HS-PS: Physical Science

HS-PS1: Matter and Its Interactions

HS-PS1-1: Use the periodic table as a model to predict the relative properties of elements based on the patterns of electrons in the outermost energy level of atoms.

 Electron Configuration
 Element Builder

HS-PS1-2: Construct and revise an explanation for the outcome of a simple chemical reaction based on the outermost electron states of atoms, trends in the periodic table, and knowledge of the patterns of chemical properties.

 Covalent Bonds
 Ionic Bonds

HS-PS1-3: Plan and conduct an investigation to gather evidence to compare the structure of substances at the bulk scale to infer the strength of electrical forces between particles.

 Melting Points

HS-PS1-4: Develop a model to illustrate that the release or absorption of energy from a chemical reaction system depends upon the changes in total bond energy.

 Reaction Energy

HS-PS1-5: Apply scientific principles and evidence to provide an explanation about the effects of changing the temperature or concentration of the reacting particles on the rate at which a reaction occurs.

 Collision Theory

HS-PS1-6: Refine the design of a chemical system by specifying a change in conditions that would produce increased amounts of products at equilibrium.

 Equilibrium and Concentration
 Equilibrium and Pressure

HS-PS1-7: Use mathematical representations to support the claim that atoms, and therefore mass, are conserved during a chemical reaction.

 Balancing Chemical Equations
 Chemical Changes
 Chemical Equations
 Stoichiometry

HS-PS1-8: Develop models to illustrate the changes in the composition of the nucleus of the atom and the energy released during the processes of fission, fusion, and radioactive decay.

 Nuclear Decay
 Nuclear Reactions

HS-PS2: Motion and Stability: Forces and Interactions

HS-PS2-1: Analyze data to support the claim that Newton’s second law of motion describes the mathematical relationship among the net force on a macroscopic object, its mass, and its acceleration.

 Atwood Machine
 Fan Cart Physics

HS-PS2-2: Use mathematical representations to support the claim that the total momentum of a system of objects is conserved when there is no net force on the system.

 2D Collisions
 Air Track

HS-PS2-4: Use mathematical representations of Newton’s Law of Gravitation and Coulomb’s Law to describe and predict the gravitational and electrostatic forces between objects.

 Coulomb Force (Static)
 Gravitational Force
 Pith Ball Lab

HS-PS2-5: Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence that an electric current can produce a magnetic field and that a changing magnetic field can produce an electric current.

 Electromagnetic Induction
 Magnetic Induction

HS-PS3: Energy

HS-PS3-1: Create a computational model to calculate the change in the energy of one component in a system when the change in energy of the other component(s) and energy flows in and out of the system are known.

 Energy Conversion in a System
 Energy of a Pendulum
 Inclined Plane - Rolling Objects
 Inclined Plane - Simple Machine
 Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects

HS-PS3-2: Develop and use models to illustrate that energy at the macroscopic scale can be accounted for as a combination of energy associated with the motions of particles (objects) and energy associated with the relative position of particles (objects).

 Energy Conversion in a System
 Energy of a Pendulum
 Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects
 Potential Energy on Shelves

HS-PS3-3: Design, build, and refine a device that works within given constraints to convert one form of energy into another form of energy.

 Trebuchet

HS-PS3-4: Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence that the transfer of thermal energy when two components of different temperature are combined within a closed system results in a more uniform energy distribution among the components in the system (second law of thermodynamics).

 Calorimetry Lab
 Conduction and Convection
 Heat Transfer by Conduction

HS-PS3-5: Develop and use a model of two objects interacting through electric or magnetic fields to illustrate the forces between objects and the changes in energy of the objects due to the interaction.

 Charge Launcher
 Electromagnetic Induction
 Magnetic Induction
 Magnetism
 Pith Ball Lab

HS-PS4: Waves and Their Applications in Technologies for Information Transfer

HS-PS4-1: Use mathematical representations to support a claim regarding relationships among the frequency, wavelength, and speed of waves traveling in various media.

 Earthquakes 1 - Recording Station
 Refraction
 Ripple Tank
 Waves

HS-PS4-3: Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning behind the idea that electromagnetic radiation can be described either by a wave model or a particle model, and that for some situations one model is more useful than the other.

 Basic Prism
 Photoelectric Effect

HS-PS4-4: Evaluate the validity and reliability of claims in published materials of the effects that different frequencies of electromagnetic radiation have when absorbed by matter.

 Heat Absorption
 Herschel Experiment
 Photoelectric Effect
 Radiation

HS-PS4-5: Communicate technical information about how some technological devices use the principles of wave behavior and wave interactions with matter to transmit and capture information and energy.

 Phased Array

HS-LS: Life Science

HS-LS1: From Molecules to Organisms: Structures and Processes

HS-LS1-1: Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the structure of DNA determines the structure of proteins which carry out the essential functions of life through systems of specialized cells.

 Building DNA
 Genetic Engineering
 RNA and Protein Synthesis

HS-LS1-2: Develop and use a model to illustrate the hierarchical organization of interacting systems that provide specific functions within multicellular organisms.

 Cell Types
 Circulatory System
 Digestive System
 Senses

HS-LS1-3: Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence that feedback mechanisms maintain homeostasis.

 Homeostasis
 Human Homeostasis
 Paramecium Homeostasis

HS-LS1-4: Use a model to illustrate the role of cellular division (mitosis) and differentiation in producing and maintaining complex organisms.

 Cell Division

HS-LS1-5: Use a model to illustrate how photosynthesis transforms light energy into stored chemical energy.

 Cell Energy Cycle
 Photosynthesis Lab

HS-LS1-6: Construct and revise an explanation based on evidence for how carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen from sugar molecules may combine with other elements to form amino acids and/or other large carbon-based molecules.

 Dehydration Synthesis

HS-LS1-7: Use a model to illustrate that cellular respiration is a chemical process whereby the bonds of food molecules and oxygen molecules are broken and the bonds in new compounds are formed resulting in a net transfer of energy.

 Cell Energy Cycle

HS-LS2: Ecosystems: Interactions, Energy, and Dynamics

HS-LS2-1: Use mathematical and/or computational representations to support explanations of factors that affect carrying capacity of ecosystems at different scales.

 Food Chain
 Forest Ecosystem
 Prairie Ecosystem
 Rabbit Population by Season
 Rainfall and Bird Beaks

HS-LS2-2: Use mathematical representations to support and revise explanations based on evidence about factors affecting biodiversity and populations in ecosystems of different scales.

 Coral Reefs 1 - Abiotic Factors
 Coral Reefs 2 - Biotic Factors
 Food Chain
 Forest Ecosystem
 Prairie Ecosystem
 Rabbit Population by Season
 Rainfall and Bird Beaks

HS-LS2-4: Use mathematical representations to support claims for the cycling of matter and flow of energy among organisms in an ecosystem.

 Food Chain
 Forest Ecosystem

HS-LS2-5: Develop a model to illustrate the role of photosynthesis and cellular respiration in the cycling of carbon among the biosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere, and geosphere.

 Carbon Cycle
 Cell Energy Cycle
 Plants and Snails
 Pond Ecosystem

HS-LS2-6: Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning that the complex interactions in ecosystems maintain relatively consistent numbers and types of organisms in stable conditions, but changing conditions may result in a new ecosystem.

 Coral Reefs 1 - Abiotic Factors
 Coral Reefs 2 - Biotic Factors
 Food Chain
 Forest Ecosystem
 Prairie Ecosystem

HS-LS3: Heredity: Inheritance and Variation of Traits

HS-LS3-1: Ask questions to clarify relationships about the role of DNA and chromosomes in coding the instructions for characteristic traits passed from parents to offspring.

 Building DNA
 DNA Analysis
 Evolution: Mutation and Selection
 Genetic Engineering
 Human Karyotyping

HS-LS3-2: Make and defend a claim based on evidence that inheritable genetic variations may result from: (1) new genetic combinations through meiosis, (2) viable errors occurring during replication, and/or (3) mutations caused by environmental factors.

 Building DNA
 Evolution: Mutation and Selection

HS-LS3-3: Apply concepts of statistics and probability to explain the variation and distribution of expressed traits in a population.

 Chicken Genetics
 Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium
 Microevolution
 Mouse Genetics (One Trait)
 Mouse Genetics (Two Traits)

HS-LS4: Biological Evolution: Unity and Diversity

HS-LS4-1: Communicate scientific information that common ancestry and biological evolution are supported by multiple lines of empirical evidence.

 Evolution: Natural and Artificial Selection
 Human Evolution - Skull Analysis
 Natural Selection
 RNA and Protein Synthesis
 Rainfall and Bird Beaks

HS-LS4-2: Construct an explanation based on evidence that the process of evolution primarily results from four factors: (1) the potential for a species to increase in number, (2) the heritable genetic variation of individuals in a species due to mutation and sexual reproduction, (3) competition for limited resources, and (4) the proliferation of those organisms that are better able to survive and reproduce in the environment.

 Evolution: Mutation and Selection
 Natural Selection
 Rainfall and Bird Beaks

HS-LS4-3: Apply concepts of statistics and probability to support explanations that organisms with an advantageous heritable trait tend to increase in proportion to organisms lacking this trait.

 Evolution: Mutation and Selection
 Microevolution
 Rainfall and Bird Beaks

HS-LS4-4: Construct an explanation based on evidence for how natural selection leads to adaptation of populations.

 Evolution: Mutation and Selection
 Microevolution
 Natural Selection

HS-LS4-5: Evaluate the evidence supporting claims that changes in environmental conditions may result in: (1) increases in the number of individuals of some species, (2) the emergence of new species over time, and (3) the extinction of other species.

 Coral Reefs 1 - Abiotic Factors
 Coral Reefs 2 - Biotic Factors
 Natural Selection
 Rabbit Population by Season
 Rainfall and Bird Beaks

HS-ESS: Earth and Space Science

HS-ESS1: Earth’s Place in the Universe

HS-ESS1-1: Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the life span of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun’s core to release energy that eventually reaches Earth in the form of radiation.

 H-R Diagram
 Nuclear Reactions

HS-ESS1-2: Construct an explanation of the Big Bang theory based on astronomical evidence of light spectra, motion of distant galaxies, and composition of matter in the universe.

 Big Bang Theory - Hubble's Law

HS-ESS1-3: Communicate scientific ideas about the way stars, over their life cycle, produce elements.

 Nuclear Reactions

HS-ESS1-4: Use mathematical or computational representations to predict the motion of orbiting objects in the solar system.

 Orbital Motion - Kepler's Laws
 Solar System Explorer

HS-ESS2: Earth’s Systems

HS-ESS2-1: Develop a model to illustrate how Earth’s internal and surface processes operate at different spatial and temporal scales to form continental and ocean-floor features.

 Plate Tectonics
 Weathering

HS-ESS2-2: Analyze geoscience data to make the claim that one change to Earth’s surface can create feedbacks that cause changes to other Earth systems.

 Carbon Cycle

HS-ESS2-3: Develop a model based on evidence of Earth’s interior to describe the cycling of matter by thermal convection.

 Conduction and Convection
 Plate Tectonics

HS-ESS2-4: Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of energy into and out of Earth's systems result in changes in climate.

 Greenhouse Effect

HS-ESS2-5: Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.

 Rock Cycle
 Water Cycle
 Weathering

HS-ESS2-6: Develop a quantitative model to describe the cycling of carbon among the hydrosphere, atmosphere, geosphere, and biosphere.

 Carbon Cycle

HS-ESS3: Earth and Human Activity

HS-ESS3-3: Create a computational simulation to illustrate the relationships among management of natural resources, the sustainability of human populations, and biodiversity.

 Coral Reefs 1 - Abiotic Factors
 Coral Reefs 2 - Biotic Factors
 Pond Ecosystem
 Water Pollution

HS-ESS3-5: Analyze geoscience data and the results from global climate models to make an evidence-based forecast of the current rate of global or regional climate change and associated future impacts to Earth systems.

 Greenhouse Effect

HS-ESS3-6: Use a computational representation to illustrate the relationships among Earth systems and how those relationships are being modified due to human activity.

 Coral Reefs 1 - Abiotic Factors

Correlation last revised: 1/11/2018

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