosses parallel lines, same side interior angles are supplementary; and points on a perpendicular bisector of a line segment are exactly those equidistant from the endpoints of the segment.

 Investigating Angle Theorems
 Segment and Angle Bisectors
 Triangle Angle Sum

G.PL.4: Know that parallel lines have the same slope and perpendicular lines have opposite reciprocal slopes. Determine if a pair of lines are parallel, perpendicular, or neither by comparing the slopes in coordinate graphs and in equations. Find the equation of a line, passing through a given point, that is parallel or perpendicular to a given line.

 Cat and Mouse (Modeling with Linear Systems)

G.PL.5: Explain and justify the process used to construct, with a variety of tools and methods (compass and straightedge, string, reflective devices, paper folding, dynamic geometric software, etc.), congruent segments and angles, angle bisectors, perpendicular bisectors, altitudes, medians, and parallel and perpendicular lines.

 Constructing Congruent Segments and Angles
 Constructing Parallel and Perpendicular Lines
 Segment and Angle Bisectors

G.T: Triangles

G.T.1: Prove and apply theorems about triangles, including the following: measures of interior angles of a triangle sum to 180°; base angles of isosceles triangles are congruent; the segment joining midpoints of two sides of a triangle is parallel to the third side and half the length; the medians of a triangle meet at a point; a line parallel to one side of a triangle divides the other two proportionally, and conversely; the Pythagorean Theorem, using triangle similarity; and the isosceles triangle theorem and its converse.

 Cosine Function
 Isosceles and Equilateral Triangles
 Polygon Angle Sum
 Pythagorean Theorem
 Pythagorean Theorem with a Geoboard
 Similar Figures
 Sine Function
 Triangle Angle Sum
 Triangle Inequalities

G.T.3: Explain and justify the process used to construct congruent triangles with a variety of tools and methods (compass and straightedge, string, reflective devices, paper folding, dynamic geometric software, etc.).

 Constructing Congruent Segments and Angles

G.T.4: Given two triangles, use the definition of similarity in terms of similarity transformations to decide if they are similar; explain using similarity transformations the meaning of similarity for triangles as the equality of all corresponding pairs of angles and the proportionality of all corresponding pairs of sides, and to establish the AA criterion for two triangles to be similar.

 Circles
 Dilations
 Similar Figures

G.T.6: Prove and apply the inequality theorems, including the following: triangle inequality, inequality in one triangle, and the hinge theorem and its converse.

 Triangle Inequalities

G.T.7: State and apply the relationships that exist when the altitude is drawn to the hypotenuse of a right triangle. Understand and use the geometric mean to solve for missing parts of triangles.

 Similarity in Right Triangles

G.T.8: Develop the distance formula using the Pythagorean Theorem. Find the lengths and midpoints of line segments in one- or two-dimensional coordinate systems. Find measures of the sides of polygons in the coordinate plane; apply this technique to compute the perimeters and areas of polygons in real-world and mathematical problems.

 Area of Parallelograms
 Area of Triangles
 Circles
 Distance Formula
 Perimeter and Area of Rectangles
 Perimeters and Areas of Similar Figures

G.T.9: Understand that by similarity, side ratios in right triangles are properties of the angles in the triangle, leading to definitions of trigonometric ratios for acute angles.

 Sine, Cosine, and Tangent Ratios

G.T.10: Use trigonometric ratios (sine, cosine and tangent) and the Pythagorean Theorem to solve real-world and mathematical problems involving right triangles.

 Cosine Function
 Distance Formula
 Pythagorean Theorem
 Pythagorean Theorem with a Geoboard
 Sine Function
 Sine, Cosine, and Tangent Ratios
 Sum and Difference Identities for Sine and Cosine
 Tangent Function

G.T.11: Use special right triangles (30° - 60° and 45° - 45°) to solve real-world and mathematical problems.

 Cosine Function
 Sine Function
 Tangent Function

G.QP: Quadrilaterals and Other Polygons

G.QP.1: Prove and apply theorems about parallelograms, including the following: opposite sides are congruent; opposite angles are congruent; the diagonals of a parallelogram bisect each other; and rectangles are parallelograms with congruent diagonals.

 Parallelogram Conditions
 Special Parallelograms

G.QP.2: Prove that given quadrilaterals are parallelograms, rhombuses, rectangles, squares or trapezoids. Include coordinate proofs of quadrilaterals in the coordinate plane.

 Parallelogram Conditions
 Special Parallelograms

G.QP.3: Find measures of interior and exterior angles of polygons. Explain and justify the method used.

 Polygon Angle Sum
 Triangle Angle Sum

G.QP.4: Identify types of symmetry of polygons, including line, point, rotational, and self-congruencies.

 Constructing Congruent Segments and Angles

G.QP.5: Deduce formulas relating lengths and sides, perimeters, and areas of regular polygons. Understand how limiting cases of such formulas lead to expressions for the circumference and the area of a circle.

 Area of Triangles
 Circumference and Area of Circles

G.CI: Circles

G.CI.1: Define, identify and use relationships among the following: radius, diameter, arc, measure of an arc, chord, secant, tangent, and congruent concentric circles.

 Chords and Arcs
 Inscribed Angles

G.CI.3: Identify and describe relationships among inscribed angles, radii, and chords, including the following: the relationship that exists between central, inscribed, and circumscribed angles; inscribed angles on a diameter are right angles; and the radius of a circle is perpendicular to a tangent where the radius intersects the circle.

 Chords and Arcs
 Inscribed Angles

G.CI.4: Solve real-world and other mathematical problems that involve finding measures of circumference, areas of circles and sectors, and arc lengths and related angles (central, inscribed, and intersections of secants and tangents).

 Chords and Arcs
 Circumference and Area of Circles
 Inscribed Angles

G.CI.5: Construct a circle that passes through three given points not on a line and justify the process used.

 Inscribed Angles

G.CI.7: Construct the inscribed and circumscribed circles of a triangle with or without technology, and prove properties of angles for a quadrilateral inscribed in a circle.

 Concurrent Lines, Medians, and Altitudes
 Inscribed Angles

G.TR: Transformations

G.TR.1: Use geometric descriptions of rigid motions to transform figures and to predict and describe the results of translations, reflections and rotations on a given figure. Describe a motion or series of motions that will show two shapes are congruent.

 Absolute Value with Linear Functions
 Circles
 Dilations
 Holiday Snowflake Designer
 Reflections
 Rotations, Reflections, and Translations
 Similar Figures
 Translations

G.TR.2: Understand a dilation takes a line not passing through the center of the dilation to a parallel line, and leaves a line passing through the center unchanged. Verify experimentally the properties of dilations given by a center and a scale factor. Understand the dilation of a line segment is longer or shorter in the ratio given by the scale factor.

 Dilations
 Similar Figures

G.TS: Three-Dimensional Solids

G.TS.1: Describe relationships between the faces, edges, and vertices of three-dimensional solids. Create a net for a given three-dimensional solid. Describe the three-dimensional solid that can be made from a given net (or pattern).

 Surface and Lateral Areas of Prisms and Cylinders
 Surface and Lateral Areas of Pyramids and Cones

G.TS.3: Know properties of congruent and similar solids, including prisms, regular pyramids, cylinders, cones, and spheres; solve problems involving congruent and similar solids.

 Constructing Congruent Segments and Angles

G.TS.5: Solve real-world and other mathematical problems involving volume and surface area of prisms, cylinders, cones, spheres, and pyramids, including problems that involve algebraic expressions.

 Prisms and Cylinders
 Pyramids and Cones
 Surface and Lateral Areas of Prisms and Cylinders
 Surface and Lateral Areas of Pyramids and Cones

Correlation last revised: 4/4/2018

This correlation lists the recommended Gizmos for this state's curriculum standards. Click any Gizmo title below for more information.