WS: Working scientifically

WS.2: Experimental skills and investigations

WS.2.1: ask questions and develop a line of enquiry based on observations of the real world, alongside prior knowledge and experience

Pendulum Clock

WS.2.3: select, plan and carry out the most appropriate types of scientific enquiries to test predictions, including identifying independent, dependent and control variables, where appropriate

Effect of Environment on New Life Form
Growing Plants
Hearing: Frequency and Volume
Pendulum Clock
Real-Time Histogram
Seed Germination
Sight vs. Sound Reactions
Temperature and Sex Determination - Metric
Time Estimation

WS.2.5: make and record observations and measurements using a range of methods for different investigations; and evaluate the reliability of methods and suggest possible improvements

Diffusion
Effect of Environment on New Life Form
Hearing: Frequency and Volume
Pendulum Clock

WS.2.6: apply sampling techniques.

Hearing: Frequency and Volume

WS.3: Analysis and evaluation

WS.3.1: apply mathematical concepts and calculate results

Estimating Population Size
Pendulum Clock

WS.3.2: present observations and data using appropriate methods, including tables and graphs

Graphing Skills
Hearing: Frequency and Volume
Identifying Nutrients

WS.3.3: interpret observations and data, including identifying patterns and using observations, measurements and data to draw conclusions

Temperature and Sex Determination - Metric

WS.3.6: identify further questions arising from their results.

Effect of Environment on New Life Form
Pendulum Clock
Sight vs. Sound Reactions

B: Biology

B.1: Structure and function of living organisms

B.1.A: Cells and organisation

B.1.A.2: the functions of the cell wall, cell membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus, vacuole, mitochondria and chloroplasts

Cell Energy Cycle
Cell Structure
Paramecium Homeostasis
RNA and Protein Synthesis

B.1.A.3: the similarities and differences between plant and animal cells

Cell Structure

B.1.A.4: the role of diffusion in the movement of materials in and between cells

Osmosis

B.1.C: Nutrition and digestion

B.1.C.1: content of a healthy human diet: carbohydrates, lipids (fats and oils), proteins, vitamins, minerals, dietary fibre and water, and why each is needed

Digestive System

B.1.C.4: the tissues and organs of the human digestive system, including adaptations to function and how the digestive system digests food (enzymes simply as biological catalysts)

Digestive System

B.1.C.5: the importance of bacteria in the human digestive system roots.

Digestive System

B.1.E: Reproduction

B.1.E.2: reproduction in plants, including flower structure, wind and insect pollination, fertilisation, seed and fruit formation and dispersal, including quantitative investigation of some dispersal mechanisms.

Flower Pollination
Pollination: Flower to Fruit

B.2: Material cycles and energy

B.2.A: Photosynthesis

B.2.A.1: the reactants in, and products of, photosynthesis, and a word summary for photosynthesis

Cell Energy Cycle
Photosynthesis Lab

B.2.A.2: the dependence of almost all life on Earth on the ability of photosynthetic organisms, such as plants and algae, to use sunlight in photosynthesis to build organic molecules that are an essential energy store and to maintain levels of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the atmosphere

Food Chain
Plants and Snails
Pond Ecosystem

B.2.B: Cellular respiration

B.2.B.1: aerobic and anaerobic respiration in living organisms, including the breakdown of organic molecules to enable all the other chemical processes necessary for life

Cell Energy Cycle

B.2.B.4: the differences between aerobic and anaerobic respiration in terms of the reactants, the products formed and the implications for the organism.

Cell Energy Cycle

B.3: Interactions and interdependencies

B.3.A: Relationships in an ecosystem

B.3.A.1: the interdependence of organisms in an ecosystem, including food webs and insect pollinated crops

Food Chain
Forest Ecosystem

B.4: Genetics and evolution

B.4.A: Inheritance, chromosomes, DNA and genes

B.4.A.1: heredity as the process by which genetic information is transmitted from one generation to the next

Inheritance
Mouse Genetics (One Trait)
Mouse Genetics (Two Traits)

B.4.A.2: a simple model of chromosomes, genes and DNA in heredity, including the part played by Watson, Crick, Wilkins and Franklin in the development of the DNA model

Mouse Genetics (One Trait)
Mouse Genetics (Two Traits)

B.4.A.3: differences between species

Dichotomous Keys

B.4.A.7: the importance of maintaining biodiversity and the use of gene banks to preserve hereditary material.

Mouse Genetics (One Trait)
Mouse Genetics (Two Traits)

C: Chemistry

C.1: The particulate nature of matter

C.1.1: the properties of the different states of matter (solid, liquid and gas) in terms of the particle model, including gas pressure

Phase Changes
Phases of Water

C.1.2: changes of state in terms of the particle model.

Phases of Water

C.2: Atoms, elements and compounds

C.2.3: chemical symbols and formulae for elements and compounds

Chemical Equations

C.4: Chemical reactions

C.4.1: chemical reactions as the rearrangement of atoms

Chemical Changes
Chemical Equations

C.4.2: representing chemical reactions using formulae and using equations

Chemical Changes
Chemical Equations

C.4.3: combustion, thermal decomposition, oxidation and displacement reactions

Balancing Chemical Equations
Chemical Changes
Chemical Equations

C.4.5: the pH scale for measuring acidity/alkalinity; and indicators

Mystery Powder Analysis
pH Analysis
pH Analysis: Quad Color Indicator

C.5: Energetics

C.5.1: energy changes on changes of state (qualitative)

Phase Changes
Phases of Water

C.5.2: exothermic and endothermic chemical reactions (qualitative).

Chemical Changes

C.6: The Periodic Table

C.6.3: the Periodic Table: periods and groups; metals and non-metals

Ionic Bonds

C.8: Earth and atmosphere

C.8.3: the rock cycle and the formation of igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks

Rock Cycle

C.8.5: the carbon cycle

Carbon Cycle
Cell Energy Cycle

C.8.7: the production of carbon dioxide by human activity and the impact on climate.

Coral Reefs 1 - Abiotic Factors
Water Pollution

P: Physics

P.1: Energy

P.1.A: Calculation of fuel uses and costs in the domestic context

P.1.A.2: comparing power ratings of appliances in watts (W, kW)

Household Energy Usage

P.1.B: Energy changes and transfers

P.1.B.1: simple machines give bigger force but at the expense of smaller movement (and vice versa): product of force and displacement unchanged

Ants on a Slant (Inclined Plane)
Levers
Pulley Lab
Pulleys
Wheel and Axle

P.1.B.2: heating and thermal equilibrium: temperature difference between two objects leading to energy transfer from the hotter to the cooler one, through contact (conduction) or radiation; such transfers tending to reduce the temperature difference: use of insulators

Conduction and Convection
Heat Absorption
Heat Transfer by Conduction
Herschel Experiment - Metric
Radiation

P.1.B.3: other processes that involve energy transfer: changing motion, dropping an object, completing an electrical circuit, stretching a spring, metabolism of food, burning fuels.

2D Collisions

P.1.C: Changes in systems

P.1.C.1: energy as a quantity that can be quantified and calculated; the total energy has the same value before and after a change

Air Track
Energy Conversion in a System
Energy of a Pendulum
Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects
Roller Coaster Physics

P.2: Motion and forces

P.2.A: Describing motion

P.2.A.1: speed and the quantitative relationship between average speed, distance and time (speed = distance รท time)

Distance-Time Graphs
Distance-Time and Velocity-Time Graphs
Free Fall Tower
Free-Fall Laboratory
Measuring Motion

P.2.A.2: the representation of a journey on a distance-time graph

Distance-Time Graphs
Distance-Time and Velocity-Time Graphs
Free Fall Tower
Free-Fall Laboratory

P.2.A.3: relative motion: trains and cars passing one another.

Free Fall Tower
Free-Fall Laboratory

P.2.B: Forces

P.2.B.4: forces: associated with deforming objects; stretching and squashing - springs; with rubbing and friction between surfaces, with pushing things out of the way; resistance to motion of air and water

Force and Fan Carts
Free Fall Tower
Free-Fall Laboratory

P.2.B.7: work done and energy changes on deformation

Ants on a Slant (Inclined Plane)
Pulley Lab

P.2.B.8: non-contact forces: gravity forces acting at a distance on Earth and in space, forces between magnets and forces due to static electricity.

Charge Launcher
Free Fall Tower
Free-Fall Laboratory
Gravitational Force
Gravity Pitch

P.2.E: Forces and motion

P.2.E.1: forces being needed to cause objects to stop or start moving, or to change their speed or direction of motion (qualitative only)

Free Fall Tower
Free-Fall Laboratory

P.3: Waves

P.3.A: Observed waves

P.3.A.1: waves on water as undulations which travel through water with transverse motion; these waves can be reflected, and add or cancel - superposition.

Ripple Tank

P.3.B: Sound waves

P.3.B.1: frequencies of sound waves, measured in hertz (Hz); echoes, reflection and absorption of sound

Hearing: Frequency and Volume
Longitudinal Waves

P.3.B.2: sound needs a medium to travel, the speed of sound in air, in water, in solids

Longitudinal Waves

P.3.B.3: sound produced by vibrations of objects, in loud speakers, detected by their effects on microphone diaphragm and the ear drum; sound waves are longitudinal

Hearing: Frequency and Volume
Longitudinal Waves

P.3.C: Energy and waves

P.3.C.1: pressure waves transferring energy; use for cleaning and physiotherapy by ultra-sound; waves transferring information for conversion to electrical signals by microphone.

Longitudinal Waves

P.3.D: Light waves

P.3.D.3: the transmission of light through materials: absorption, diffuse scattering and specular reflection at a surface

Color Absorption
Heat Absorption
Herschel Experiment - Metric

P.3.D.4: use of ray model to explain imaging in mirrors, the pinhole camera, the refraction of light and action of convex lens in focusing (qualitative); the human eye

Ray Tracing (Lenses)
Ray Tracing (Mirrors)

P.3.D.6: colours and the different frequencies of light, white light and prisms (qualitative only); differential colour effects in absorption and diffuse reflection.

Basic Prism
Color Absorption
Heat Absorption
Herschel Experiment - Metric

P.4: Electricity and electromagnetism

P.4.A: Current electricity

P.4.A.1: electric current, measured in amperes, in circuits, series and parallel circuits, currents add where branches meet and current as flow of charge

Advanced Circuits
Circuit Builder
Circuits

P.4.A.3: differences in resistance between conducting and insulating components (quantitative).

Circuit Builder

P.4.B: Static electricity

P.4.B.1: separation of positive or negative charges when objects are rubbed together: transfer of electrons, forces between charged objects

Charge Launcher

P.4.C: Magnetism

P.4.C.1: magnetic poles, attraction and repulsion

Magnetic Induction
Magnetism

P.4.C.4: the magnetic effect of a current, electromagnets, D.C. motors (principles only).

Electromagnetic Induction
Magnetic Induction

P.5: Matter

P.5.A: Physical changes

P.5.A.4: diffusion in liquids and gases driven by differences in concentration

Diffusion

P.5.A.5: the difference between chemical and physical changes.

Chemical Changes

P.5.B: Particle model

P.5.B.1: the differences in arrangements, in motion and in closeness of particles explaining changes of state, shape and density, the anomaly of ice-water transition

Phase Changes
Phases of Water

P.5.B.2: atoms and molecules as particles.

Element Builder

P.5.C: Energy in matter

P.5.C.1: changes with temperature in motion and spacing of particles

Temperature and Particle Motion

P.5.D: Space physics

P.5.D.3: the seasons and the Earth's tilt, day length at different times of year, in different hemispheres

Seasons Around the World
Seasons in 3D
Seasons: Earth, Moon, and Sun
Seasons: Why do we have them?
Summer and Winter

Correlation last revised: 9/24/2019

This correlation lists the recommended Gizmos for this state's curriculum standards. Click any Gizmo title below for more information.