G-CO: Congruence

G-CO.1: Know precise definitions of angle, circle, perpendicular line, parallel line, and line segment, based on the undefined notions of point, line, distance along a line, and distance around a circular arc.

Circles
Constructing Congruent Segments and Angles
Constructing Parallel and Perpendicular Lines

G-CO.2: Represent transformations in the plane using, e.g., transparencies and geometry software; describe transformations as functions that take points in the plane as inputs and give other points as outputs. Compare transformations that preserve distance and angle to those that do not (e.g., translation versus horizontal stretch).

Dilations
Reflections
Rotations, Reflections, and Translations
Translations

G-CO.4: Develop definitions of rotations, reflections, and translations in terms of angles, circles, perpendicular lines, parallel lines, and line segments.

Dilations
Reflections
Rotations, Reflections, and Translations
Translations

G-CO.5: Given a geometric figure and a rotation, reflection, or translation, draw the transformed figure using, e.g., graph paper, tracing paper, or geometry software. Specify a sequence of transformations that will carry a given figure onto another.

Dilations
Reflections
Rotations, Reflections, and Translations
Translations

G-CO.6: Use geometric descriptions of rigid motions to transform figures and to predict the effect of a given rigid motion on a given figure; given two figures, use the definition of congruence in terms of rigid motions to decide if they are congruent.

Proving Triangles Congruent
Reflections
Rotations, Reflections, and Translations
Translations

G-CO.8: Explain how the criteria for triangle congruence (ASA, SAS, and SSS) follow from the definition of congruence in terms of rigid motions.

Proving Triangles Congruent

G-CO.9: Prove theorems about lines and angles.

Investigating Angle Theorems

G-CO.10: Prove theorems about triangles.

Pythagorean Theorem
Triangle Angle Sum
Triangle Inequalities

G-CO.11: Prove theorems about parallelograms.

Parallelogram Conditions
Special Parallelograms

G-CO.12: Make formal geometric constructions with a variety of tools and methods (compass and straightedge, string, reflective devices, paper folding, dynamic geometric software, etc.).

Constructing Congruent Segments and Angles
Constructing Parallel and Perpendicular Lines

G-SRT: Similarity, Right Triangles, and Trigonometry

G-SRT.1: Verify experimentally the properties of dilations given by a center and a scale factor:

G-SRT.1.b: The dilation of a line segment is longer or shorter in the ratio given by the scale factor.

Dilations
Similar Figures

G-SRT.2: Given two figures, use the definition of similarity in terms of similarity transformations to decide if they are similar; explain using similarity transformations the meaning of similarity for triangles as the equality of all corresponding pairs of angles and the proportionality of all corresponding pairs of sides.

Similar Figures

G-SRT.4: Prove theorems about triangles.

Pythagorean Theorem
Similar Figures

G-SRT.5: Use congruence and similarity criteria for triangles to solve problems and to prove relationships in geometric figures.

Dilations
Perimeters and Areas of Similar Figures
Similarity in Right Triangles

G-SRT.6: Understand that by similarity, side ratios in right triangles are properties of the angles in the triangle, leading to definitions of trigonometric ratios for acute angles.

Sine, Cosine, and Tangent Ratios

G-SRT.8: Use trigonometric ratios and the Pythagorean Theorem to solve right triangles in applied problems.

Distance Formula
Pythagorean Theorem
Pythagorean Theorem with a Geoboard
Sine, Cosine, and Tangent Ratios

8.1: Derive and use the trigonometric ratios for special right triangles (30°,60°,90°and 45°,45°,90°)

Cosine Function
Sine Function
Tangent Function

G-C: Circles

G-C.2: Identify and describe relationships among inscribed angles, radii, and chords.

Inscribed Angles

5.: Derive using similarity the fact that the length of the arc intercepted by an angle is proportional to the radius, and define the radian measure of the angle as the constant of proportionality; derive the formula for the area of a sector. Convert between degrees and radians.

Cosine Function
Sine Function
Tangent Function
Dilations

G-GPE: Expressing Geometric Properties with Equations

G-GPE.1: Derive the equation of a circle of given center and radius using the Pythagorean Theorem; complete the square to find the center and radius of a circle given by an equation.

Circles
Distance Formula
Pythagorean Theorem
Pythagorean Theorem with a Geoboard

G-GPE.2: Derive the equation of a parabola given a focus and directrix.

Parabolas

G-GPE.3: Derive the equations of ellipses and hyperbolas given the foci, using the fact that the sum or difference of distances from the foci is constant.

Ellipses
Hyperbolas

G-GPE.3.1: Given a quadratic equation of the form ax² + by² + cx + dy + e = 0, use the method for completing the square to put the equation into standard form; identify whether the graph of the equation is a circle, ellipse, parabola, or hyperbola, and graph the equation.

Addition and Subtraction of Functions
Circles
Ellipses
Hyperbolas
Parabolas
Zap It! Game

G-GPE.7: Use coordinates to compute perimeters of polygons and areas of triangles and rectangles, e.g., using the distance formula.

Distance Formula

G-GMD: Geometric Measurement and Dimension

G-GMD.1: Give an informal argument for the formulas for the circumference of a circle, area of a circle, volume of a cylinder, pyramid, and cone.

Circumference and Area of Circles
Prisms and Cylinders
Pyramids and Cones

G-GMD.3: Use volume formulas for cylinders, pyramids, cones, and spheres to solve problems.

Prisms and Cylinders
Pyramids and Cones

6.: Verify experimentally that in a triangle, angles opposite longer sides are larger, sides opposite larger angles are longer, and the sum of any two side lengths is greater than the remaining side length; apply these relationships to solve real-world and mathematical problems.

Concurrent Lines, Medians, and Altitudes
Isosceles and Equilateral Triangles
Triangle Inequalities

Correlation last revised: 9/24/2019

This correlation lists the recommended Gizmos for this state's curriculum standards. Click any Gizmo title below for more information.