Mathematics Florida Standards
MAFS.912.A-APR: Arithmetic with Polynomials and Rational Expressions
MAFS.912.A-APR.1: Perform arithmetic operations on polynomials
MAFS.912.A-APR.1.1: Understand that polynomials form a system analogous to the integers, namely, they are closed under the operations of addition, subtraction, and multiplication; add, subtract, and multiply polynomials.
MAFS.912.A-APR.2: Understand the relationship between zeros and factors of polynomials
MAFS.912.A-APR.2.2: Know and apply the Remainder Theorem: For a polynomial p(x) and a number a, the remainder on division by x Â? a is p(a), so p(a) = 0 if and only if (x Â? a) is a factor of p(x).
MAFS.912.A-APR.2.3: Identify zeros of polynomials when suitable factorizations are available, and use the zeros to construct a rough graph of the function defined by the polynomial.
MAFS.912.A-APR.3: Use polynomial identities to solve problems
MAFS.912.A-APR.3.4: Prove polynomial identities and use them to describe numerical relationships.
MAFS.912.A-CED: Creating Equations
MAFS.912.A-CED.1: Create equations that describe numbers or relationships
MAFS.912.A-CED.1.2: Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities; graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales.
MAFS.912.A-CED.1.3: Represent constraints by equations or inequalities, and by systems of equations and/or inequalities, and interpret solutions as viable or non-viable options in a modeling context.
MAFS.912.A-CED.1.4: Rearrange formulas to highlight a quantity of interest, using the same reasoning as in solving equations.
MAFS.912.A-REI: Reasoning with Equations and Inequalities
MAFS.912.A-REI.1: Understand solving equations as a process of reasoning and explain the reasoning
MAFS.912.A-REI.1.1: Explain each step in solving a simple equation as following from the equality of numbers asserted at the previous step, starting from the assumption that the original equation has a solution. Construct a viable argument to justify a solution method.
MAFS.912.A-REI.2: Solve equations and inequalities in one variable
MAFS.912.A-REI.2.3: Solve linear equations and inequalities in one variable, including equations with coefficients represented by letters.
MAFS.912.A-REI.2.4: Solve quadratic equations in one variable.
MAFS.912.A-REI.2.4.a: Use the method of completing the square to transform any quadratic equation in x into an equation of the form (x Â? p)Â² = q that has the same solutions. Derive the quadratic formula from this form.
MAFS.912.A-REI.2.4.b: Solve quadratic equations by inspection (e.g., for xÂ² = 49), taking square roots, completing the square, the quadratic formula and factoring, as appropriate to the initial form of the equation. Recognize when the quadratic formula gives complex solutions and write them as a Â± bi for real numbers a and b.
MAFS.912.A-REI.3: Solve systems of equations
MAFS.912.A-REI.3.6: Solve systems of linear equations exactly and approximately (e.g., with graphs), focusing on pairs of linear equations in two variables.
MAFS.912.A-REI.3.7: Solve a simple system consisting of a linear equation and a quadratic equation in two variables algebraically and graphically.
MAFS.912.A-REI.3.9: Find the inverse of a matrix if it exists and use it to solve systems of linear equations (using technology for matrices of dimension 3 Ã? 3 or greater).
MAFS.912.A-REI.4: Represent and solve equations and inequalities graphically
MAFS.912.A-REI.4.10: Understand that the graph of an equation in two variables is the set of all its solutions plotted in the coordinate plane, often forming a curve (which could be a line).
MAFS.912.A-REI.4.11: Explain why the x-coordinates of the points where the graphs of the equations y = f(x) and y = g(x) intersect are the solutions of the equation f(x) = g(x); find the solutions approximately, e.g., using technology to graph the functions, make tables of values, or find successive approximations. Include cases where f(x) and/or g(x) are linear, polynomial, rational, absolute value, exponential, and logarithmic functions.
MAFS.912.A-REI.4.12: Graph the solutions to a linear inequality in two variables as a half-plane (excluding the boundary in the case of a strict inequality), and graph the solution set to a system of linear inequalities in two variables as the intersection of the corresponding half-planes.
MAFS.912.A-SSE: Seeing Structure in Expressions
MAFS.912.A-SSE.1: Interpret the structure of expressions
MAFS.912.A-SSE.1.1: Interpret expressions that represent a quantity in terms of its context.
MAFS.912.A-SSE.1.1.a: Interpret parts of an expression, such as terms, factors, and coefficients.
MAFS.912.A-SSE.2: Write expressions in equivalent forms to solve problems
MAFS.912.A-SSE.2.3: Choose and produce an equivalent form of an expression to reveal and explain properties of the quantity represented by the expression.
MAFS.912.A-SSE.2.3.a: Factor a quadratic expression to reveal the zeros of the function it defines.
MAFS.912.A-SSE.2.3.b: Complete the square in a quadratic expression to reveal the maximum or minimum value of the function it defines.
MAFS.912.A-SSE.2.3.c: Use the properties of exponents to transform expressions for exponential functions.
MAFS.912.F-BF: Building Functions
MAFS.912.F-BF.1: Build a function that models a relationship between two quantities
MAFS.912.F-BF.1.1: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.
MAFS.912.F-BF.1.1.a: Determine an explicit expression, a recursive process, or steps for calculation from a context.
MAFS.912.F-BF.1.1.b: Combine standard function types using arithmetic operations.
MAFS.912.F-BF.1.1.c: Compose functions.
MAFS.912.F-BF.1.2: Write arithmetic and geometric sequences both recursively and with an explicit formula, use them to model situations, and translate between the two forms.
MAFS.912.F-BF.2: Build new functions from existing functions
MAFS.912.F-BF.2.3: Identify the effect on the graph of replacing f(x) by f(x) + k, k f(x), f(kx), and f(x + k) for specific values of k (both positive and negative); find the value of k given the graphs. Experiment with cases and illustrate an explanation of the effects on the graph using technology.
MAFS.912.F-BF.2.4: Find inverse functions.
MAFS.912.F-BF.2.4.a: Solve an equation of the form f(x) = c for a simple function f that has an inverse and write an expression for the inverse.
MAFS.912.F-BF.2.4.c: Read values of an inverse function from a graph or a table, given that the function has an inverse.
MAFS.912.F-BF.2.4.d: Produce an invertible function from a non-invertible function by restricting the domain.
MAFS.912.F-BF.2.5: Understand the inverse relationship between exponents and logarithms and use this relationship to solve problems involving logarithms and exponents.
MAFS.912.F-IF: Interpreting Functions
MAFS.912.F-IF.1: Understand the concept of a function and use function notation
MAFS.912.F-IF.1.1: Understand that a function from one set (called the domain) to another set (called the range) assigns to each element of the domain exactly one element of the range. If f is a function and x is an element of its domain, then f(x) denotes the output of f corresponding to the input x. The graph of f is the graph of the equation y = f(x).
MAFS.912.F-IF.1.2: Use function notation, evaluate functions for inputs in their domains, and interpret statements that use function notation in terms of a context.
MAFS.912.F-IF.1.3: Recognize that sequences are functions, sometimes defined recursively, whose domain is a subset of the integers.
MAFS.912.F-IF.2: Interpret functions that arise in applications in terms of the context
MAFS.912.F-IF.2.4: For a function that models a relationship between two quantities, interpret key features of graphs and tables in terms of the quantities, and sketch graphs showing key features given a verbal description of the relationship.
MAFS.912.F-IF.2.5: Relate the domain of a function to its graph and, where applicable, to the quantitative relationship it describes.
MAFS.912.F-IF.2.6: Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.
MAFS.912.F-IF.3: Analyze functions using different representations
MAFS.912.F-IF.3.7: Graph functions expressed symbolically and show key features of the graph, by hand in simple cases and using technology for more complicated cases.
MAFS.912.F-IF.3.7.a: Graph linear and quadratic functions and show intercepts, maxima, and minima.
MAFS.912.F-IF.3.7.b: Graph square root, cube root, and piecewise-defined functions, including step functions and absolute value functions.
MAFS.912.F-IF.3.7.c: Graph polynomial functions, identifying zeros when suitable factorizations are available, and showing end behavior.
MAFS.912.F-IF.3.7.d: Graph rational functions, identifying zeros and asymptotes when suitable factorizations are available, and showing end behavior.
MAFS.912.F-IF.3.8: Write a function defined by an expression in different but equivalent forms to reveal and explain different properties of the function.
MAFS.912.F-IF.3.8.a: Use the process of factoring and completing the square in a quadratic function to show zeros, extreme values, and symmetry of the graph, and interpret these in terms of a context.
MAFS.912.F-IF.3.8.b: Use the properties of exponents to interpret expressions for exponential functions.
MAFS.912.F-IF.3.9: Compare properties of two functions each represented in a different way (algebraically, graphically, numerically in tables, or by verbal descriptions).
MAFS.912.F-LE: Linear, Quadratic, and Exponential Models
MAFS.912.F-LE.1: Construct and compare linear, quadratic, and exponential models and solve problems
MAFS.912.F-LE.1.1: Distinguish between situations that can be modeled with linear functions and with exponential functions.
MAFS.912.F-LE.1.1.a: Prove that linear functions grow by equal differences over equal intervals, and that exponential functions grow by equal factors over equal intervals.
MAFS.912.F-LE.1.2: Construct linear and exponential functions, including arithmetic and geometric sequences, given a graph, a description of a relationship, or two input-output pairs (include reading these from a table).
MAFS.912.F-LE.1.3: Observe using graphs and tables that a quantity increasing exponentially eventually exceeds a quantity increasing linearly, quadratically, or (more generally) as a polynomial function.
MAFS.912.F-LE.2: Interpret expressions for functions in terms of the situation they model
MAFS.912.F-LE.2.5: Interpret the parameters in a linear or exponential function in terms of a context.
MAFS.912.F-TF: Trigonometric Functions
MAFS.912.F-TF.1: Extend the domain of trigonometric functions using the unit circle
MAFS.912.F-TF.1.2: Explain how the unit circle in the coordinate plane enables the extension of trigonometric functions to all real numbers, interpreted as radian measures of angles traversed counterclockwise around the unit circle.
MAFS.912.F-TF.1.3: Use special triangles to determine geometrically the values of sine, cosine, tangent for pi/3, pi/4 and pi/6, and use the unit circle to express the values of sine, cosine, and tangent for piÂ?x, pi+x, and 2piÂ?x in terms of their values for x, where x is any real number.
MAFS.912.F-TF.1.4: Use the unit circle to explain symmetry (odd and even) and periodicity of trigonometric functions.
MAFS.912.F-TF.2: Model periodic phenomena with trigonometric functions
MAFS.912.F-TF.2.5: Choose trigonometric functions to model periodic phenomena with specified amplitude, frequency, and midline.
MAFS.912.F-TF.2.6: Understand that restricting a trigonometric function to a domain on which it is always increasing or always decreasing allows its inverse to be constructed.
MAFS.912.F-TF.3: Prove and apply trigonometric identities
MAFS.912.F-TF.3.8: Prove the Pythagorean identity sinÂ²(theta) + cosÂ²(theta) = 1 and use it to calculate trigonometric ratios.
MAFS.912.G-C.1: Understand and apply theorems about circles
MAFS.912.G-C.1.1: Prove that all circles are similar.
MAFS.912.G-C.1.2: Identify and describe relationships among inscribed angles, radii, and chords.
MAFS.912.G-C.1.3: Construct the inscribed and circumscribed circles of a triangle, and prove properties of angles for a quadrilateral inscribed in a circle.
MAFS.912.G-C.2: Find arc lengths and areas of sectors of circles
MAFS.912.G-C.2.5: Derive using similarity the fact that the length of the arc intercepted by an angle is proportional to the radius, and define the radian measure of the angle as the constant of proportionality; derive the formula for the area of a sector.
MAFS.912.G-CO.1: Experiment with transformations in the plane
MAFS.912.G-CO.1.2: Represent transformations in the plane using, e.g., transparencies and geometry software; describe transformations as functions that take points in the plane as inputs and give other points as outputs. Compare transformations that preserve distance and angle to those that do not (e.g., translation versus horizontal stretch).
MAFS.912.G-CO.1.3: Given a rectangle, parallelogram, trapezoid, or regular polygon, describe the rotations and reflections that carry it onto itself.
MAFS.912.G-CO.1.4: Develop definitions of rotations, reflections, and translations in terms of angles, circles, perpendicular lines, parallel lines, and line segments.
MAFS.912.G-CO.1.5: Given a geometric figure and a rotation, reflection, or translation, draw the transformed figure using, e.g., graph paper, tracing paper, or geometry software. Specify a sequence of transformations that will carry a given figure onto another.
MAFS.912.G-CO.2: Understand congruence in terms of rigid motions
MAFS.912.G-CO.2.6: Use geometric descriptions of rigid motions to transform figures and to predict the effect of a given rigid motion on a given figure; given two figures, use the definition of congruence in terms of rigid motions to decide if they are congruent.
MAFS.912.G-CO.2.7: Use the definition of congruence in terms of rigid motions to show that two triangles are congruent if and only if corresponding pairs of sides and corresponding pairs of angles are congruent.
MAFS.912.G-CO.4: Make geometric constructions
MAFS.912.G-CO.4.12: Make formal geometric constructions with a variety of tools and methods (compass and straightedge, string, reflective devices, paper folding, dynamic geometric software, etc.).
MAFS.912.G-CO.4.13: Construct an equilateral triangle, a square, and a regular hexagon inscribed in a circle.
MAFS.912.G-GPE: Expressing Geometric Properties with Equations
MAFS.912.G-GPE.1: Translate between the geometric description and the equation for a conic section
MAFS.912.G-GPE.1.1: Derive the equation of a circle of given center and radius using the Pythagorean Theorem; complete the square to find the center and radius of a circle given by an equation.
MAFS.912.G-GPE.1.2: Derive the equation of a parabola given a focus and directrix.
MAFS.912.G-GPE.1.3: Derive the equations of ellipses and hyperbolas given the foci and directrices.
MAFS.912.G-GPE.2: Use coordinates to prove simple geometric theorems algebraically
MAFS.912.G-GPE.2.4: Use coordinates to prove simple geometric theorems algebraically.
MAFS.912.G-GPE.2.5: Prove the slope criteria for parallel and perpendicular lines and use them to solve geometric problems (e.g., find the equation of a line parallel or perpendicular to a given line that passes through a given point).
MAFS.912.G-GPE.2.6: Find the point on a directed line segment between two given points that partitions the segment in a given ratio.
MAFS.912.G-GPE.2.7: Use coordinates to compute perimeters of polygons and areas of triangles and rectangles, e.g., using the distance formula.
MAFS.912.G-GMD: Geometric Measurement and Dimension
MAFS.912.G-GMD.1: Explain volume formulas and use them to solve problems
MAFS.912.G-GMD.1.1: Give an informal argument for the formulas for the circumference of a circle, area of a circle, volume of a cylinder, pyramid, and cone.
MAFS.912.G-GMD.1.3: Use volume formulas for cylinders, pyramids, cones, and spheres to solve problems.
MAFS.912.G-MG: Modeling with Geometry
MAFS.912.G-MG.1: Apply geometric concepts in modeling situations
MAFS.912.G-MG.1.1: Use geometric shapes, their measures, and their properties to describe objects (e.g., modeling a tree trunk or a human torso as a cylinder).
MAFS.912.G-MG.1.2: Apply concepts of density based on area and volume in modeling situations (e.g., persons per square mile, BTUs per cubic foot).
MAFS.912.G-SRT: Similarity, Right Triangles, and Trigonometry
MAFS.912.G-SRT.1: Understand similarity in terms of similarity transformations
MAFS.912.G-SRT.1.1: Verify experimentally the properties of dilations given by a center and a scale factor:
MAFS.912.G-SRT.1.1.a: A dilation takes a line not passing through the center of the dilation to a parallel line, and leaves a line passing through the center unchanged.
MAFS.912.G-SRT.1.1.b: The dilation of a line segment is longer or shorter in the ratio given by the scale factor.
MAFS.912.G-SRT.1.2: Given two figures, use the definition of similarity in terms of similarity transformations to decide if they are similar; explain using similarity transformations the meaning of similarity for triangles as the equality of all corresponding pairs of angles and the proportionality of all corresponding pairs of sides.
MAFS.912.G-SRT.1.3: Use the properties of similarity transformations to establish the AA criterion for two triangles to be similar.
MAFS.912.G-SRT.2: Prove theorems involving similarity
MAFS.912.G-SRT.2.4: Prove theorems about triangles.
MAFS.912.G-SRT.2.5: Use congruence and similarity criteria for triangles to solve problems and to prove relationships in geometric figures.
MAFS.912.G-SRT.3: Define trigonometric ratios and solve problems involving right triangles
MAFS.912.G-SRT.3.6: Understand that by similarity, side ratios in right triangles are properties of the angles in the triangle, leading to definitions of trigonometric ratios for acute angles.
MAFS.912.G-SRT.3.7: Explain and use the relationship between the sine and cosine of complementary angles.
MAFS.912.G-SRT.3.8: Use trigonometric ratios and the Pythagorean Theorem to solve right triangles in applied problems.
MAFS.912.G-SRT.4: Apply trigonometry to general triangles
MAFS.912.G-SRT.4.11: Understand and apply the Law of Sines and the Law of Cosines to find unknown measurements in right and non-right triangles (e.g., surveying problems, resultant forces).
MAFS.912.N-CN: The Complex Number System
MAFS.912.N-CN.1: Perform arithmetic operations with complex numbers.
MAFS.912.N-CN.1.1: Know there is a complex number i such that iÂ² = Â?1, and every complex number has the form a + bi with a and b real.
MAFS.912.N-CN.1.3: Find the conjugate of a complex number; use conjugates to find moduli and quotients of complex numbers.
MAFS.912.N-CN.2: Represent complex numbers and their operations on the complex plane.
MAFS.912.N-CN.2.4: Represent complex numbers on the complex plane in rectangular and polar form (including real and imaginary numbers), and explain why the rectangular and polar forms of a given complex number represent the same number.
MAFS.912.N-CN.2.5: Represent addition, subtraction, multiplication, and conjugation of complex numbers geometrically on the complex plane; use properties of this representation for computation.
MAFS.912.N-CN.2.6: Calculate the distance between numbers in the complex plane as the modulus of the difference, and the midpoint of a segment as the average of the numbers at its endpoints.
MAFS.912.N-CN.3: Use complex numbers in polynomial identities and equations.
MAFS.912.N-CN.3.8: Extend polynomial identities to the complex numbers.
MAFS.912.N-VM: Vector and Matrix Quantities
MAFS.912.N-VM.3: Perform operations on matrices and use matrices in applications.
MAFS.912.N-VM.3.11: Multiply a vector (regarded as a matrix with one column) by a matrix of suitable dimensions to produce another vector. Work with matrices as transformations of vectors.
MAFS.912.N-VM.3.12: Work with 2 Ã? 2 matrices as transformations of the plane, and interpret the absolute value of the determinant in terms of area.
MAFS.912.S-CP: Conditional Probability and the Rules of Probability
MAFS.912.S-CP.1: Understand independence and conditional probability and use them to interpret data
MAFS.912.S-CP.1.2: Understand that two events A and B are independent if the probability of A and B occurring together is the product of their probabilities, and use this characterization to determine if they are independent.
MAFS.912.S-CP.1.3: Understand the conditional probability of A given B as P(A and B)/P(B), and interpret independence of A and B as saying that the conditional probability of A given B is the same as the probability of A, and the conditional probability of B given A is the same as the probability of B.
MAFS.912.S-CP.1.4: Construct and interpret two-way frequency tables of data when two categories are associated with each object being classified. Use the two-way table as a sample space to decide if events are independent and to approximate conditional probabilities.
MAFS.912.S-CP.1.5: Recognize and explain the concepts of conditional probability and independence in everyday language and everyday situations.
MAFS.912.S-CP.2: Use the rules of probability to compute probabilities of compound events in a uniform probability model
MAFS.912.S-CP.2.6: Find the conditional probability of A given B as the fraction of BÂ?s outcomes that also belong to A, and interpret the answer in terms of the model.
MAFS.912.S-CP.2.9: Use permutations and combinations to compute probabilities of compound events and solve problems.
MAFS.912.S-ID: Interpreting Categorical and Quantitative Data
MAFS.912.S-ID.1: Summarize, represent, and interpret data on a single count or measurement variable
MAFS.912.S-ID.1.1: Represent data with plots on the real number line (dot plots, histograms, and box plots).
MAFS.912.S-ID.1.2: Use statistics appropriate to the shape of the data distribution to compare center (median, mean) and spread (interquartile range, standard deviation) of two or more different data sets.
MAFS.912.S-ID.1.3: Interpret differences in shape, center, and spread in the context of the data sets, accounting for possible effects of extreme data points (outliers).
MAFS.912.S-ID.2: Summarize, represent, and interpret data on two categorical and quantitative variables
MAFS.912.S-ID.2.5: Summarize categorical data for two categories in two-way frequency tables. Interpret relative frequencies in the context of the data (including joint, marginal, and conditional relative frequencies). Recognize possible associations and trends in the data.
MAFS.912.S-ID.2.6: Represent data on two quantitative variables on a scatter plot, and describe how the variables are related.
MAFS.912.S-ID.2.6.a: Fit a function to the data; use functions fitted to data to solve problems in the context of the data.
MAFS.912.S-ID.2.6.b: Informally assess the fit of a function by plotting and analyzing residuals.
MAFS.912.S-ID.2.6.c: Fit a linear function for a scatter plot that suggests a linear association.
MAFS.912.S-ID.3: Interpret linear models
MAFS.912.S-ID.3.7: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data.
MAFS.912.S-ID.3.8: Compute (using technology) and interpret the correlation coefficient of a linear fit.
MAFS.912.S-ID.3.9: Distinguish between correlation and causation.
MAFS.912.S-IC: Making Inferences and Justifying Conclusions
MAFS.912.S-IC.1: Understand and evaluate random processes underlying statistical experiments
MAFS.912.S-IC.1.1: Understand statistics as a process for making inferences about population parameters based on a random sample from that population.
MAFS.912.S-IC.2: Make inferences and justify conclusions from sample surveys, experiments, and observational studies
MAFS.912.S-IC.2.3: Recognize the purposes of and differences among sample surveys, experiments, and observational studies; explain how randomization relates to each.
MAFS.912.S-IC.2.4: Use data from a sample survey to estimate a population mean or proportion; develop a margin of error through the use of simulation models for random sampling.
MAFS.912.S-IC.2.5: Use data from a randomized experiment to compare two treatments; use simulations to decide if differences between parameters are significant.
MAFS.912.S-MD: Using Probability to Make Decisions
MAFS.912.S-MD.1: Calculate expected values and use them to solve problems
MAFS.912.S-MD.1.1: Define a random variable for a quantity of interest by assigning a numerical value to each event in a sample space; graph the corresponding probability distribution using the same graphical displays as for data distributions.
MAFS.912.S-MD.1.2: Calculate the expected value of a random variable; interpret it as the mean of the probability distribution.
MAFS.912.S-MD.1.3: Develop a probability distribution for a random variable defined for a sample space in which theoretical probabilities can be calculated; find the expected value.
MAFS.912.S-MD.1.4: Develop a probability distribution for a random variable defined for a sample space in which probabilities are assigned empirically; find the expected value.
MAFS.912.S-MD.2: Use probability to evaluate outcomes of decisions
MAFS.912.S-MD.2.5: Weigh the possible outcomes of a decision by assigning probabilities to payoff values and finding expected values.
MAFS.912.S-MD.2.5.a: Find the expected payoff for a game of chance.
MAFS.912.S-MD.2.6: Use probabilities to make fair decisions (e.g., drawing by lots, using a random number generator).
Correlation last revised: 7/25/2014