ESS: Earth and Space Science

ESS.1: This topic focuses on Earth's hydrologic cycle, patterns that exist in atmospheric and oceanic currents, the relationship between thermal energy and the currents, and the relative position and movement of the Earth, sun and moon.

ESS.1.1: The hydrologic cycle illustrates the changing states of water as it moves through the lithosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere and atmosphere.

ESS.1.1.a: Thermal energy is transferred as water changes state throughout the cycle. The cycling of water in the atmosphere is an important part of weather patterns on Earth. The rate at which water flows through soil and rock is dependent upon the porosity and permeability of the soil or rock.

 Porosity
 Water Cycle

ESS.1.2: Thermal-energy transfers in the ocean and the atmosphere contribute to the formation of currents, which influence global climate patterns.

ESS.1.2.a: The sun is the major source of energy for wind, air and ocean currents and the hydrologic cycle. As thermal energy transfers occur in the atmosphere and ocean, currents form. Large bodies of water can influence weather and climate. The jet stream is an example of an atmospheric current and the Gulf Stream is an example of an oceanic current. Ocean currents are influenced by factors other than thermal energy, such as water density, mineral content (such as salinity), ocean floor topography and Earth's rotation. All of these factors delineate global climate patterns on Earth.

 Coastal Winds and Clouds
 Water Cycle

ESS.1.3: The atmosphere has different properties at different elevations and contains a mixture of gases that cycle through the lithosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere and atmosphere.

ESS.1.3.a: The atmosphere is held to the Earth by the force of gravity. There are defined layers of the atmosphere that have specific properties, such as temperature, chemical composition and physical characteristics. Gases in the atmosphere include nitrogen, oxygen, water vapor, carbon dioxide and other trace gases. Biogeochemical cycles illustrate the movement of specific elements or molecules (such as carbon or nitrogen) through the lithosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere and atmosphere.

 Carbon Cycle
 Cell Energy Cycle

ESS.1.4: The relative patterns of motion and positions of the Earth, moon and sun cause solar and lunar eclipses, tides and phases of the moon.

ESS.1.4.a: The moon's orbit and its change of position relative to the Earth and sun result in different parts of the moon being visible from Earth (phases of the moon).

 Moonrise, Moonset, and Phases
 Phases of the Moon

ESS.1.4.b: A solar eclipse is when Earth moves into the shadow of the moon (during a new moon). A lunar eclipse is when the moon moves into the shadow of Earth (during a full moon).

 2D Eclipse
 3D Eclipse

ESS.1.4.c: Gravitational force between the Earth and the moon causes daily oceanic tides. When the gravitational forces from the sun and moon align (at new and full moons) spring tides occur. When the gravitational forces of the sun and moon are perpendicular (at first and last quarter moons), neap tides occur.

 Tides

LS: Life Science

LS.1: This topic focuses on the impact of matter and energy transfer within the biotic component of ecosystems.

LS.1.1: Matter is transferred continuously between one organism to another and between organisms and their physical environments.

LS.1.1.a: Plants use the energy in light to make sugars out of carbon dioxide and water (photosynthesis). These materials can be used and immediately stored for later use. Organisms that eat plants break down plant structures to produce the materials and energy they need to survive. Then they are consumed by other organisms.

 Cell Energy Cycle
 Food Chain
 Forest Ecosystem
 Photosynthesis Lab
 Prairie Ecosystem

LS.1.1.c: The total amount of matter and energy remains constant, even though its form and location change.

 Air Track
 Chemical Changes
 Energy Conversion in a System
 Energy of a Pendulum
 Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects
 Roller Coaster Physics

LS.1.2: In any particular biome, the number, growth and survival of organisms and populations depend on biotic and abiotic factors.

LS.1.2.a: Biomes are regional ecosystems characterized by distinct types of organisms that have developed under specific soil and climatic conditions.

 Coral Reefs 1 - Abiotic Factors

LS.1.2.b: The variety of physical (abiotic) conditions that exists on Earth gives rise to diverse environments (biomes) and allows for the existence of a wide variety of organisms (biodiversity).

 Coral Reefs 1 - Abiotic Factors
 Pond Ecosystem

LS.1.2.c: Ecosystems are dynamic in nature; the number and types of species fluctuate over time. Disruptions, deliberate or inadvertent, to the physical (abiotic) or biological (biotic) components of an ecosystem impact the composition of an ecosystem.

 Coral Reefs 1 - Abiotic Factors
 Coral Reefs 2 - Biotic Factors
 Food Chain
 Forest Ecosystem
 Pond Ecosystem
 Prairie Ecosystem

PS: Physical Science

PS.1: This topic focuses on the empirical evidence for the arrangements of atoms on the Periodic Table of Elements, conservation of mass and energy, transformation and transfer of energy.

PS.1.1: The properties of matter are determined by the arrangement of atoms.

PS.1.1.a: Elements can be organized into families with similar properties, such as highly reactive metals, less-reactive metals, highly reactive nonmetals and some gases that are almost completely nonreactive.

 Element Builder

PS.1.1.b: Substances are classified according to their properties, such as metals and acids.

 Mineral Identification

PS.1.1.c: When substances interact to form new substances, the properties of the new substances may be very different from those of the old, but the amount of mass does not change.

 Chemical Changes

PS.1.2: Energy can be transformed or transferred but is never lost.

PS.1.2.a: When energy is transferred from one system to another, the quantity of energy before transfer equals the quantity of energy after transfer. When energy is transformed from one form to another, the total amount of energy remains the same.

 2D Collisions
 Air Track
 Energy Conversion in a System
 Energy of a Pendulum
 Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects
 Roller Coaster Physics

PS.1.3: Energy can be transferred through a variety of ways.

PS.1.3.b: Electromagnetic waves transfer energy when they interact with matter.

 Heat Absorption
 Radiation

PS.1.3.c: Thermal energy can be transferred through radiation, convection and conduction.

 Conduction and Convection
 Heat Absorption
 Heat Transfer by Conduction
 Herschel Experiment
 Radiation

PS.1.3.d: Electrical energy transfers when an electrical source is connected in a complete electrical circuit to an electrical device.

 Circuit Builder
 Circuits

Correlation last revised: 4/4/2018

This correlation lists the recommended Gizmos for this state's curriculum standards. Click any Gizmo title below for more information.