P.1.1: Using motion, maps, graphs and algebraic equations, describe, measure, and analyze constant acceleration motion in one dimension in terms of time and the vector quantities of displacement, velocity and acceleration.

P.1.2: Using motion, maps, graphs and algebraic equations, describe, measure, and analyze constant acceleration motion in two dimensions in terms of time and the vector quantities of displacement, velocity and acceleration. Consider specifically projectile motion and uniform circular motion.

P.1.3: Describe the magnitude and direction of kinds of forces, including both contact forces and non-contact forces, those that act at a distance. Find the net force acting on an object using free-body diagrams and the addition of forces. Use NewtonÂ?s three laws to deductively analyze static and dynamic systems.

P.1.4: Use NewtonÂ?s Law of Universal Gravitation and the laws of motion to quantitatively analyze the motions of orbiting objects such as the moon, the planets and satellites (i.e., KeplerÂ?s Third Law of Planetary Motion).

#### P.2: Energy and Momentum

P.2.1: Describe qualitatively and quantitatively the concepts of momentum, work, kinetic energy, potential energy and power.

P.2.3: Analyze evidence that illustrates the Law of Conservation of Energy and the Law of Conservation of Momentum. Apply these laws to analyze elastic and completely inelastic collisions.

P.2.4: Describe and quantify energy in its different mechanical forms (e.g., kinetic, gravitational potential, elastic potential) and recognize that these forms of energy can be transformed one into another and into non-mechanical forms of energy (e.g., thermal, chemical, nuclear and electromagnetic).

#### P.3: Temperature and Thermal Energy Transfer

P.3.1: Describe temperature, thermal energy and thermal energy transfer in terms of the kinetic molecular model. Expand the concept of conservation of mechanical energy to include thermal energy.

P.3.2: Describe the kinetic molecular model, use it to derive the ideal gas law and show how it explains the relationship between the temperature of an object and the average kinetic energy of its molecules.

P.3.3: Use the kinetic theory to explain that the transfer of heat occurs during a change of state.

#### P.4: Electricity and Magnetism

P.4.1: Using CoulombÂ?s law, describe and determine the force on a stationary charge due to other stationary charges. Know that this force is many times greater than the gravitational force.

P.4.4: Explain and analyze simple arrangements of electrical components in series and parallel circuits in terms of current, resistance, voltage and power. Use OhmÂ?s and KirchhoffÂ?s laws to analyze circuits.

P.4.5: Describe the magnetic forces and fields produced by and acting on moving charges and magnetic materials.

#### P.5: Vibrations, Waves

P.5.3: Describe and analyze propagating waves in terms of their fundamental characteristics such as wave speed, wavelength, frequency or period, and amplitude.

P.5.4: Describe and explain the behavior of waves such as transmission, reflection, interference and polarizations. Qualitatively describe and explain the production and properties of standing waves.

#### P.6: Light and Optics

P.6.1: Understand the geometric nature of light in reflection and refraction and in image formation by lenses and mirrors. Use that geometric nature to graphically predict the formation of images by lens and mirrors.

P.6.2: Describe the electromagnetic spectrum (i.e., radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible light, ultraviolet, X-rays and gamma rays) in terms of frequency, wavelength and energy. Recognize that all these waves travel in a vacuum at the same speed.

P.6.3: Understand that electromagnetic waves are produced by the acceleration of charged particles. Describe how electromagnetic waves interact with matter both as packets (i.e., photons) and as waves. Show qualitatively how wave theory helps explain polarization and diffraction.

#### P.7: Modern Physics

P.7.1: Explain that electrons, protons and neutrons are parts of the atom and that the nuclei of atoms are composed of protons and neutrons, which experience forces of attraction and repulsion consistent with their charges and masses. Distinguish elements from isotopes.

Correlation last revised: 5/11/2018

This correlation lists the recommended Gizmos for this state's curriculum standards. Click any Gizmo title below for more information.